Nonpharmacologic Interventions to Prevent or Mitigate Adverse Long-Term Outcomes Among ICU Survivors: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis*

Conclusions: There is thin evidence that diaries and exercise programs have a positive effective on mental outcomes. Despite outcomes favoring the intervention group, other commonly used nonpharmacologic interventions in daily ICU practice are not supported by conclusive evidence from this meta-analysis. To improve recovery programs for ICU survivors, more evidence is needed from robust intervention studies using standardized outcomes.
Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

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This study examines associations between adolescent problem behaviors and adolescent-parent disagreement in ratings of adolescent depression and anxiety symptoms. Adolescent-parent dyads (N = 463; mean age = 12.68 years; 48.5% female; 78.2% White and 21.8%...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Conclusions: EA treatment can decrease the expression of hypothalamic CRF and CRF-R1, relieve anxiety and depression, meanwhile reduce the expression of CRF-R1 in the gastrointestinal mucosa, increase ZO-1 expression, and adjust tight junctions (TJs) to repair the intestinal mucosal barrier. The above roles suggest that EA may play a dual role in alleviating the gastrointestinal and psychological symptoms of IBS, suggesting a potentially dual therapeutic role for EA in regulating disorders of gut-brain interaction in IBS rats. PMID: 31737064 [PubMed]
Source: Gastroenterology Research and Practice - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gastroenterol Res Pract Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 November 2019Source: Brain, Behavior, and ImmunityAuthor(s): Cheryl F. Harding, Carolyn L. Pytte, Kimberly G. Page, Kelly J. Ryberg, Edna Normand, Gregory J. Remigio, Richard A. DeStefano, David B. Morris, Julia Voronina, Ariel Lopez, Lauren A. Stalbow, Erin P. Williams, ohely AbreuAbstractIndividuals living or working in moldy buildings complain of a variety of health problems including pain, fatigue, increased anxiety, depression, and cognitive deficits. The ability of mold to cause such symptoms is controversial since no published research has examined the effects of controlled mold...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 November 2019Source: Neurochemistry InternationalAuthor(s): Suwarna Chakraborty, Sunil Jamuna Tripathi, B.N. Srikumar, T.R. Raju, B.S. Shankaranarayana RaoAbstractDepression is highly comorbid with anxiety disorders and associated with profound cognitive impairment. Moreover, cognitive deficits associated with hippocampal dysfunction are central in depression and anxiety disorders. Furthermore, depression is accompanied by glutamatergic dysfunction which can further impair the functioning of the hippocampus. Recent studies have shown that N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), a glutamate modulator ...
Source: Neurochemistry International - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Patients presenting to an emergency room with complaints of suicidal thoughts may experience relief from these thoughts within 90 minutes of a single, low-dose infusion of ketamine, suggests asmall study inDepression&Anxiety.While previous studies have demonstrated the potential of ketamine to reduce suicidal thoughts in patients with depression (including this2017 paper published in theAmerican Journal of Psychiatry), this new study examined the effectiveness of a low-dose infusion administered in an emergency department. “A single infusion of ketamine, administered in the emergency department, is a safe and fea...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: blood pressure depression dissociative effects emergency department ketamine suicide Yoav Domany Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Improving the rates of, and instruments used in, screening for perinatal depression and anxiety among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women are important public health priorities. The Kimberley Mum's Mood Scale (KMMS) was developed and la...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news
Intimate partner violence (IPV) among married women of childbearing age can significantly enhance their risk of adverse health outcomes such as injury and disability, depression and anxiety, unwanted pregnancies, premature labor, complications with deliver...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: The Turkish version of the Neck Bournemouth Questionnaire is valid and reliable. Key Words: Health related quality of life, disability, chronic neck pain. PMID: 31731331 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Turk J Med Sci Source Type: research
Chronic back pain (CBP) is a major global health problem, while its treatment is hampered by a lack of efficacy and restricted safety profile of common frontline therapies. The present trial aims to determine whether a 3-week open-label placebo treatment reduces pain intensity and subjective and objective functional disability in patients with CBP. This randomized controlled trial, following a pretest–posttest design, enrolled 127 patients with CBP (pain duration>12 weeks) from the Back Pain Center, Neurology, University Hospital Essen, Germany. Patients randomized to the open-label placebo group received a 3-week...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Rates of anxiety and depression are increasing among children and young people. Recent policies have focused on primary prevention of mental disorders in children and young people, with schools at the forefront of implementation. There is limit...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
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