Efficacy and safety of left atrial appendage closure in non-valvular atrial fibrillation in patients over 75  years

AbstractPercutaneous left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) may decrease risks of stroke and bleeding in elderly patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF), but it is still lacking of evidence. The present study aimed at evaluating the efficacy and safety of LAAC in patients with NVAF over 75  years. 351 patients with NVAF who underwent LAAC were retrospectively analyzed on the LAAC procedure characteristics and the clinical follow-up according to age (age ≥ 75 years or 
Source: Heart and Vessels - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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In conclusions, uninterrupted NOACs was more effective than uninterrupted VKA in reducing major bleeding and pericardial effusion risk without increasing thromboembolism risk, and the benefits of uninterrupted NOACs on major bleeding complication could be more pronounced if CHA2DS2-VASc score  ≥ 2 or target ACT >  300 s.
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
FINDINGSNearly 98% percent of people prescribed direct-acting oral anticoagulants such as apixaban also used  over-the-counter products. Of those, 33% took at least one such product that, in combination with the anticoagulants, could cause dangerous internal bleeding. People taking these medications largely lacked knowledge of some potentially serious interactions.BACKGROUNDDirect-acting oral anticoagulants are the drug of choice for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation, which occurs most frequently in older patients. Apixaban is one of the most frequently prescribed. However, most people prescribed ...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
Abstract Background: Limited clinical data exist describing the use of direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in patients with body mass index (BMI)>40 kg/m2 or body weight>120 kg. Thus, DOAC therapy in this population remains controversial. Objectives: To investigate rivaroxaban as a safe and effective alternative to warfarin for venous thromboembolism (VTE) treatment and prevention of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation identified as extremely obese or of high body weight. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed at 2 academic medical centers in patients ≥18 years old and BMI>40...
Source: The Annals of Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Ann Pharmacother Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Mean INR 1.6-2.6 was better than mean INR 2.0-3.0 for the prevention of thromboembolism and major bleeding. However, INR 1.6-2.6 and TTR ≥70% had similar clinical outcomes to INR 2.0-3.0 and TTR ≥70% in Korean patients with non-valvular AF. PMID: 31642215 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Korean Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Korean Circ J Source Type: research
This study assessed patient preference for warfarin or DOAC based on a willingness to pay more for potential DOAC benefits. Current warfarin patients with atrial fibrillation or venous thromboembolism enrolled in the University of Utah Health Thrombosis Service were given a one-time electronic survey that assessed preferences between warfarin and DOACs using scenarios comparing effectiveness, safety, and convenience. When DOACs were preferred, patients were asked how much more they would be willing to pay monthly for the perceived advantages associated with DOACs. With 123 completed surveys, 68% of patients preferred to st...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
AbstractThe optimal management of oral anticoagulation (OAC) in the acute phase of non valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF)-related acute ischemic stroke (AIS) remains controversial, especially in very old patients. Therefore, the aim of our study was to evaluate the practical management of OAC in this context. We conducted an observational retrospective study on patients 85-years old and older admitted to two Italian hospitals for NVAF-related AIS. For each patient, clinical and brain computed tomography data were recorded. Type of OAC (vitamin K antagonists, VKAs or Direct Oral Anticoagulants, DOACs), dosage and starting ...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn our study, DOACs appeared to be as efficacious and safe in CKD IV and V as in CKD III. In addition, DOACs appeared to be more effective than, and as safe as warfarin when compared with reference studies of patients with advanced CKD. Our findings support the use of DOACs for thromboembolism prevention in patients with advanced CKD and AF.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
Source: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundLeft atrial appendage closure (LAAC) with LARIAT has emerged as one of the alternatives to oral anticoagulation (OAC) in patients with non ‐valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Our aim was to study long‐term outcomes in patients undergoing LARIAT procedure.MethodsWe analyzed patients screened for LARIAT device in 4 centers between December 2009 and June 2012. Out of these, patients who didn't undergo LAAC with the LARIAT device due to unfavorable LAA morphology and other pre ‐procedural contraindications were included in control group. We analyzed thromboembolism, bleeding events and mortality between...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ‐ CLINICAL Source Type: research
Authors: Gumprecht J, Domek M, Lip GY Abstract Introduction: The non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are changing the landscape for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF) and prevention or treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE). In patients with AF and concomitant acute coronary syndrome (ACS), the treatment regimen of combined NOACs and P2Y12 inhibitors is gaining popularity. Areas covered: The authors conducted a review of studies published in the last 10 years regarding safety evaluation and effectiveness of apixaban for the treatment of AF and ACS, both alone and in combination with d...
Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Drug Saf Source Type: research
Oral anticoagulants are the preferred therapy for the treatment of venous thromboembolism and for stroke prevention among patients with atrial fibrillation. Given their widespread use, clinicians must balance efficacy of anticoagulation with their associated bleeding risks. Specifically, intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is the most feared complication as this form of bleeding has the highest mortality and morbidity. To date, clinical trials suggest a lower incidence of ICH and better safety profile among patients prescribed the direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) compared with traditional vitamin k antagonists (VKAs).
Source: Thrombosis Research - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Oral Communications Source Type: research
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