Anabolism to Catabolism: Serologic Clues to Nutritional Status in Heart Failure

AbstractPurpose of ReviewMalnutrition, sarcopenia, and cachexia are areas of increasing interest in the management of patients with heart failure (HF). This review aims to examine the serological markers useful in guiding the physician in identification of these patients.Recent FindingsTraditional nutritional biomarkers including albumin/prealbumin, iron, and vitamin D deficiencies predict poor prognosis in malnutrition and HF. Novel biomarkers including ghrelin, myostatin, C-terminal agrin fragment, and adiponectin have been identified as possible substrates and/or therapeutic targets in cardiac patients with sarcopenia and cachexia, though clinical trial data is limited to date.SummaryIncreased focus on nutritional deficiency syndromes in heart failure has led to the use of established markers of malnutrition as well as the identification of novel biomarkers in the management of these patients, though to date, their usage has been confined to the academic domain and further research is required to establish their role in the clinical setting.
Source: Current Heart Failure Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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Abstract Atrial fibrillation is a common type of arrhythmia and is an important cause of stroke and heart failure. vitamin D is an emerging risk factor of AF, and is implicated in the pathophysiology of atrial fibrillation. It has been established that this vitamin is extensively involved in the regulation of both the renin angiotensin aldosterone system and the immune system. Epidemiological studies have not yet reached a consensus on the possible association between vitamin D deficiency and atrial fibrillation. Better research designs and methods can further clarify the relationship between the two.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
In conclusion, high-dose NR induces the onset of WAT dysfunction, which may in part explain the deterioration of metabolic health. Towards a Rigorous Definition of Cellular Senescence https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/11/towards-a-rigorous-definition-of-cellular-senescence/ The accumulation of lingering senescent cells is a significant cause of aging, disrupting tissue function and generating chronic inflammation throughout the body. Even while the first senolytic drugs capable of selectively destroying these cells already exist, and while a number of biotech companies are working on the productio...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 18 September 2019Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Francesca L Crowe, Rasiah Thayakaran, Neil Gittoes, Martin Hewison, G Neil Thomas, Robert Scragg, Krishnarajah NirantharakumarAbstractBackgroundThere is increasing evidence that vitamin D supplementation may only be beneficial in people with vitamin D deficiency, and the lack of sufficient people with very low vitamin D levels could explain the lack of protection against cardiovascular disease (CVD) reported in recent clinical trials of vitamin D supplementation. The aim of this study was to asses...
Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Purpose of review The last decade's progress has been made in the pharmacological treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The role of nutrition in relation to quality of life in this group of patients is not investigated yet. In addition to avoiding salt and high-fluid intake based on left heart failure diet, there is no evidence-based diet recommendation for PAH. Recent findings It was recently demonstrated that patients with PAH suffer from malnutrition resulting in iron and vitamin D deficiency and glucose/insulin resistance. Recent experimental studies suggest that besides reduced malabsorption of impo...
Source: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: DISORDERS OF THE PULMONARY CIRCULATION: Edited by Richard Channick and Anton Vonk Noordegraaf Source Type: research
Authors: Saxena G, Khera P, Jain D Abstract Introduction: Disorders of mineral and bone metabolism in chronic kidney disease (CKD) are associated with increased risk for cardiovascular calcification and osteoporosis. Anemia has been associated with progressive loss of kidney function and increased mortality. Ferric citrate was recently developed, primarily as a novel oral, non-calcium phosphate binder, which has also shown to replenish the iron deficient state of the CKD patients. Material and methods: This prospective study was done on 40 pre-dialysis adult patients of CKD (stage 3-5) from a tertiary care cent...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
AbstractHeart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) presents as the severest phenotype on the spectrum of HF. Although great progress has been made with respect to its treatment over the past 3 decades, morbidity and mortality remain high, posing a big burden on human health. Recent evidence suggests vitamin D has a critical role in maintaining heart health through activation of the vitamin D receptor expressed in cardiomyocytes, and vitamin D deficiency may be implicated in the pathophysiology of HFrEF through activation of the renin-angiotensin system, impaired calcium handling, exaggerated inflammation, se...
Source: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our study shows that free vitamin D serum concentrations are independently associated with major cardiovascular events in chronic kidney disease patients on dialysis.Kidney Blood Press Res
Source: Kidney and Blood Pressure Research - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionVitamin D is classically involved in maintaining bone and mineral health, but it has been shown to exert many extraskeletal functions, including pleiotropic effects on cardiovascular system.Materials and methodThis review aims to summarize evidences in literature about vitamin D and cardiovascular outcome.Results and conclusionsCalcitriol or 1,25(OH)2D, the active hormone, binds to the specific nuclear receptor VDR, which is expressed in rat and human heart and vasculature and has effects on myocardiocytes, smooth cells, and endothelial cells. 25-Hydroxy-vitamin D (25OHD) represents the biomarker of vit...
Source: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency in rats mimics high fat high fructose ‚Äźinduced metabolic syndrome and cardiac dysfunction. This study demonstrates that vitamin D deficiency is an independent risk factor for heart failure, at least in part, through induction of myocardial insulin resistance.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
Source: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
DiscussionAs detailed above, the “elements” in both a classical and a contemporary sense have effects on our mental health and are potentially modifiable aspects that can be harnessed as therapeutic interventions. The most robust interventional evidence currently available shows tentative support for several use of the elements via horticultural and nature-exposure therapy, green exercise/physical activity, sauna and heat therapy, balneotherapy, and breathing exercises. It should be noted that, in many cases, these interventions were not studied in definitive diagnosed psychiatric disorders and thus it is prema...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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