Medical News Today: Thyroid cancer: New test could reduce unnecessary diagnostic surgeries

A new test that looks for a chemical fingerprint of thyroid cancer in fine needle aspiration samples may improve the accuracy of preoperative diagnosis.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Head and Neck Cancer Source Type: news

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ConclusionThe risk of malignancy of FFTIs handled in our HNC fast track program is 24%.
Source: World Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
We report a unique case of nodal MCC in head and neck lesions with an unknown primary. A 70-year-old woman was admitted to our department with a right submandibular mass. Fine needle aspiration biopsy was performed and indicated malignancy. F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) demonstrated abnormal accumulation in the right submandibular lymph node, right palatine tonsil, and right thyroid gland. For diagnostics and treatment, bilateral selective neck lymph node dissection, right tonsillectomy, and right thyroidectomy were performed. Histopathological examination revealed that most parts of the subman...
Source: Acta Med Okayama - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Yonago Acta Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: We have assessed the quality of preoperative FNA cytology in head and neck tumors. To avoid misdiagnosis by FNA, it is important that the target tumor is punctured accurately. If the specimen obtained is too small, FNA should be repeated. PMID: 30557076 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Postgrad Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: The prognosis of STMs basically depends on the anatomic sites and histological types of primary cancers, and thyroidectomy may be considered for patients with isolated metastases.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
To date, no single molecular marker has been demonstrated as clinically useful in differentiating malignant from benign thyroid nodules when a fine needle aspiration falls in the “unknown significance” categor...
Source: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Original research article Source Type: research
Conclusion: Fine-needle aspiration is a useful procedure in the diagnosis of neck masses. It is a cheap and easy guiding method for diagnosing granulomatous lymphadenitis and advanced-stage metastatic cancers, which are common in this country.Acta Cytologica
Source: Acta Cytologica - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
ConclusionThyroid nodules discovered incidentally are increasing the diagnosis of subclinical thyroid cancers. Not investigated previously, our study found that the mode of detection was not related to malignancy or surgery.
Source: Head and Neck - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Abstract BackgroundThe ultrasound risk stratification system of the American Thyroid Association (ATA) is frequently adopted in clinical practice. Here, we evaluated its performance in a series of nodules with indeterminate fine‐needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) report. MethodsIndeterminate thyroid nodules diagnosed at 2 medical centers were retrospectively screened, ultrasound images were reevaluated, and lesions were classified according to the ATA. Single ultrasound parameters were also analyzed. ResultsOne hundred seventy‐three indeterminate lesions were included with 24.8% of malignancy. The high suspicion class s...
Source: Head and Neck - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Abstract Although several thyroid associations have published various guidelines, controversies especially in cases of micropapillary thyroid cancer (MPTC) still exist. This survey was designed to collect information about diagnostic tests and treatments performed on patients with MPTC and help identify current trends in thyroid surgery. We developed questionnaires about the management methods for MPTC, which were used to identify factors related to indications of fine needle aspiration (FNA), type of surgery, and central lymph node dissection (CLND). Active 60 members of the Korean Society of Thyroid-Head and Neck Surg...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
ConclusionEnigma may serve as an oncoprotein marker, identifying benign from malignant thyroid tissue on FNA. Enigma may have a role in carcinogenesis of thyroid cancer independent of tissue calcification, possibly in relation to interaction with BMP‐1.
Source: Head and Neck - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
More News: Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Chemistry | Fine Needle Aspiration | Head and Neck Cancer | Health | Thyroid | Thyroid Cancer