Effects of low- and high-pressure carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum on intracranial pressure during laparoscopic cholecystectomy
AbstractBackgroundLaparoscopic surgeries are a risk factor for raised intracranial **pressure and neurological complications. Even though rare, the consequences may be severe.MethodsOne hundred and one patients of laparoscopic cholecystectomy were enrolled and were randomized into two groups: low-pressure 8 mm Hg (Group A) and high-pressure 14 mm Hg (Group B) carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum during surgery. Fifty patients were in group A and 51 patients were in group B. Intracranial pressure was measured by measuring the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) using ultrasound examination. Baseline ONSD w as recorded followed by ONSD recording at various intervals: at the induction of anesthesia; 30 min, 45 min, at the end of surgery; and 30 min post surgery.ResultsThe groups were comparable in terms of demographics and comorbidities. The mean age of group A was 45 years and for group B it was 45.75 years. Most common indication for surgery was symptomatic gall stone disease. Baseline ONSD in group A was 0.427 ± 0.0459 mm, whereas it was 0.412 ± 0.0412 mm in group B. There was a significant rise of ONSD (p
Authors: Karimi G, Vard B, Riyahi R, Motlagh ME, Heshmat R, Kelishadi R Abstract This cross-sectional study was conducted among 14,400 Iranian students, aged 7-18 years to determine the association between the frequency of family dinner and mental health. Family dinner frequency, family relationship, life satisfaction (LS), self-perceived health and anxiety were assessed by validated questionnaires. Of 14,274 participants, 50.6% were boys and 71.4% were urban residents, with a mean (SD) age of 12.28 (3.16) years. Family dinner frequency was significantly correlated with LS (boys: β = 0.27, p
In this study we explored the use of a natural compound rubusoside (RUB) as a solubilizer to enhance the solubility of a fluorescence-labeled C6-Ceramide (NBD C6-Ceramide) and to characterize its pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution in an animal model. RUB significantly enhanced the solubility of NBD C6-Ceramide by forming nanomicelles, and efficiently delivered NBD C6-Ceramide in rats by oral and intravenous administration. RUB loaded 1.96% of NBD C6-Ceramide in the nanomicelles and solubilized it to a concentration of 3.6 mg/mL in water. NBD C6-Ceramide in nanomicelles remained stable in aqueous solutions, all...
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Prostaglandins &Other Lipid MediatorsAuthor(s): Giorgio Mottola, Evan Werlin, Bian Wu, Mian Chen, Anuran Chatterjee, Melinda Schaller, Michael S. ConteAbstractInflammation ensuing from vascular injury promotes intimal hyperplasia (IH) and restenosis. Resolvin D1 (RvD1) is a lipid mediator that attenuates IH in vivo when delivered locally to the vessel wall in animal models. We tested the hypothesis that peri-procedural oral administration of RvD1 could blunt the local inflammatory response to angioplasty, and attenuate downstream IH. Carotid angioplasty was per...
First-of-its-kind trial evaluates decision aid’s efficacy
Authors: Glauser W PMID: 31818934 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Owens B PMID: 31818933 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Dermer M, Martel J, Greenhill A PMID: 31818932 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Robson R PMID: 31818931 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Lamb S PMID: 31818930 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Zimmer V, Glanemann M, Lammert F PMID: 31818929 [PubMed - in process]