Rural Poverty Is Still a Scar on the Soul of Colombia, but a New Program Supporting Agri-Entrepreneurship Can Help Heal the Wounds

The objectives for entrepreneurship include an alliance to enhance the development and productivity of rural Colombia, promoting a productive transformation with more innovation, increased labour and business formalization, and better public goods and services. Framed within this overall response, the Ministry of Agriculture, in collaboration with the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), has launched a new program, “El Campo Emprende” [Rural areas are enterprising], that benefits small producers, indigenous peoples, Afro-descendant communities, female heads of household, young people, and in general vulnerable families in the rural sector of the country, promoting economic ventures to reduce extreme poverty. Beneficiaries of El Campo Emprende in Santiago de Quilichao, Cauca, presenting details of their Association for textile manufacturing. Credit: J. Quintana/IFAD El Campo Emprende, with a total cost of US$ 70 million over six years, assists more than 36 000 families living in 134 rural municipalities of 20 departments, including the worst affected areas by the armed conflict, where trust and social capital have been destroyed, basic services are scarce, and where vulnerability is high. The program seeks to strengthen associative processes around productive initiatives – agricultural production, handicrafts, tourism, green businesses and other rural services carried out by poor rural families, promoting and financing the creation of rura...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Aid Armed Conflicts Crime & Justice Economy & Trade Featured Food & Agriculture Gender Headlines Health Human Rights Indigenous Rights Inequity Labour Latin America & the Caribbean Peace Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nati Source Type: news

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This study assessed whether the endemic status of this disease was stable or instable, which is important for disease control efforts. For this aim, 4115 sheep blood samples were collected from 81 cities in the seven geographical regions of Turkey. The diagnosis of Babesia ovis was made using microscopic and serological techniques. Thin blood smears were prepared from anticoagulated venous blood. Serum samples were screened for specific antibodies using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT). Recombinant Babesia ovis secreted antigen 1 (rBoSA1) was used in the ELISA. The ...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Rebecca Peters, Mario StevensonAbstractZika virus (ZIKV) captured mass public attention in 2014–16 due to its potentially devastating teratogenic effects in unborn babies. Although recent years show a decline in disease activity as ZIKV settles into endemic New World cycles, the significant challenges that originally complicated its diagnosis remain, and linkages to foetal microcephaly make safe, accurate, and timely detection especially important. The present chapter seeks to define current direct and indirect immunological d...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Linden Endemic issues of sustainability in the water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) sector have led to the rapid expansion of ‘system approaches’ for assessing the multitude of interconnected factors that affect WASH outcomes. However, the sector lacks a systematic analysis and characterization of the knowledge base for systems approaches, in particular how and where they are being implemented and what outcomes have resulted from their application. To address this need, we conducted a wide-ranging systematic literature review of systems approaches for WASH across peer-reviewed, grey, and organiza...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
AbstractBrucellosis is a zoonosis mainly present in developing countries. The WHO reports 500,000 new cases every year. From 2012 to 2016, 13,677 cases were reported in Mexico, with 2.00 to 2.64 rate per 100,000 inhabitants. To analyze the diagnostic algorithm of brucellosis in Mexico, we compared the commercial laboratory tests ELISA, Brucellacapt ®, and lateral flow test (LFT) in a study of 473 individuals from two endemic Mexican populations. All patients were treated in first-level medical units for presenting brucellosis compatible symptoms and without a history of the disease. Clinical-epidemiological information...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The amotosalen/UVA PR system inactivated high titers of infectious YFV-17D in PC. This PR technology could reduce the risk of YFV TTI and help secure PC supplies in areas experiencing YFV outbreaks where massive vaccination campaigns are required. PMID: 31957887 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Transfusion - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Transfusion Source Type: research
eacute;ter Kertész Anett Kepner Máté Martina Tamás Süli Zsófia Lanszki Gábor Endre Tóth Anett Kuczmog Balázs Somogyi Ferenc Jakab Gábor Kemenesi The West Nile virus is endemic in multiple European countries and responsible for several epidemics throughout the European region. Its evolution into local or even widespread epidemics is driven by multiple factors from genetic diversification of the virus to environmental conditions. The year of 2018 was characterized by an extraordinary increase in human and animal cases in the Central-Eas...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research
Authors: Lizardo K, Ayyappan JP, Ganapathi U, Dutra WO, Qiu Y, Weiss LM, Nagajyothi JF Abstract Chagas disease is caused by Trypanosoma cruzi which is endemic in Latin America. T. cruzi infection results in a latent infection with approximately a third of latently infected patients developing chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCM). CCM is a common cause of cardiomyopathy in endemic regions and has a poor prognosis compared to other cardiomyopathies. The factors responsible for the transition from the asymptomatic indeterminate latent stage of infection to CCM are poorly understood. Our previous studies demonstrated th...
Source: Disease Markers - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Dis Markers Source Type: research
Authors: Bronswijk M, Van Gool S Abstract A 50-year-old patient was admitted to our department after developing severe abdominal cramps, watery diarrhea and fever, during four days whilst travelling abroad. Imaging identified a mass in the ascending colon with simultaneous liver lesions. Initially a diagnosis of metastatic colorectal cancer was suggested, however colonoscopy showed a large lesion with a central ulcer and surrounding inflammation in the ascending colon. Biopsies confirmed our clinical suspicion of amoebic colitis, complicated by development of an amoeboma and simultaneous liver abscesses. Amoeboma f...
Source: Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Acta Gastroenterol Belg Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2020Source: Parasitology InternationalAuthor(s): Toshihiro Tokiwa, Hisashi Yoshimura, Keiko Ito, Shyun Chou, Masami YamamotoAbstractThere is limited knowledge about parasites of the endangered Ryukyu long-furred rat, Diplothrix legata (Murinae, Rodentia) endemic to Okinawa, Tokunoshima, and Amami-Oshima Islands in Japan. In the present study, postmortem histopathological examination of an individual found on Amami-Oshima Island revealed a mixed helminth infection of Calodium hepaticum, Hydatigera taeniaeformis, and Angiostrongylus cantonensis. These helminths are considered non...
Source: Parasitology International - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
This study examines violence-related cranial trauma frequencies and wound characteristics in the pre-Hispanic cemetery of Uraca in the lower Majes Valley, Arequipa, Peru, dating to the pre- and early-Wari periods (200-750  CE). Cranial wounds ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news
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