Bronchoscopic surgery for a solitary tracheal tumor of tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica.
Bronchoscopic surgery for a solitary tracheal tumor of tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica. Ann Thorac Surg. 2019 Oct 10;: Authors: Sakaguchi Y, Matsumoto K, Nishioka K, Iizuka N, Hirayama Y, Kitaoka A, Tanimura K, Takahashi KI, Kato M Abstract Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica is a rare benign condition where multiple cartilaginous or bony submucosal nodules project into the trachea or bronchi. A 71-year-old man complained of cough for 3 months. Computed tomography scanning revealed a calcified tracheal tumor near the tracheal bifurcation. Pulmonary function testing indicated airflow limitation, and bronchoscopic examination confirmed a solitary rigid tumor. Bronchoscopic resection was performed under general anesthesia, and the tumor was detached by cauterizing its stem with high-frequency coagulation. The tumor was pathologically indicative of tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica. After surgery, the clinical signs of cough and dyspnea resolved and pulmonary function normalized. PMID: 31606516 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Condition: Cough Variant Asthma Intervention: Drug: budesonide/formoterol Sponsor: Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University Not yet recruiting
Authors: Wang Z, Wang M, Wen S, Yu L, Xu X Abstract Cough is a normal protective reflex that can effectively remove foreign bodies and secretions from the airway. However, excessive cough adversely affects a patient's physiological, psychological and social functions. Thus, it is important to effectively evaluate the severity of cough to determine its diagnosis and treatment. Cough severity can be assessed with subjective or objective tools. Herein, we summarize the subjective evaluation of cough severity with questionnaires. PMID: 31737324 [PubMed]
Publication date: Available online 18 November 2019Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Z Malihi, Z Wu, CMM Lawes, J Sluyter, D Waayer, L Toop, K-T Khaw, CA Camargo, R ScraggABSTRACTWith increasing numbers of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating potential health events of vitamin D supplementation, a better understanding is required of the risk factors for adverse events and for study withdrawals. This analysis aimed to identify baseline risk factors of reporting an adverse event in a multi-year randomized double-blinded placebo-controlled trial of vitamin D supplementati...
Condition: Tracheobronchomalacia Intervention: Device: nPEP (non-invasive positive expiratory pressure) mask Sponsor: Duke University Not yet recruiting
ConclusionThese results indicate that QWDQW plays a role in suppressing excessive airway reaction and in specific immune modulation in a mouse model of chronic asthma and that QWDQW suppresses mast cell degranulation at defined doses of quercetin, β-carotene and luteolin.Graphical abstract
Researchers also say a hearty achoo can spew forth droplets at speeds of up to 100 mph.
This study explored how health is associated with legislative activity by examining whether outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases, such as measles, mumps, whooping cough and chickenpox, were associated with the introduction of legislation in states to change vaccine exemption laws.
A 74-year-old cis man presented to the emergency department (ED) with a 10-day history of diarrhea, cough, and fevers. The diarrhea began 10 days prior, was characterized by 15-20 watery, non-bloody stools per day, and associated with fevers. In the preceding week, he had developed a non-productive cough, shortness of breath, and pleuritic chest pain. Review of systems was unremarkable.
A 74-year-old woman with a prior history of tobacco use presented with a chronic cough productive of clear sputum. She carried a diagnosis of asthma for the past 20 years but had minimal improvement in symptoms despite treatment with inhaled corticosteroids and long acting beta agonists. Her medical history was remarkable for gastroesophageal reflux disease that resolved after an esophageal fundoplication.
ConclusionOur study indicates RA-ILD among Blacks is predominantly a disease of elderly females with higher rates of GERD and CVD risk factors. Further studies are needed to identify the pathogenetic differences accounting for the gender distribution of RA-ILD among Black and White populations.Key Points•First study to assess ILD among predominantly Black RA patients.•The prevalence of RA-associated ILD was 6.36%, affecting mostly women in their sixth decade with seropositive disease.•COPD was the most common airway disease among non-RA-ILD Black population.•GERD was found in approximately one-third of ...