Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children With Autism

Conclusions:The absence of demographic or clinical predictors of OSA supports using general indications for PSG in children with ASD.Citation:Tomkies A, Johnson RF, Shah G, Caraballo M, Evans P, Mitchell RB. Obstructive sleep apnea in children with autism.J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;15(10):1469–1476.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research

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Abstract The authors have observed that the function linking health outcomes with exposure to particulate-matter (PM) follows a biphasic pattern. It peaks around levels of PM10≤100 μg/m3, then weakens and rises again at PM10 levels in the range of hundreds. This could be due to a different nature of PM, the first peak reflecting a stronger anthropogenic and the second - weaker non-anthropogenic particles' effect. The current analysis is focused at the biphasic pattern on the association between PM levels with BG and asthma exacerbations. Pollutants were assessed by local monitoring stations and a satelliteba...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Hui-Mei Wu, Qiu-Meng Xie, Cui-Cui Zhao, Juan Xu, Xiao-Yun Fan, Guang-He FeiAbstractAimsBoth CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG-ODN) and melatonin have been reported to induce Th1 response and contribute to allergic asthma resistance. Here, we aimed to reveal how they confer such effect as well as whether they crosstalk with each other.Main methodsSix-week-old Female C57BL/6 mice were challenged by OVA to induce allergic airway inflammation, and were treated with CpG-ODN, CpG-ODN plus Luzindole or melatonin respectively. Bronchoalveolar lavage flu...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
We examined US sensitivity for diagnosis of HCC in obese patients. Methods: Liver transplant patients data with HCC in explant was used (January 2012-December 2017). All patients underwent liver US within 3 months of diagnosis of HCC. Number/size of HCC lesions were extracted from radiologic and pathologic reports. Obesity was defined as BMI ≥30 kg/m2. Results: One hundred sixteen patients were included. 80% were male, with mean BMI of 31 kg/m2. The most common underlying liver disease was hepatitis C virus (62%). At the time of diagnosis, median number of HCC lesions was 2 (interquartile range [IQR], 1-3), and ...
Source: Clinical and molecular hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Clin Mol Hepatol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Journal of Health EconomicsAuthor(s): Joan Costa-Font, Sarah FlecheAbstractWe show that sleep deprivation exerts strong negative effects on mothers’ labour market performance. To isolate variations in maternal sleep, we exploit unique variations in child sleep disruption using a UK panel dataset that follows mother-child pairs through time. We find that sleeping one hour less per night on average significantly decreases maternal labour force participation, the number of hours worked and household income. We identify one mechanism driving the effects, namely t...
Source: Journal of Health Economics - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe presence of dysphagia in patients with moderate to severe apnea is frequent and subclinical, reinforcing the need to investigate this symptom in this group of patients. However, the presence of dysphagia did not result in worsening in patients' quality of life, suggesting that, although frequent, its effect is mild. There was no relevance regarding the association of clinical and polysomnographic parameters with the presence of dysphagia.ResumoIntroduçãoExistem evidências de que o trauma ocasionado pelo ronco na faringe poderia ocasionar disfagia em pacientes com apneia obstrutiva do sono...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionsTaken together, these results illustrate a new model in which Purβ functions to regulate the glucagon/ADCY6/cAMP/PKA/CREB signaling pathway to help maintain glucose homeostasis.Graphical abstract
Source: Molecular Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsLack of ALX/FPR2 induced obesity, reduced the lifespan, amplified leukocyte dysfunction, and facilitated profound inter-organ non-resolving inflammation. Our study shows the integrative and indispensable role of ALX/FPR2 in lipid metabolism, cardiac inflammation-resolution processes, obesogenic aging, and renal homeostasis.
Source: Molecular Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical AnalysisAuthor(s): Saurabh B. Ganorkar, Yvan Vander Heyden, Atul A. Shirkhedkar, Deepak K Lokwani, Dinesh M. Dhumal, Preeti S. BobadeAbstractThe obligatory testing of drug molecules and their impurities to protect users against toxic compounds seems to provide interesting opportunities for new drug discovery. Impurities, which proved to be non-toxic, may be explored for their own therapeutic potential and thus be a part of future drug discovery. The essential role of pharmaceutical analysis can thus be extended to achieve th...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Here we discuss the major implications of these findings for the association between microorganisms and cancer, and also between some immune pathologies, like autoimmune diseases, and cancer.
Source: Current Cancer Therapy Reviews - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We describe the potential benefits of existing asthma and COPD therapies in treating ACO patients, and the value of a “treatable traits” approach to ACO management. Throughout the review, we highlight some of the pressing, unanswered questions surrounding ACO that are relevant to the clinical community. Ultimately, addressing these questions is necessary if we are to improve clinical outcomes for this complex and heterogenous patient population.
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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