Correlations between microsatellite instability and the biological behaviour of tumours

ConclusionMSI has the potential to become a key predictor for evaluating the degree of malignancy, efficacy and prognosis of tumours. Clinically, MSI patterns will provide more valuable information for clinicians to create optimal individualized treatment strategies based on frameshift peptides vaccines.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Authors: Roshangar L, Soleimani Rad J, Kheirjou R, Reza Ranjkesh M, Ferdowsi Khosroshahi A Abstract Burn wounds are one of the main causes of skin damage. Based on World Health Organization statistics, almost 300 000 people worldwide die of burns each year. In severe burns, the cells and blood vessels are often injured and the blood supply to the wound is disturbed. Many factors such as oxygenation, infection, aging, hormones, and nutrition potentially can influence burn progression and disrupt repair with unbalanced release of various growth factors and cytokines. Different treatment approaches such as dressings a...
Source: Wounds - Category: General Medicine Tags: Wounds Source Type: research
Conclusions/interpretationWe observed inverse associations between height and risk of type 2 diabetes, which was largely related to leg length among men. The inverse associations may be partly driven by lower liver fat content and a more favourable cardiometabolic profile.
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: Werner H, Sarfstein R, Bruchim I Abstract Introduction: The insulin-like growth factors (IGF) are a family of secreted peptide hormones with important roles in different cellular and organism functions. The biological activities of the IGFs are mediated by the IGF1 receptor (IGF1R), a cell-surface, tyrosine kinase-containing heterotetramer that is linked to numerous cytoplasmic signaling cascades. The IGF1R displays potent anti-apoptotic, pro-survival capacities and plays a key role in malignant transformation. Research has identified the IGF1R as a candidate therapeutic target in cancer.Areas covered: We ...
Source: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Investig Drugs Source Type: research
Authors: Moioli M, Barra F, Maramai M, Valenzano Menada M, Vellone VG, Costantini S, Ferrero S PMID: 31726889 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Investig Drugs Source Type: research
This issue of the BJD has a focus on the effect of sunscreen on vitamin D synthesis. The topic remains a contentious issue in the context of skin cancer prevention and high rates of subnormal vitamin D levels in individuals living in temperate climates. Can sunscreen use prevent sunburn while still allowing adequate vitamin D synthesis? The answer from Young et al. is ‘yes’, with appropriate application of a sun protection factor (SPF) 15 sunscreen during a 1-week beach holiday. The new research data are timely given the findings of two reviews considering vitamin D status and sunscreen application that are als...
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Tags: Editor's Choice Source Type: research
In this study we aimed at identifying kinase inhibitors that inhibit the survival of chondrosarcoma cells and thereby serve as new potential therapeutic strategies to treat chondrosarcoma patients.An siRNA screen targeting 779 different kinases was conducted in JJ012 chondrosarcoma cells in parallel with a compound screen consisting of 273 kinase inhibitors in JJ012, SW1353 and CH2879 chondrosarcoma cell lines. AURKA, CHK1 and PLK1 were identified as most promising targets and validated further in a more comprehensive panel of chondrosarcoma cell lines. Dose response curves were performed using tyrosine kinase inhibitors: ...
Source: Journal of Bone Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionTaken together, circRNAs have potential as biomarkers for the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of non-small cell lung cancer.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Antonio Lucena-Cacace1, Masayuki Umeda1, Lola E. Navas2,3 and Amancio Carnero2,3* 1Department of Cell Growth and Differentiation, Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan 2CIBERONC, ISCIII, Madrid, Spain 3Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla (IBIS), Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío (HUVR), CSIC, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain Glioma Cancer Stem-Like Cells (GSCs) are a small subset of CD133+ cells with self-renewal properties and capable of initiating new tumors contributing to Glioma progression, maintenance, hierarchy, and complexity. GSCs are highly res...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Li Liu, Jiajing Lin and Hongying He* Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Liuzhou Worker’s Hospital, Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Liuzhou, China Background and Objective: Endometrial cancer (EC) is a common gynecological malignancy worldwide. Despite advances in the development of strategies for treating EC, prognosis of the disease remains unsatisfactory, especially for advanced EC. The aim of this study was to identify novel genes that can be used as potential biomarkers for identifying the prognosis of EC and to construct a novel risk stratification using these genes. Me...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
In conclusion, osmotic burst of inflated complement-damaged cells may occur, but these bursts are most likely a consequence of metabolic collapse of the cell rather than the cause of cell death. The Complement Cell Death Mediator: A Concerted Action of Toxic Moieties Membrane pores caused by complement were first visualized by electron microscopy on red blood cell membranes as large ring structures (22). Similar lesions were viewed on E. coli cell walls (23). Over the years, ample information on the fine ultrastructure of the MAC that can activate cell death has been gathered (24) and has been recently further examined (...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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