Histogram analysis of DCE-MRI for chemoradiotherapy response evaluation in locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

ConclusionsThe histogram parameters ofKtrans are useful in the assessment and prediction of the chemoradiotherapy response in patients with advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. DCE-MRI could serve as an adjunctive imaging technique for treatment planning.
Source: La Radiologia Medica - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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Jung-Hyun Shim Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a poor prognostic cancer with a low five-year survival rate. Echinatin (Ech) is a retrochalone from licorice. It has been used as a herbal medicine due to its anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects. However, its anticancer activity or underlying mechanism has not been elucidated yet. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the anti-tumor activity of Ech on ESCC by inducing ROS and ER stress dependent apoptosis. Ech inhibited ESCC cell growth in anchorage-dependent and independent analysis. Treatment with Ech induced G2/M phase of cell cyc...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In this study, we confirmed the inhibition of proliferation by CGA in ESCC cells, as well as the reduction of ESCC xenograft volume by CGA in vivo. In addition, CGA also suppressed both the migration and invasion of ESCC cells in vitro. In a carcinogen-induced murine model of ESCC, hyperplasia of the esophagus was slowed by CGA, while mice suffering from ESCC that were treated with CGA had longer survival times than mice in the control group. The measurement of pluripotency factors (BMI1, SOX2, OCT4 and Nanog) that are related to poor prognosis revealed reduced expression of both BMI1 and SOX2, but not of OCT4 or Nanog, in...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Guha M, Srinivasan S, Sheehan MM, Kijima T, Ruthel G, Whelan K, Tanaka K, Klein-Szanto A, Chandramouleeswaran PM, Nakagawa H, Avadhani NG Abstract Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is an aggressive cancer with late-stage detection and poor prognosis. This emphasizes the need to identify new markers for early diagnosis and treatment. Altered mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) content in primary tumors correlates with poor patient prognosis. Here we used three-dimensional (3D) organoids of esophageal epithelial cells (EECs) from the MPV17-/- mouse model of mtDNA depletion to investigate the contribution of...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
Cancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals, Ahead of Print.
Source: Cancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 November 2019Source: Cancer GeneticsAuthor(s): Qian Wang, Han Liu, Zihao Liu, Lili Yang, Jian Zhou, Handong Sun, Xiufeng CaoAbstractCircular RNAs (circRNAs), resulting from the non-canonical splicing of linear pre-mRNAs, have permanently altered our perspectives toward cancer recently, especially in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. However, the roles of circRNAs in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remain largely unknown. In the current study, circRNAs expression profiles are screened in ESCC, using plasma samples from 10 ESCC patients, including different TNM stages and 5...
Source: Cancer Genetics - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, deep-proteome and phosphoproteome analysis reveal a comprehensive mechanism that contributes to atorvastatin's anti-tumor effect. PMID: 31697643 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Aging - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Aging (Albany NY) Source Type: research
Source: Cancer Management and Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Cancer Management and Research Source Type: research
Esophageal carcinoma (EC) is one of the most common malignant tumors worldwide, of which, 90% are esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) [1]. The incidence of ESCC in China accounts for more than 70% of the world and is characterized by its remarkable geographic distribution and high-risk areas especially in Henan province [2]. Despite the recent advances in treatment, the benefit of all kinds of treatments is not satisfactory and the prognosis of patients with ESCC is still poor with the 5-year overall survival rate ranging from 20% to 30% [3].
Source: Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Source Type: research
British Journal of Cancer, Published online: 06 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41416-019-0623-2Post-neoadjuvant cellular dissociation grading based on tumour budding and cell nest size is associated with therapy response and survival in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma
Source: British Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Hamilton Whelan Esophageal cancer is among the most aggressive forms of human malignancy with five-year survival rates of <20%. Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved catabolic process that degrades and recycles damaged organelles and misfolded proteins to maintain cellular homeostasis. While alterations in autophagy have been associated with carcinogenesis across tissues, cell type- and context-dependent roles for autophagy have been reported. Herein, we review the current knowledge related to autophagy in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), the two most common ...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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