A Comparative Study of TAVR versus SAVR in Moderate and High-Risk Surgical Patients: Hospital Outcome and Midterm Results.

CONCLUSION: In this study, we could not detect an advantage in survival when SAVR or TAVR were utilized in intermediate to high surgical risk patients needing aortic valve replacement for severe aortic stenosis. PMID: 31596707 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Heart Surgery Forum - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Heart Surg Forum Source Type: research

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Study Design. Retrospective cohort study. Objective. Compare a novel two-step algorithm for indicating a computed tomography angiography (CTA) in the setting of a cervical spine fracture with established gold standard criteria. Summary of Background Data. As CTA permits the rapid detection of blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVI), screening criteria for its use have broadened. However, more recent work warns of the potential for the overdiagnosis of BCVI, which must be considered with the adoption of broad criteria. Methods. A novel two-step metric for indicating CTA screening was compared with the American Coll...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: DIAGNOSTICS Source Type: research
Conclusion. Patients with higher BMI had lower preoperative PROMIS PF scores and experienced similar improvement in PROMIS PF scores in the postoperative period. This study established that PROMIS PF may be utilized to evaluate the recovery of obese patients following MIS TLIF. Level of Evidence: 3
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: OUTCOMES Source Type: research
This study aimed to provide more insight on the influence of sex on EVT outcome.Stroke
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery Journal Article Source Type: news
Finding the'missing'people walking around with undiagnosed type 2 diabetes, estimated at around 1 in 70 of the population, will require screening, but the question is how, say experts.Medscape News UK
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news
TYPE 1 and type 2 diabetes are two well established conditions that affect a person ’s blood sugar control. But another type of diabetes, type 1.5 diabetes, is beginning to gain traction - what is it, and are you at risk?
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Source: Digestive Diseases and Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Objective: To examine the association between hearing impairment and cognitive decline and to identify possible risk factors for presbycusis. Study Design: Cross-sectional survey in prospective cohort study. Setting: University hospital. Patients: A total of 322 participants aged>60 years, for whom all the below data were available, were enrolled in the study. There were 168 females and 154 males with a median age of 71 years (range: 60–89 yrs). Interventions: PROST (Project in Sado for Total Health), a medical database in Sado island Japan, was analyzed. Main Outcome Measures: Data on pure-tone a...
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS AND TINNITUS Source Type: research
Hypertension is possibly the most powerful, modifiable risk factor for the development of heart failure. Chronic hypertension drives cardiac remodeling within the left ventricle resulting in hypertensive heart disease, which ultimately manifests as heart failure. Early detection and appropriate management are necessary to prevent heart failure as well as other cardiovascular diseases. Achieving blood pressure goals in conjunction with using evidence-based treatments can improve clinical outcomes for patients with comorbid hypertension and heart failure.
Source: Heart Failure Clinics - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
This article explores the relationship between AF and HF and the thromboembolic effect of these diseases. Morbidity and mortality are increased when the 2 conditions are seen together. Stroke risks are significant with AF and all subtypes of HF. This article suggests that all patients with AF and HF should be considered for anticoagulation. Current evidence suggests that non –vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants are effective and safe in AF and HF in comparison with warfarin.
Source: Heart Failure Clinics - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) often complicates chronic left-sided heart failure, with a remarkable impact on quality of life, exercise capacity, and survival. PH in chronic left-sided heart failure (PH-LHD) is not only caused by backward transmission of pressures but also involves impairment of atrial function, inflammation, and vasoconstriction. Once the left atrium loses its reservoir capacity, usually pulmonary vascular resistances increase. Right atrial dilation commonly represents the first sign of PH-LHD, before right ventricle dilatation and systolic dysfunction develop, leading to right heart insufficiency, and ulti...
Source: Heart Failure Clinics - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
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