Wild Bonelli’s eagles (Aquila fasciata) as carrier of antimicrobial resistant Salmonella and Campylobacter in Eastern Spain

Publication date: Available online 10 October 2019Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious DiseasesAuthor(s): Bárbara Martín-Maldonado, Laura Montoro-Dasi, Maria Teresa Pérez-Gracia, Jaume Jordá, Santiago Vega, Francisco Marco-Jiménez, Clara MarinAbstractWild birds have repeatedly been found to be involved in the dissemination of enteric bacterial pathogens in the environment. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of Salmonella and Campylobacter as well as the antimicrobial resistance in wild Bonelli’s eagles nestlings in Eastern Spain. In addition, we compared the efficiency of two sampling methods (fresh faecal samples from nest and cloacal swabs from nestlings) for detection of both bacteria. A total of 28 nests with 45 nestlings were analysed. In the nest, Salmonella occurrence was 61 ± 9.2%, while Campylobacter occurrence was 11 ± 5.8% (p 
Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Our study indicates that the application of chemical additives in cell lysis can improve the solubility of reteplase. Further studies are still required to understand the exact mechanism of chemical additives as a chemical chaperone during cell lysis. PMID: 31737582 [PubMed]
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Adv Biomed Res Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2020Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 108Author(s): Piotr M. Skowron, Natalia Krawczun, Joanna Zebrowska, Daria Krefft, Olga Zołnierkiewicz, Marta Bielawa, Joanna Jezewska-Frackowiak, Lukasz Janus, Malgorzata Witkowska, Malgorzata Palczewska, Adriana Schumacher, Anna Wardowska, Milena Deptula, Artur Czupryn, Piotr Mucha, Arkadiusz Piotrowski, Pawel Sachadyn, Sylwia Rodziewicz-Motowidlo, Michal Pikula, Agnieszka Zylicz-StachulaAbstractA DNA fragment amplification/expression technology for the production of new generation biomaterials for scientific, industrial and biomedical appli...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
ménez F, Marin C Abstract Wild birds have repeatedly been found to be involved in the dissemination of enteric bacterial pathogens in the environment. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of Salmonella and Campylobacter as well as the antimicrobial resistance in wild Bonelli's eagles nestlings in Eastern Spain. In addition, we compared the efficiency of two sampling methods (fresh faecal samples from nest and cloacal swabs from nestlings) for detection of both bacteria. A total of 28 nests with 45 nestlings were analysed. In the nest, Salmonella occurrence was 61 ± 9.2%...
Source: Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases. - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis Source Type: research
Conclusion Genomic analyses herein performed allowed us to confirm the recently (Pérez-Cataluña et al., 2018a,b) suggested amendment of A. butzleri as Al. butzlerii, comb. nov. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests defined Ab 55 and Ab 6V strains as resistant to vancomycin, tetracyclin, nalidixic acid (only Ab 55 whereas Ab 6V is intermediate resistant), erythromycin, and β-lactam antibiotics. Moreover, in our strains isolated from shellfish, we identified numerous virulence, antibiotic, and heavy metal resistance determinants, also additional to those previously found in the genome sequenced A. butzleri ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, association rule mining is an effective tool for identifying patterns of multidrug resistance within antimicrobial susceptibility testing data and evaluating the statistical and biological significance of the patterns. Rule quality measures used to sort and differentiate rules should be tested using resampling procedures to minimize the false discovery rate. Rule mining identified consistent multidrug resistance patterns involving beta-lactams, sulfisoxazole, tetracycline, gentamicin, and streptomycin in E. coli isolated from chicken carcasses and meat between 2004 and 2012. The generally low rule overlap su...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusion The present results demonstrated that Chilean salmon farms play an important role as reservoirs of sulfonamide- and trimethoprim-resistant bacteria. The prevalence of conjugative plasmids and integrons among sul-carrying bacteria suggests these bacteria, mainly belonging to the Pseudomonas genus may contribute to high spread of bacterial resistance to sulfonamides and other antibacterials in environments associated with Chilean salmon farms. This is the first study reporting the occurrence of transferable sul and dfr genes and integrons among the antimicrobial resistant bacteria associated with Chilean salmonid...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe rise in antimicrobial resistance is an urgent public health threat which, in the absence of intervention, may result in a post-antibiotic era limiting the effectiveness of antibiotics to treat both common and serious infections. Globalization and human migration have profoundly contributed to the spread of drug-resistant bacteria. In this review, we summarize the recent literature on the importance of travelers in the spread of drug-resistant bacterial organisms. Our goal was to describe the importance of travel on a variety of clinically relevant drug-resistant bacterial organisms including ex...
Source: Current Infectious Disease Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Author Affiliations open 1Public Health Institute, Oakland, California, USA 2Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA 3Instituto de Microbiologia, Colegio de Ciencias Biologicas y Ambientales, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito, Ecuador 4Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA 5Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA 6Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA PDF Version (176 KB) Abstract ...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Brief Communication Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that Romania urgently needs an integrated surveillance system within the entire chain, for drug-resistant pathogens isolated from poultry meat.
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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