News Headline Shows How Misinformation About Respiratory Disease Outbreak is Spreading

The featured headline of a newsarticle published yesterday (theNorth Jersey Record) was: " Vaping with JUUL Damaged NJ Woman's Lungs, Left Her Hospitalized. "The headline of the article itself read: "'My Lungs Were Chemically Burned': NJ Victim Speaks Out Against Vaping. "These headlines certainly give the impression that this unfortunate 21-year-old woman developed acute respiratory failure due to her use of JUUL.If true, this would be an absolute disaster because there are an estimated 7 million JUUL users.This is no doubt going to contribute to the public's belief that electronic cigarettes sold at retail stores, not tainted THC vape carts sold mostly on the black market, are responsible for the terrible respiratory disease outbreak that has now affected nearly 1,300 people and caused 26 deaths.The first paragraph of the story reinforces the impression that JUUL was the cause of this woman's respiratory failure: " [She] started smoking cigarettes when she was 17 or 18, she said. Hoping to find a “safer alternative” — one that wouldn’t leave a smell — she picked up a Juul, a popular electronic cigarette device, and began vaping. "The Rest of the StoryIt isn't until you get to the fine print that you found out the following:" [She] began using vaping devices more and more, eventually taking hits almost every 10 minutes, she said. She first had other people purchase her vapes, and she began buy...
Source: The Rest of the Story: Tobacco News Analysis and Commentary - Category: Addiction Source Type: blogs

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Authors: Bleibtreu A, Bertine M, Bertin C, Houhou-Fidouh N, Visseaux B Abstract Since the first case of human infection by the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in Saudi Arabia in June 2012, more than 2260 cases of confirmed MERS-CoV infection and 803 related deaths have been reported since the 16th of October 2018. The vast majority of these cases (71%) were reported in Saudi Arabia but the epidemic has now spread to 27 countries and has not ceased 6 years later, unlike SARS-CoV that disappeared a little less than 2 years after emerging. Due to the high fatality rate ...
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research
Samoa declared a state of emergency this weekend, closing all schools and cracking down on public gatherings, after several deaths linked to a measles outbreak that has spread across the Pacific islands.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: International Journal of PharmaceuticsAuthor(s): Prabhjot Kaur, Vijay Singh Gondil, Sanjay ChhibberAbstractThe emergence of antibiotic-resistant pathogens has made the treatment of infected burn wounds even more problematical than the pre-antibiotic era. Phage therapy is now being considered a promising treatment options to fight against antibiotic resistant pathogens. Hence, we introduce a novel PVA-SA hydrogel based wound dressing system for topical delivery of bacteriophages and antibiotic to treat infected burn injuries. Hydrogel membrane provides wound healing...
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Androgen receptor pathway targeting in advanced breast cancer remains a valid option with reasonable clinical benefit in non-selected patients. Future studies are needed to define an AR addicted cohort with better responses and outcome.
Source: Current Cancer Therapy Reviews - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract Addiction in patients with cancer is not well described. Patients with substance use disorders (SUDs) and cancer experience worse outcomes; however, no guidelines exist for identifying and successfully managing these issues in oncology. With the goal to improve patient safety and outcomes, an interprofessional work group at a major academic cancer hospital initiated a trial screening process for identifying substance abuse issues in an oncology population. Simultaneously, guidelines for patients with cancer and SUDs were created. PMID: 31730608 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Clin J Oncol Nurs Source Type: research
In conclusion, morphine administration during adolescence induced persistent changes in negative affect and brain toxicity selectively in male rats, suggesting female rats were resilient to these harmful effects. Given the widespread availability and use of opiate-based painkillers, the interplay between addiction, analgesia and emotional behaviors, and since adolescents and young adult humans are the age group with the highest abuse potential, these results add to the current literature by reporting distinct sex-specific opioid actions when administered in adolescence.
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
We present a data processing method for HSI remission spectra based on a five-layer model of perfused tissue that generates perfusion parameters for every layer and presents them as depth profiles. The modeling of the radiation transport and the solution of the inverse problem are based on familiar approximations, but use partially heuristic methods for efficiency and to fulfill practical clinical requirements. Results: The parameter determination process is consistent, as the measured spectrum is practically completely reproducible by the modeling sequence; in other words, the whole spectral information is transformed int...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Heera Jayan, Hongbin Pu, Da-Wen SunAbstractBackgroundMicrobial contamination is an increasing concern in the food industry. In order to understand the effect of microorganisms, the study of their characteristics and behavior in various platforms is of prime importance. Over the years, time-consuming and labor-intensive, culture-based enumeration techniques have become obsolete for real-time applications, and increasing concerns on foodborne outbreaks necessitate rapid, on-site and sensitive methods for the detection ...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of pulsed light (PL) treatment, a novel antimicrobial (LAPEN) wash and combinations thereof in inactivating Salmonella on stem scars of cherry tomato. The treatment effects on background microbiota and sensory quality was also investigated while in storage for 21 days at 10 °C. Three serotypes of Salmonella enterica were chosen to prepare inoculum for the current investigation for their link with tomato and produce outbreaks. Stem scars of tomato were spot inoculated before being treated with PL (1–63 J/cm2), LAPEN sanitizer (2 min) or combinatio...
Source: Food Control - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Authors: Gatti M, Raschi E, De Ponti F Abstract BACKGROUND: The management of Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase producing (KPC) infections represents a major challenge. Several safety and efficacy concerns are shared by available antibiotics used in KPC infections, leading to the occurrence of serious adverse drug reactions (ADRs), with ceftazidime-avibactam possibly showing a more favourable risk-benefit profile. We investigated the potential impact of resistance on ADR reports in countries with different prevalence of KPC isolates (Italy vs. United Kingdom [UK]), and described safety profile of newer and older ...
Source: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: BMC Pharmacol Toxicol Source Type: research
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