Investigating curcumin potential for diabetes cell therapy, in vitro and in vivo study

Publication date: Available online 11 October 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Mohammad Amin Javidi, Ayat Kaeidi, Seyedeh Sahar Mortazavi Farsani, Sadegh Babashah, Majid SadeghizadehAbstractAimsAn important obstacle on the way of cell-based therapy is the risk of tumorigenicity in the patients benefit from these transplanted cells due to undifferentiated cells which participate in transplantation. Curcumin, the main compound of spice turmeric -as one of the natural products-was demonstrated to possess effective anti-cancer properties, with no significant effect on normal cells in dose and/or time-dependent manner. Furthermore many studies have been accomplished using curcumin for diabetes treatment. Therefore in this study we examined the efficacy of IPCs treated with curcumin in vivo.Main methodsDifferentiation efficiency investigated by flowcytometry. RNA extraction and real-time PCR performed for important genes in IPC differentiation and tumorigenesis including Insulin, Nestin, Ngn3, Pdx1, P21, and P53. Finally we investigated the efficiency of these differentiated and treated cells in diabetic rats.Key findingsOur data indicates that nanocurcumin -in a specific dose-reduces the expression of Nestin with no significant effect on insulin expression in mRNA and protein level. Besides blood glucose level of diabetic rats which treated with DNC + cells, decreased from average 350 (mg/dI) to 100 (mg/dI). Checking out the pancreases of these rats, demonstrated that...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research

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Alessandro Poggi1*, Roberto Benelli2, Roberta Venè1, Delfina Costa1, Nicoletta Ferrari1, Francesca Tosetti1 and Maria Raffaella Zocchi3 1Molecular Oncology and Angiogenesis Unit, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genoa, Italy 2Immunology Unit, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genoa, Italy 3Division of Immunology, Transplantation and Infectious Diseases, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy It is well established that natural killer (NK) cells are involved in both innate and adaptive immunity. Indeed, they can recognize molecules induced at the cell surface by stress signals ...
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