Diabetic Retinopathy May Indicate an Increased Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes —A Nested Case-Control Study in Brazil

Conclusion: The presence of diabetic retinopathy indicates a greater risk for cardiovascular disease in Brazilian patients with type 1 diabetes. Further studies are warranted to determine whether a noninvasive exam, such as fundoscopy, could help identify patients who show an increased risk for cardiovascular disease.
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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AbstractCardiovascular disease (CVD) is a life-limiting comorbidity in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In childhood, imaging studies have demonstrated early phenotypic characteristics including increases in left ventricular mass, carotid artery intima-media thickness, and pulse wave velocity, which occur even in young children with early stages of CKD. Vascular calcifications are the signature of an advanced phenotype and are mainly found in adolescents and young adults treated with dialysis. Association studies have provided valuable information regarding the significance of a multitude of risk factors in prom...
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundEnteral feeding by tube in chronic kidney disease (CKD) before 2 years of age improves growth. Whether it is effective after this age is unknown. We assessed whether height and weight SDS changed after tube feeding was started in children with CKD above 2 years of age.MethodsRetrospective study of pre-transplant, pre-pubertal children (
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
This study discusses the construction of devices for the production of psychosocial care, which are based on the proposal of Gaining Autonomy&Medication Management in Primary Health Units in S ão Paulo, where groups were formed based on co-management and sharing of experiences, formed by psychiatric medication users. Workers moderated these groups and attended weekly support workshops for 15 months. This process has given visibility to a complex problematic condition in which the increas ing mass prescription of psychiatric drugs over the years in primary care and the concentration of health responsibility on me...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
This article shares an experience of institutional support for a group of workers of a municipality of Regi ão dos Lagos, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in the period 2011-2014. This experience is the result of the intervention research that implemented and validated the Gaining Autonomy&Medication Management device at the Casar ão da Saúde Psychosocial Care Center, in the municipality of São Pedro da Aldeia. The research stimulated the creation of a forum of workers of the Psychosocial Care Network (Raps) which works as a permanent space for negotiations and collective care of the experience of ca...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
The objective of this research is to measure their quality of life and to understand the needs and expectations of African refugee families in relation to health. The study was performed in two moments: a quantitative and a qualitative one. Participants responded to the WHOQOL-Bref quality of life scale. A sample family was extracted to compose the structural genogram and to participate in a semi-structured interview with a guiding question. The quantitative analysis was done by descriptive statistics and the discourses obtained were evaluated by the content analysis proposed by Laurence Bardin. Results showed, in the 0 to...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
This article analyzes the perceptions of community leaders and/or residents of a poor neighborhood in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, regarding the State ’ s action in FNS. The methodology combined conceptual maps and focus group that were implemented in two different moments (2014 and 2016, respectively) of a participatory action research. Results highlight, at both times, the distance of local actors regarding FNS policies. At the beginning of the action research, perceptions on FNS emphasized individuals ’ responsibility, showing the unawareness on the human right to food. Two years later, narratives of the focus g...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Resumo A pesquisa analisou a viol ência e o sofrimento social em uma escola de Porto Alegre (RS) a partir do discurso de professores, buscando compreender como a violência tem feito parte das relações no contexto escolar. Trata-se de estudo de caso qualitativo realizado por meio de 23 entrevistas individuais semiestruturadas e g rupo focal com professoras, contextualizados a partir de observação participante na escola e na comunidade ao longo de um ano. A análise temática de conteúdo resultou em dois eixos analíticos: “ Macroviol ência: repercu...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
This study aims to analyze the sociocultural context related to this event: the lynching of a mentally ill woman. Traditional anthropology research methods were utilized, among them ethnographic observation and in-depth interviews with Morrinhos ’ inhabitants. The data analysis allowed us to point out that violence is vividly present there and is directly related to everyday conflicts and social disputes of all possible contexts in the neighborhood - especially those manifested through violence against the mentally ill. The spreading of those rumors is frequent in Morrinhos and has an important role in maintaining a ...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
This study has shown that they are interrelated and embedded in practical field, comprising the need to: questioning the object of psychiatry, reflect on the articulation between institutional apparatuses that maintain segregation and custody of deviants; identify power relations and refuse the social mandate of workers; operate dialectically with contradictions in daily practices of substitutive services; and to sustain institution ’ s openness to the multiplicity of modes of expression and interaction, being critical and keeping attention to closing moments. It must be emphasized that it is by practical action that...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Resumo Este trabalho teve como objetivo analisar os enunciados do programa de promo ção da saúde “ Movimento 21 dias por uma vida mais saud ável ” (M21), vinculado à Secretaria de Estado da Saúde do Espírito Santo. Para realizar tal proposta, investigamos, no período de setembro de 2015 a junho de 2017, os materiais disponíveis no site do programa, como notícias, textos, imagens, vídeos e peças publicitárias, dando ênfase aos elementos mais recorrent es. Nosso escopo de análise foi baseado no aporte foucaulti...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
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