Protecting children's rights: why governments must be bold to tackle childhood obesity

Publication date: Available online 10 October 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Oliver T Mytton, Claire Fenton-Glynn, Emma Pawson, Russell M Viner, Sally C Davies
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

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Effect of Body Weight Change on Blood Pressure in a Japanese General Population with a Body Mass Index ≥ 22 kg/m2. Int Heart J. 2019 Nov 15;: Authors: Itoh H, Kaneko H, Kiriyama H, Nakanishi K, Mizuno Y, Daimon M, Morita H, Yamamichi N, Komuro I Abstract The association between changes in body weight and blood pressure (BP) in overweight people in the general population still remains unclear. We sought to clarify the effect of body weight change on BP using a community-based cohort. We studied 1,170 overweight subjects with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 22 kg/m2 who underwent health check-ups. Among ...
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Heart J Source Type: research
The objective of this study is the generation of descriptive data on the mode of delivery and on maternal and foetal complications in the case of foetal macrosomia. The causes and consequences of foetal macrosomia as well as the rate of shoulder dystocia are examined in relation to the severity of the macrosomia. Patients The study investigated all singleton births ≥ 37 + 0 weeks of pregnancy with a birth weight ≥ 4000 g at the Charité University Medicine Berlin (Campus Mitte 2001 - 2017, Campus Virchow Klinikum 2014 - 2017). Results 2277 consecutive newborns (birth w...
Source: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde - Category: OBGYN Tags: Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd Source Type: research
Authors: Weschenfelder F, Lehmann T, Schleussner E, Groten T Abstract Introduction The birth of a large for gestational age (LGA) infant is a significant risk factor for birth complications and maternal morbidity and an even higher risk factor for offspring obesity, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease in later life. Relevant factors affecting the risk of delivering an LGA infant are maternal pre-gravid obesity, excessive gestational weight gain exceeding the recommendations of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and diabetes in pregnancy. We aimed to determine what matters most in terms of the risk of fetal o...
Source: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde - Category: OBGYN Tags: Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd Source Type: research
Authors: Brodowski L, Büter W, Kohls F, Hillemanns P, von Kaisenberg C, Dammann O Abstract Maternal overweight and obesity are prenatal risk factors for obstetrical complications, preterm birth, neonatal morbidity as well as cognitive and behavioural developmental disorders in children. Paediatric morbidity and mortality as well as child development disorders are significantly associated with maternal obesity. Particularly in the neurodevelopmental and psychiatric area, it is becoming increasingly clear that, in children of mothers with an increased body mass index (BMI), there is a high correlation with child...
Source: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde - Category: OBGYN Tags: Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd Source Type: research
Julian M. Gait án, Natalie Z.M. Eichner, Nicole M. Gilbertson, Emily M. Heiston, Arthur Weltman, Steven K. Malin
Source: Journal of Sports Science and Medicine - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
Conditions:   Prostate Cancer;   Obesity Intervention:   Procedure: Robotic Radical Prostatectomy Sponsors:   Imperial College London;   Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust;   Experimental Cancer Medicine Centres Recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Condition:   Obese or Overweight Subjects With Comorbidities Interventions:   Drug: HM15136;   Drug: Placebo Sponsor:   Hanmi Pharmaceutical Company Limited Recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Publication date: December 2019Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Volume 30, Issue 12Author(s): Susan K. Seo, Zivile Gedrimaite, Deborah Fleischer, Nina Cohen, Elena Petre, Karen T. Brown, Anne CoveyAbstractPurposeTo assess the infection rate after eliminating postprocedural antibiotics in patients undergoing hepatic artery embolization (HAE) for primary and secondary hepatic malignancies.Material and MethodsIn this historical cohort study, adults ≥18 years of age without prior biliary instrumentation or bypass who underwent HAE and received pre- and postprocedure antibiotic prophylaxis between Se...
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 November 2019Source: The Journal of Foot and Ankle SurgeryAuthor(s): Ali A. Malik, Elaine Grant, Joshua RhodenizerAbstractThe isolated talonavicular joint arthrodesis can be beneficial to correct midfoot deformities involving the talonavicular joint, including collapsing pes planovalgus. Studies show that isolated talonavicular arthrodesis has a higher nonunion rate because of micromotion; thus, other procedures should be used in conjunction with it. We sought to determine if adding an adjunctive medial calcaneal displacement osteotomy helps to reduce the ground reactive force and, the...
Source: The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe fast-food and refined grains/poultry dietary patterns were associated with high prevalence of CVD risk factors among Kuwaiti adults. The current findings underscore the need for prospective studies to further explore dietary pattern and CVD risk factor relationships among at-risk Kuwait adults.
Source: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
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