Chapter Ten - Exercise and substance abuse

Publication date: 2019Source: International Review of Neurobiology, Volume 147Author(s): Li Zhang, Ti-Fei YuanAbstractExercise intervention has long been used as one adjunctive treatment for drug abuse. Both animal studies and human trials suggest that exercise training effectively prevents addiction formation, suppresses drug-seeking behaviors, and ceases addictions. Moreover, exercise improves both mental and cognitive deficits that commonly occur during drug withdrawal. Those observations are supported by neurobiological studies in which exercise training modulates several neural networks including the dopaminergic reward system, and regulates neurogenesis and spinogenesis that affect cognitive behaviors and mental health. In sum, exercise training is a safe and effective way to relieve substance abuse, although both intervention guideline and biomarkers warrants further investigation.
Source: International Review of Neurobiology - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

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Source: Substance Abuse - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
This article includes references to self-injury, intravenous drug use and disordered eating.* One in five US high school students have reported being bullied. Approximately 160,000 teenagers have skipped school as a preventative measure. I encountered bullies for the first time in second grade, in the midst of such an innocent time of my youth. I dreaded entering my elementary school classroom, as I was well aware of what my presence would entail. I endured both verbal and physical harassment from my fellow peers for nearly a decade. I was passive, inevitably leading to the acceptance of my “fate,” in addition ...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Addictions Anorexia Bullying Depression Eating Disorders Personal Stories Substance Abuse Addiction Recovery Anorexia Nervosa Drug Use heroin Self Harm Self Injury Source Type: news
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Source: Substance Abuse - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
Most people know about the damaging effects that binge drinking can bring to someone’s life. Loss of enjoyment of life, losing family relationships, financial and career struggles, homelessness, and legal consequences are just the tip of the iceberg. However, it can be more difficult to realize the long-term effect of binge drinking on the body, because you cannot always see it. Frequent binge drinking poses many dangerous health risks, and many of them can lead to death. Facts on Long-Term Effect of Binge Drinking on the Body For men, binge drinking is defined as consuming five or more drinks within about two hour...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Alcohol Rehab Information Alcoholism alcohol abuse alcohol dependence alcohol treatment alcohol treatment center binge binge drinking Source Type: blogs
With all the advances in modern medicine, it can be easy to wonder if there is a medication to stop drinking. Unfortunately, getting sober from alcohol isn’t as easy as simply taking medication. In addition to medication, therapy is required for the best long-term results, as well as support from loved ones and ongoing aftercare. However, there are some medications to help along in the process to stop withdrawal symptoms, block cravings, and create an aversion to alcohol. It is important to not rely only on medication to stop drinking. A commitment to behavioral therapy, holistic therapy, family involvement, self-ca...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Alcohol Rehab Information Alcoholism Detox Resources for Alcohol and Drugs/Opiates alcohol abuse alcohol dependence alcohol detox alcohol treatment alcohol treatment center alcohol treatment facility Source Type: blogs
Alcohol is a toxic substance that can wreak havoc on the body, brain, central nervous system, internal organs, behavior patterns, emotions, and more. Long-term alcohol abuse can lead to serious damage to the body which, in some cases, can be irreversible and lead to certain chronic conditions. Detoxing from alcohol can present its own set of dangerous withdrawal symptoms and, as such, it is important to know what you need when you are ready to safely detoxify alcohol from your system. Preparation to Detoxify Alcohol When you’re ready to detoxify alcohol from your system, it is important that you and your loved ones ...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Alcohol Rehab Information Alcoholism Detox Resources for Alcohol and Drugs/Opiates alcohol abuse alcohol dependence alcohol detox alcohol treatment alcohol treatment center alcohol treatment facility alcohol use Source Type: blogs
The last man that used the words “I love you” used them to control me.  He used them by not saying it back, ever, when I said it.  He used them by smugly making me say it when he wanted to hear it.  He used them by only ever saying them himself when I would work up the strength to try to end things.   He used them to make me feel bad when I didn’t “behave” how he wanted me to.  He used them to convince me of a false future that he had no intention of ever providing.  The words “I love you” meant absolutely nothing. They were alternately a crowba...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Addictions Codependence Narcissism Personal Stories Relationships & Love Addiction Recovery Alcoholism Breakups Emotional Abuse Substance Abuse Source Type: news
Conclusion: This systematic review highlights the shortage of knowledge on the effectiveness of pharmacological treatment within forensic psychiatry. Due to very few studies being available in this setting, as well as limitations in their execution and reporting, it is challenging to overview the outcomes of pharmacological interventions in this context. The frequent use of antipsychotics, sometimes in combination with other pharmacological agents, in this complex and heterogeneous patient group, calls for high-quality studies performed in this specific setting.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Background: Adequate access for mental illness and substance use disorder (SUD) treatment, particularly for Medicaid enrollees, is challenging. Policy efforts, including the Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA), have targeted expanded access to care. With MHPAEA, more Medicaid plans were required to increase their coverage of SUD treatment, which may impact provider acceptance of Medicaid. Objectives: To identify changes in Medicaid acceptance by SUD treatment facilities after the implementation of MHPAEA (parity). Research Design: Observational study using an interrupted time series design. Subj...
Source: Medical Care - Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
This study aimed to determine if patients with dual diagnosis (DD) are especially prone to have more clinical and neurocognitive deficits than addictive patients without psychiatric comorbidity. A cross-sectional study was designed to examine the clinical and neuropsychological profile of women with alcohol dependence (AD). The sample comprised of 178 AD patients and was divided into two groups defined by the presence versus absence of DD. DD-AD patients showed higher severity of the clinical pattern of alcohol consumption compared with AD patients. Increased risk of DD was associated with impaired subjective need for alco...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
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