Diabetics Have Elevated Risk for Death after Lung TransplantDiabetics Have Elevated Risk for Death after Lung Transplant

A new study shows that patients who undergo lung transplant have a 5-fold increased risk for mortality if they are also diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news

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This study provides a possible reason why genes carrying health risks have persisted in human populations. The second found evidence for multiple variants in genes related to ageing that exhibited antagonistic pleiotropic effects. They found higher risk allele frequencies with large effect sizes for late-onset diseases (relative to early-onset diseases) and an excess of variants with antagonistic effects expressed through early and late life diseases. There also exists other recent tangible evidence of antagonistic pleiotropy in specific human genes. The SPATA31 gene has been found under strong positive genomic sele...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Approximately 30% of patients undergoing heart transplantation (HTx) may have diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2). More importantly, DM2 may become more prevalent after HTx because of high corticosteroid use. Metformin - an oral anti-hypoglycemic drug for DM2- has also been demonstrated to have immunomodulatory effects. It has been reported that metformin may decrease acute and chronic rejection as well as the development of cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV). Therefore, we reviewed our HTx patients placed on metformin pre-HTx and post-HTx to assess potential outcomes and benefits.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: 678 Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, we show that calorie restriction is protective against age-related increases in senescence and microglia activation and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression in an animal model of aging. Further, these protective effects mitigated age-related decline in neuroblast and neuronal production, and enhanced olfactory memory performance, a behavioral index of neurogenesis in the SVZ. Our results support the concept that calorie restriction might be an effective anti-aging intervention in the context of healthy brain aging. Greater Modest Activity in Late Life Correlates with Lower Incidence of Dementia ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, senescent cell distribution and quantity in vastus lateralis muscle were examined in young human adults after a single bout of resistance exercise. To determine the effects of dietary protein availability around exercise on senescent cell quantity and macrophage infiltration of skeletal muscle, two isocaloric protein supplements (14% and 44% in calorie) were ingested before and immediately after an acute bout of resistance exercise, in a counter-balanced crossover fashion. An additional parallel trial was conducted to compare the outcome of muscle mass increment under the same dietary conditions after 12 wee...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, we treated T2DM mice with CM-Dil-labelled UC-MSCs. UC-MSC infusion not only exerted anti-diabetic effects but also alleviated dyslipidemia and improved liver function in T2DM mice. To compare UC-MSC migration between T2DM and normal subjects, a collection of normal mice also received UC-MSC transplantation. UC-MSCs homed to the lung, liver and spleen in both normal and T2DM recipients. Specifically, the spleen harbored the largest number of UC-MSCs. Unlike normal mice, a certain number of UC-MSCs also homed to pancreatic islets in T2DM mice, which suggested that UC-MSC homing may be closely related to tissue...
Source: International Immunopharmacology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Int Immunopharmacol Source Type: research
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and systolic heart failure (HF) often show improved glycemic control and reduced diabetes medication requirements after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. However, LVAD recipients also show increased body mass index (BMI) over time. We sought to determine whether post-LVAD improvements in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) are affected by changes in BMI.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Test your medicine knowledge with the MKSAP challenge, in partnership with the American College of Physicians. A 75-year-old man is seen for routine follow-up for very severe COPD. He has constant dyspnea and air hunger and spends most of the day in a chair. He has had no change in baseline cough and sputum production. He has had multiple COPD exacerbations that required ICU admission and intubation. He has not benefited from pulmonary rehabilitation in the past. He quit smoking 3 years ago. His medical history is also notable for hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and a myocardial infarction 3 years ago. Hi...
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Conditions Palliative Care Pulmonology Source Type: blogs
This study cohort is a healthy subset of the EpiPath cohort, excluding all participants with acute or chronic diseases. With a mediation analysis we examined whether CMV titers may account for immunosenescence observed in ELA. In this study, we have shown that ELA is associated with higher levels of T cell senescence in healthy participants. Not only did we find a higher number of senescent cells (CD57+), these cells also expressed higher levels of CD57, a cell surface marker for senescence, and were more cytotoxic in ELA compared to controls. Control participants with high CMV titers showed a higher number of senes...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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