Detection of malaria with light microscopy and Nested polymerase chain reaction (Nested PCR) methods in peripheral blood expansions and investigation of the genetic diversity of Plasmodium species by 18S rRNA gene in Southeast of Iran

ConclusionAccording to our results, Nested PCR method had higher sensitivity than LM and is suggested as a good approach for malaria detection. Consideration the wide diversity of tested isolates and the importance of vaccine development, which is affected by this diversity, further studies are needed in this regard.
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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This study including human samples was carried out in accordance with the recommendations of the ICH/GCP guidelines, Comité de Etica para Investigación con Humanos, Centro Internacional de Vacunas (CECIV, Cali, Colombia), and the protocol approved by the CECIV. All subjects gave written informed consent in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. All animal protocols that include experimental animal procedures using mice and NHP were carried out in accordance with the US Animal Welfare Act and approved by the Emory University's Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee and followed accordingly....
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study led to biomarker qualification through the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use in CHMI studies at non-endemic sites, which will facilitate biomarker use for the qualified context of use in drug and vaccine trials. PMID: 31017084 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Am J Trop Med Hyg - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
This reporter line has been used to analyze liver infection in immune-deficient humanized mice engrafted with human liver tissue ((Sack et al., 2014; Flannery et al., 2018); (Foquet et al., 2018)). In multiple RMP transgenic lines the uis4 gene promoter has been used to drive expression of different transgenes in sporozoites and liver-stages, such as genes encoding mCherry, ovalbumin or human Plasmodium proteins (Combe et al., 2009; Panchal et al., 2012; Montagna et al., 2014; Hopp et al., 2015; Longley et al., 2015, 2017; Singer et al., 2015) The uis4 gene, a member of the small Plasmodium etramp gene family, is highly t...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusions Nucleoside hydrolases are vital enzymes for the replication of Leishmania, conserved phylogenetic marker of the genus and strong-specific immunogens. We demonstrated that NH36 is an excellent target for chemotherapy of visceral leishmaniasis. Searching for the most immunogenic fraction of promastigotes of Leishmania we described the FML antigen of L. (L.) donovani, that has as its main component, the NH36 Nucleoside hydrolase. We developed second–generation vaccines with the FML and the NH36 native antigens, and with the NH36 recombinant protein. In addition, we obtained a third generation vaccine based ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract Controlled human malaria infection (CHMI) is a powerful tool to evaluate the efficacy of malaria vaccines and pharmacologics. Investigators at the University of Maryland, Baltimore, Center for Vaccine Development (UMB-CVD) pioneered the technique in the 1970s and continue to advance the frontiers of CHMI research. We reviewed the records of 338 malaria-naive volunteers who underwent CHMI at UMB-CVD with Plasmodium falciparum from 1971 until 2017. These 338 volunteers underwent 387 CHMI events, including 60 via intradermal injection or direct venous inoculation (DVI) of purified, cryopreserved sporozoites....
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
​BY GREGORY TAYLOR, DO; DAWN ZELENKA-JOSHOWITZ, DO; &ANDREW TAECKER, DOA 34-year-old man presented with intermittent fever and body aches for 10 days. He had been visiting family in India, and the symptoms began when he returned home. His fever had been as high as 104°F, and he was experiencing nausea, two episodes of bilious emesis, body aches, nonspecific abdominal pain, and multiple episodes of watery, nonbloody diarrhea.He said he knew of no tuberculosis exposure or ill contacts, and he was current on his routine influenza and hepatitis A vaccines. His temperature was 101.4°F (he had taken acetaminophen t...
Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
The objective of the study was to estimate the malaria incidence attributable to the 2013 flood in Almanagil Locality, Gezira State in central Sudan. Methods Study Area Gezira State is located in the east-central region of Sudan, is crossed by the Blue Nile and is irrigated by two canals of the Gezira and Managil agriculture schemes. Almanagil Locality was in 2013 one of the 8 localities that constituted the Gezira State and was situated in the south western part of the state. Almanagil Town, the capital of the locality, is 62 km away from Wadmedani, the capital of Gezira State, and 156 km from Khartoum, the capital o...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 009 The diagnosis of HIV is no longer fatal and the term AIDS is becoming less frequent. In many countries, people with HIV are living longer than those with diabetes. This post will hopefully teach the basics of a complex disease and demystify some of the potential diseases you need to consider in those who are severely immunosuppressed. While trying to be comprehensive this post can not be exhaustive (as you can imagine any patient with ...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Cases Tropical Medicine AIDS art cryptococcoma cryptococcus HIV HIV1 HIV2 PEP PrEP TB toxoplasma tuberculoma Source Type: blogs
Conclusions Surveillance, risk assessment, and intervention were strengthened throughout Malaysia in response to the 2016 outbreak of ZIKV in neighboring Singapore. The Malaysian Ministry of Health undertook regular surveillance from June 2015 during the South American outbreak, but no ZIKV was detected in 784 samples tested up to August 2016 (https://kpkesihatan.com/2016/08/28/kenyataan-akhbar-kpk-28-ogos-2016-situasi-terkini-virus-zika-di-malaysia/). However, during the peak of the 2016 Singapore ZIKV outbreak from September through December 2016, eight out of 849 samples tested were positive for ZIKV (https://kpkesiha...
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
Early and accurate diagnosis of malaria is important in treatment as well as in the clinical evaluation of drugs and vaccines. Evaluation of Giemsa-stained smears remains the gold standard for malaria diagnosi...
Source: Malaria Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
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