Medical News Today: Most common 3 STDs on the rise, according to CDC report

A new CDC report outlines recent increases in chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis cases in the US. The report asks why, and outlines what should be done.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Sexual Health / STDs Source Type: news

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Authors: Lederman E, Blackwell A, Tomkus G, Rios M, Stephen B, Rivera A, Farabaugh P Abstract OBJECTIVES: Correctional settings (prisons, jails, detention facilities) provide a unique opportunity to screen for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among correctional populations with a high prevalence of infection. Immigrant detainees are a distinct and poorly described correctional population. The main objective of this study was to determine the feasibility of a national STI screening program for immigrant detainees. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We developed an opt-out STI testing program that included electronic h...
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research
Conclusions We describe a 24% curable STI prevalence among women at risk for HIV exposure who were planning for pregnancy. These data highlight the importance of integrating laboratory-based STI screening into safer conception programs to maximize the health of HIV-affected women, children, and families.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Notes Source Type: research
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are considered epidemics in the United States. Research on the association between STIs and HIV infectiousness and susceptibility has shown that STIs promote HIV acquisition and transmission via mucosal inflammation and ulceration caused by viral or bacterial pathogens. Some of the most common STIs associated with HIV are chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and herpes simplex virus type 2. STIs are a major cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly if diagnosis or treatment is delayed. Prevention and treatment of both HIV and STIs is essentia...
Source: Nursing Clinics of North America - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research
Current United States guidelines recommend that clinicians offer HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to women with gonorrhea or syphilis. We estimated HIV incidence among women following a syphilis, gonorrhea, or chlamydia diagnosis among women in King County, WA using surveillance data from 2008 to 2018. Among women with diagnosed with gonorrhea and among women diagnosed with chlamydia the estimated HIV incidence rates were 0.06 and 0.02 per 100 person years, respectively. No women reported with syphilis were diagnosed with HIV.
Source: AIDS - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Research Letter Source Type: research
Conclusions: Quarterly STI screening among MSM on PrEP could prevent a substantial number of partners from being exposed to asymptomatic STIs, and decrease transmission.
Source: AIDS - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: CLINICAL SCIENCE: CONCISE COMMUNICATION Source Type: research
Authors: D'Aiuto C, Valderrama A, Byrns M, Boucoiran I Abstract OBJECTIVES: To analyze risk factors for the presence of sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBIs) in pregnancy and to determine whether pregnant women with STBBIs are more likely to experience adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study involved analyzing the electronic records of 3460 pregnant women followed at Sainte-Justine Hospital in Montréal, Québec, between March 2017 and January 2019. An outcome is defined as a pregnancy where the woman has at least one positive laboratory result for chl...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Can Source Type: research
Authors: Boiko I, Akimova V, Mazur L, Savchenko I, Kohut I, Krynytska I Abstract Gonorrhea is the second most common sexually transmitted infection spreading worldwide and a serious public health problem. However, further data are required to improve the management of gonorrhea. Our aim was to review the features of gonococcal infection and characterize the challenges of its management. A retrospective descriptive study of the medical records of 136 adult patients with gonorrhea that visited Ternopil Regional Sexually Transmitted Infections Clinic (Ukraine) in 2013-2018 was performed. The male-to-female ratio was 6...
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research
Conclusions The STI/HIV testing among patients with HRSB could improve. It is important for patients identified as HRSB to get tested and continue testing patients based on recommendations.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Original Study Source Type: research
Today, about 1.1 million people in the US are living with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). Every year, almost 40,000 people are diagnosed with HIV. A diagnosis of HIV was once presumed to be fatal, and many lived in fear of transmitting the virus to others. This contributed to decades of stigma for those living with HIV. What is the U=U campaign? U=U means “undetectable equals untransmittable.” More specifically, it means that people living with HIV who have an undetectable level of virus in their blood due to treatment are unable to transmit the virus to others. The U=U campaign hopes to spread awareness th...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Adolescent health Infectious diseases Men's Health Sex Women's Health Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: Healthcare providers and facilities should be made aware of demographic and contextual characteristics that can impact treatment seeking behavior among individuals with STIs, especially among youth, females, and rural residents.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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