Impact of implementation of a modified World Health Organization multimodal hand hygiene strategy in a university teaching hospital

Publication date: Available online 7 October 2019Source: American Journal of Infection ControlAuthor(s): Reham H.A. Yousef, Marwa Rashad Salem, Ahmed Taher MahmoudBackgroundAlthough educational programs could enhance knowledge, practices, and compliance with hand hygiene (HH) for health care workers, the researches focusing on effective methods for educating and increasing the compliance with HH practices are scanty. Consequently, the researchers conducted the present study to assess HH-related knowledge, attitude, and compliance rate after the implementation of a modified version of the World Health Organization (WHO) multimodal strategy was written in the background.MethodsA pretest–posttest quasiexperimental study was conducted in a university hospital in Cairo among 84 nurses. The study consisted of 4 phases: baseline assessment, intervention, postintervention assessment, and follow-up phase. The intervention (HH-campaign) consisted of 4 components: infrastructure change, training/education of health care workers, posting visual reminders, and development of institutional safety climate “hand hygiene champions.”ResultsHH compliance rate significantly increased from 28% before the intervention to 50% after the intervention and 58% after the follow-up period (P
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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ConclusionWithin the limitations of the study, GBR with or without autogenous block graft may be an effective approach in augmenting horizontally deficient mandibular or maxillary ridges, before the placement of dental implants. However, more complications may be seen with the use of an autogenous block graft related to the donor sites.
Source: Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Carbohydrate PolymersAuthor(s): Hossein Rahmani, Seyed Heydar Mahmoudi Najafi, Alireza Ashori, Marzieh Arab Fashapoyeh, Farzaneh Aziz Mohseni, Sara TorkamanAbstractIn this research, biocomposite films containing chitosan (CS), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP), with different ratios, have been provided. The effects of adding hexamethylene 1, 6-di(aminocarboxysulfonate) (HMDACS) as cross linker and the formation of urea linkage on mechanical properties such as tensile strength and elongation and dynamic-mechanical properties such as storage mod...
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Abstract Mixtures containing two polymers, chitosan (Ch) and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) as well as mixtures with addition of an ionic liquid (IL) 1-butyl-3-methyl-imidazolium chloride (BMIM+Cl-) were prepared via casting from aqueous solutions. The morphology, mechanical and surface properties of Ch/PVA mixture films were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), contact angle measurements and tensile tests. Rheological studies were performed via solutions of pure polymers and their mixtures with and withou...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research
ConclusionsOlder males who were regular alcohol drinkers were associated with intestinal anisakiasis, and often heart rate, total protein, and CRP were elevated compared to those of patients with gastric anisakiasis.
Source: Parasitology International - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Objectives The current study aimed to examine the cross-sectional association between shift work and gastritis using endoscopic evaluation. Methods We collected questionnaire data from 964 non-shift workers and 290 shift workers aged 22–40 years at an electronics company, comprising age, smoking status, alcohol consumption, physical activity, occupational stress, and gastrointestinal symptoms. We performed a gastroendoscopy of par ticipants. Along with describing the gastroendoscopic results, we analyzed the correlations between gastritis and shift work using multiple logistic regression analysis. Results In terms...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research
A behavioral brain fad called “dopamine fasting” (#dopaminefasting) has been floating around the internet for the past year. The idea is that by restricting most of your pleasurable daily activities — from social media, to watching videos, gaming, talking, or even eating — you can “reset” your brain. The idea also plays into people’s simplistic beliefs about how the brain works. Can you have conscious control over discrete dopamine levels in your brain? Let’s delve into the science behind one of your brain’s most important neurotransmitters, dopamine. During a “d...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Brain and Behavior General Mental Health and Wellness Motivation and Inspiration Psychology Research dopamine fasting Neuroscience Neurotransmitter social media Technology unplug Source Type: blogs
Abstract Objectives The current study aimed to examine the cross-sectional association between shift work and gastritis using endoscopic evaluation. Methods We collected questionnaire data from 964 non-shift workers and 290 shift workers aged 22-40 years at an electronics company, comprising age, smoking status, alcohol consumption, physical activity, occupational stress, and gastrointestinal symptoms. We performed a gastroendoscopy of participants. Along with describing the gastroendoscopic results, we analyzed the correlations between gastritis and shift work using multiple logistic regression analysis. Results ...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - Category: Occupational Health Authors: Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research
ConclusionThe magnitude of change across combinations of scan parameters is within acceptable clinical range, rendering liver stiffness through MRE a reproducible quantitative imaging biomarker. A lower reproducibility was observed for measurements under different field strengths/MRE sequences at a longer (2  weeks) interscan interval. Operators should be trained to acquire region of interest consistently in repeat examinations.
Source: Abdominal Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Growth mindsets of alcoholism appear adaptive for college graduate heavy drinkers with a stronger drinking identity. Mindsets are amenable to interventions; targeting them may be useful in heavy drinking college graduates. PMID: 31709565 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
In conclusion, all extracts and petroleum ether extracts of the two plants have great potential to be developed as a novel acaricidal for controlling eggs and nymphs ofH. dromedarii, respectively.
Source: Journal of Parasitic Diseases - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
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