Heart Failure Self-care Associated With Brain Injury in Executive Control Regions

Background: Inadequate self-care is linked to poor health outcomes in heart failure (HF). Self-care depends on decision-making abilities, but links between self-care and brain injury to executive decision-making regulatory areas (prefrontal cortices) are unclear. Objective: We investigated the relationships between HF self-care and status of prefrontal cortices. Methods: Magnetic resonance imaging–based diffusion tensor imaging was performed in 21 patients with HF (age, 53.8 ± 7.9 years; 15 men; left ventricular ejection fraction, 25.1% ± 6.1%), and self-care and executive function were measured with the Self-care of Heart Failure Index (SCHFI) and Trail Making Test B. Using diffusion tensor imaging data, mean diffusivity (MD) maps were calculated and region-of-interest analyses were performed on the left and right prefrontal brain areas. Statistical analyses consisted of partial correlations (covariates, age, and gender). Results: The mean ± SD SCHFI scores were 70.78 ± 11.37 for maintenance, 70 ± 17.32 for management, and 74.91 ± 15.76 for confidence. The mean ± SD Trail Making Test B score was 90.2 ± 73.3 seconds. The mean ± SD MD values (higher values indicate tissue injury) of the left and right prefrontal cortices were 1.46 ± 0.16 (×10−3 mm2/s) and 1.44 ± 0.14 (×10−3 mm2/s), respectively. Significant negative correlations emerged between prefrontal MD va...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: ARTICLES: Heart Failure Source Type: research

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Condition:   Acute Heart Failure Intervention:   Drug: Tolvaptan 15 MG Sponsors:   Gia Dinh People Hospital;   Otsuka Pharmaceutical Vietnam Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Condition:   Chronic Heart Failure Intervention:   Other: Exercise with and without Codeine Sponsor:   University of Leeds Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Authors: Ishida Y, Murayama H, Shinfuku Y, Taniguchi T, Sasajima T, Oyama N Abstract Objectives: The dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor vildagliptin is indicated for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the long-term safety, effectiveness, and clinical relationship with cardiovascular events of vildagliptin have not been evaluated in Japan.Methods: The authors conducted post-marketing surveillance (PMS) to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of vildagliptin in more than 3000 Japanese T2DM patients for up to 3 years. Main assessments included demographics, major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE)...
Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Drug Saf Source Type: research
This article will review the epidemiology of heart failure in ESRD, the pathophysiological derangements of the renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system in patients with kidney disease, and the results from case series and trials of the use of MRAs in ESRD with HFrEF. Although limited to several small trials using MRAs in peritoneal and hemodialysis patients with or without HFrEF, the current literature appears to show the potential for clinical benefits with little risk.
Source: Cardiology in Review - Category: Cardiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
Diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) significantly increase the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors are a new class of hypoglycemic agents that have shown significant promise in the reduction of cardiovascular events. Current guideline recommendations do not support the use of these agents in patients with CKD stage 3 or higher. We performed a comprehensive meta-analysis to evaluate their cardiovascular effects in patients with type 2 DM and CKD stage 3 or higher. A comprehensive search was performed in PubMed, Cochrane central, and Embase. S...
Source: Cardiology in Review - Category: Cardiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
Left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy is a heart disease with relevant potential complications including heart failure, life-threatening arrhythmias, and embolic events. In order to prevent adverse outcomes, it is crucial to appropriately recognize and manage this cardiomyopathy. In this paper, we report the main clinical presentations and imaging modalities used for diagnosis, including echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging. We highlight the role of a comprehensive functional cardiac evaluation and the possible prognostic implications of both systolic and diastolic dysfunction. Furthermore, we summarize ...
Source: Cardiology in Review - Category: Cardiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
Each year 790,000 people in the United States suffer from a myocardial infarction. This results in the permanent loss of cardiomyocytes and an irreversible loss of cardiac function. Current therapies lower mortality rates, but do not address the core pathology, which opens a pathway to step-wise heart failure. Utilizing stem cells to regenerate the dead tissue is a potential method to reverse these devastating effects. Several clinical trials have already demonstrated the safety of stem cell therapy. In this review, we highlight clinical trials, which have utilized various stem cell lineages, and discuss areas for future research.
Source: Cardiology in Review - Category: Cardiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
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Source: Cardiology in Review - Category: Cardiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
Authors: Dąbrowska E, Harazny JM, Miszkowska-Nagórna E, Stefański A, Graff B, Kunicka K, Świerblewska E, Rojek A, Szyndler A, Wolf J, Gruchała M, Schmieder RE, Narkiewicz K Abstract Purpose: In the course of hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction develop very often and may progress toward heart failure. The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between abnormalities of retinal microcirculation and cardiac damage defined as left ventricular hypertrophy and/or diastolic dysfunction.Materials and methods: The study comprised 88 patients with essential hypertension. T...
Source: Blood Pressure - Category: Hematology Tags: Blood Press Source Type: research
The Heart Rhythm Society said it is planning a virtual alternative to its annual sessions, while that option is under consideration for the European Society of Cardiology's specialty meeting.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Cardiology Headlines - Category: Cardiology Tags: Cardiology News Source Type: news
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