Non-pharmacological interventions for cognitive difficulties in ADHD: A systematic review and meta-analysis

This study highlights the positive effect of psychological interventions on ADHD cognitive symptomology and supports the inclusion of non-pharmacological interventions in conjunction with the commonly used pharmacological treatments.
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: This case report suggests that health and wellness coaching can be effective in supporting beneficial outcomes and can be useful in the multimodal management of ADHD. PMID: 31710834 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Permanente journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Perm J Source Type: research
The fate of a local company ’s treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is now in regulators’ hands. Supernus Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: SUPN) has submitted its application to the Food and Drug Administration to take its ADHD drug to market, the company announced Monday. If granted, that could mean gettin g the treatment to patients in the second half of 2020. Supernus has put the product candidate through a handful of phase 3 clinical trials, to study its ability to reduce ADHD…
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines - Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Source Type: news
In conclusion, our meta-analysis showed that there was no statistically significant difference in blood zinc and hair zinc levels between ADHD children and adolescents compared with healthy children and adolescents. PMID: 31704595 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
Widening definitions of health conditions have the potential to affect millions of people and should only occur when there is strong evidence of benefit. In the last version of the Diagnostic and Statistical M...
Source: BMC Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 November 2019Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Alessio Bellato, Iti Arora, Chris Hollis, Madeleine J. GroomAbstractAlthough arousal mechanisms have frequently been found to be atypical in ADHD, these findings usually emerged from indirect behavioural measures which give only a limited understanding of arousal dysregulation in this condition. To assess the hypothesis that functioning of the autonomic nervous system (ANS), one component of arousal, is atypical in ADHD, we carried out a systematic review of the literature on 55 studies investigating electro-dermal,...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. In childhood ADHD has an estimated prevalence rate of 5 –7% (American Psychiatric Association, 2013; Polanczyk, de Lima, Horta, Biederman,&Rohde, 2007; Thomas, Sanders, Doust, Beller,&Glasziou, 2015; Willcutt, 2012); during the transition to adolescence a significant reduction of clinical manifestations is usually observed. Males are more often involved, with a gender ratio of 2:1 in clinical samples and 4:1 in population samples (American Psychiatric Association, 2013;...
Source: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we proposed a dynamical systems perspective to assess how the DMN over time recruits different configurations of network segregation and integration. Specifically, we were interested in configurations for which both intra- and inter-network connections are retained, as opposed to commonly used methods which assess network segregation as a single measure. From resting-state fMRI data, we extracted three different stable configurations of FC patterns for the DMN, namely synergies. We provided evidence supporting our hypothesis that ADHD differs compared to controls, both in terms of recruitment rate and topolo...
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 November 2019Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Yan Zeng, Ying Tang, Yan Yue, Wenxing Li, Xia Qiu, Peng Hu, Jun Tang, Huiqing Wang, Xiaoyan Yang, Yi Qu, Dezhi MuAbstractWe conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the association between parental diabetes mellitus and the risk of ADHD in offspring. The PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases were searched from inception to May 31, 2019. Thirteen observational studies containing 5,052,736 participants were included. Two reviewers independently extracted data and assessed the quality...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Few if any experts believe that existing psychiatric diagnostic categories included in the DSM/ICD are actually discrete disease entities. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is emblematic of the problems in the existing psychiatric classification system. ADHD symptoms reliably cluster into two correlated dimensions in factor analysis. However, children with ADHD vary considerably in their symptom profiles, symptom trajectories, clinical outcomes, and biological and psychological correlates.
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
While there are a number of drugs to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), they can have some pretty serious side effects. Researchers in Singapore at the country’s Institute of Mental Health (IMH), Duke-NUS (National Universit...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Neurology Pediatrics Psychiatry Source Type: blogs
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