Physical Self-Concept and its Association with Depressive Symptoms among Gay Men and Lesbian Women and their Heterosexual Counterparts
AbstractThe current study aimed to compare Israeli gay men and lesbian women with their heterosexual counterparts on their physical self-concept (PSC) and to further assess the association between PSC and depressive symptoms as a function of sexual orientation. Gay men (n = 142) were compared with heterosexual men (n = 90), and lesbian women (n = 82) were compared with heterosexual women (n = 214), all of whom who completed measures of PSC and depressive symptoms. Results indicated that gay men reported lower positive PSC in comparison to heterosexual men, whereas no differences emerged between lesbian and heterosexual women on PSC. Also, a stronger negative association was found between PSC and depressive symptoms among gay, in comparison to heterosexual, men whereas no moderation for sexual orientation was found for women. The findings may be explained in terms of the social environment surrounding gay men which places an emphasis on the body and appearance, as well as in terms of gender role socialization and communication regarding the prime role of physical appearance for women, regardless of sexual orientation. The PSC vulnerability that emerges for gay men in our study seems particularly relevant to mental health professionals working with sexual minorities.
DiscussionMCI prevalence varied among Hispanic/Latino backgrounds, but not as widely as reported in the previous studies. CVD risk and depressive symptoms were associated with increased MCI, whereas APOE4 was not, suggesting alternative etiologies for MCI among diverse Hispanics/Latinos. Our findings suggest that mitigating CVD risk factors may offer important pathways to understanding and reducing MCI and possibly dementia among diverse Hispanics/Latinos.
Use this guide to help you talk to your healthcare provider about medicines called antidepressants that can help treat depression. Ask your healthcare provider to tell you about the risks of taking this type of medicine. This guide only covers some of the risks.
ConclusionsCSU has strong negative effects on female sexual function, especially in patients with angioedema. Additional studies on sexual health in patients with CSU are needed and should focus on the impact of effective treatment on sexual functioning.
Publication date: Available online 18 November 2019Source: Journal of Psychiatric ResearchAuthor(s): Sophia C. Gaynor, Eric T. Monson, Marie E. Gaine, Michael S. Chimenti, Rachel D. Reichman, Meredith Parsons, Lalita Oonthonpan, Peter P. Zandi, James B. Potash, Virginia L. WillourAbstractWe previously conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of attempted suicide within bipolar disorder, which implicated common variation in the 2p25 region primarily in males. The top association signal from our GWAS occurred in an intergenic region of 2p25 (p = 5.07 × 10−8) and was supported by two independent st...
ConclusionsCurrent evidence supports a significant association between history of PMS and development of PPD. Well-designed prospective studies are needed to further investigate this relationship.
A single, low-dose ketamine infusion was relatively free of side effects for patients with treatment-resistant depression.
The basic science underlying biological psychiatry came first from animal models. For example, rodent studies established the pathways through which early-life experience and stress impact brain systems involved in anxiety and depression (1). With the advent of modern neuroimaging it became possible to study these systems as they function in healthy humans and in those with psychiatric disorders (2).
This article discusses some of the more commonly encountered mechanical circulation devices seen in ICU patients, including intra-aortic balloon pumps, Impella devices, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation cannulas, and ventricular assist devices. Normal appearance and commonly encountered device-related complications that can be diagnosed on imaging are reviewed. PMID: 31731898 [PubMed - in process]
Alkermes (Nasdaq: ALKS) announced Monday that it would pay $100 million upfront and up to $850 million in milestone payments to acquire Atlas Venture-founded startup Rodin Therapeutics. Through the deal, Alkermes will expand its pipeline outside of psychiatric disorders and acquire drug candidates for Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington’s disease, frontotemporal dementia and depression. Rodin, which launched in 2013 and is based in Boston, began testing its drugs in humans last year, according…
Abstract The physician Rudolf Kronfeld (1901-1940) is undoubtedly one of the pioneering and most influential representatives of modern histopathology and oral pathology. Already at a young age he became a protagonist of the renowned, internationally leading "Vienna School". Kronfeld's outstanding professional significance stands in a peculiar contrast to the research situation to date: His curriculum vitae, but also his family background - and here in particular the fate of his family members in the Third Reich - have received little attention so far. Thus, the present study attempts to shed light on Kro...