Researchers Went Through High Schoolers ’ Trash to Find Out Which Tobacco Products They’re Using. Here’s What They Found
The National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYTS) is perhaps the most conventional way to learn which tobacco products young people are using. But researchers working with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found a more creative method: going through high schoolers’ trash. From July 2018 to April 2019, researchers conducted a “garbology” study of 12 California public high schools, according to field notes published Thursday by the CDC. They scoured the parking lots and perimeters of the schools, searching for discarded e-cigarettes, tobacco cigarettes and marijuana products, in hopes of both learning what kids are using—and what they’re throwing away. In total, they found about 170 e-cigarette waste products, mostly at higher-income high schools. The majority were either nicotine pods and caps made by market-leading company Juul, or by other brands that work in Juul vaporizers. Ninety-nine percent of identifiable caps indicated flavors other than tobacco, such as mint and mango. Kids are widely thought to be attracted to flavored tobacco products, recently leading the Trump administration, and several states, to push forward plans to pull flavored e-cigarettes from the market. Last fall, Juul voluntarily stopped selling all but mint, menthol and tobacco flavors in most stores. If anything, the researchers’ findings may be an underestimate of e-cigarette use in high schools. (And, of course, it’s impossible to prove that high...
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2019Source: American Journal of Infection ControlAuthor(s): Kristen Pogreba-Brown, Erika Austhof, Katherine EllingsonThe case–case study design is a potentially useful tool for infection preventionists during outbreak or cluster investigations. This column clarifies terminology related to case–case, case–control, and case-case-control study designs. Examples of practical applications of the case–case study design include determining risk factors for health care–onset versus community-onset infections, or antibiotic-resistant versus antibiotic-susceptible infections.
This study investigated the vector competence of Italian populations of Culicoides imicola and Culicoides obsoletus/scoticus to some representative BTV strains after artificial oral infection. The BTV strains were selected according to their ability to spread to one or both episystems and included BTV-4 ITA, responsible of the recent Italian and French BTV-4 outbreaks; the BTV-2 strain which caused the first BTV incursion in Italy, Corsica, and Balearic Islands; BTV-4 MOR, responsible for the epidemic in Morocco; and BTV-8, the strain which spread through Europe between 2006 and 2008. Blood-soaked cotton pledgets and Hemot...
The relapses are a disturbing new development in the ongoing national outbreak that has spread to every state except Alaska.
U.S. health officials said on Friday there may be more than one cause behind the nationwide outbreak of serious lung illnesses linked to vaping, and that they have not yet seen a meaningful drop in new cases.
pharmacist, New England Compounding Center, NECC, Boston MA, fungal meningitis, national outbreak, Kathy S. Chin, Canton MA, Michelle L. Thomas, Cumberland RI, defraud, mislead, government regulators, unregulated drug manufacturer, Alla Stepanets, Framingham MA, Barry Cadden, Glenn Chin,
NECC, Gene Svirskiy, Ashland MA, Christopher Leary, Shrewsbury MA, racketeering, conspiracy, mail fraud, adulterated drugs, misbranded drugs, fungal meningitis, outbreak, largest, injections, preservative-free methylprednisolone acetate, MPA, substandard drugs, unsafe, Barry Cadden, Glenn Chin,
Indiana on Thursday confirmed two more deaths from a mysterious lung illness linked to e-cigarettes, bringing the total number of fatalities to 29 across the country, as U.S. health officials investigate the outbreak that has shown no signs of easing.
Authors: Joseph HA, Wojno AE, Winter K, Grady-Erickson O, Hawes E, Benenson GA, Lee A, Cetron M Abstract The 2014-2016 Ebola epidemic in West Africa influenced how public health officials considered migration and emerging infectious diseases. Responding to the public's concerns, the US government introduced enhanced entry screening and post-arrival monitoring by public health authorities to reduce the risk of importation and domestic transmission of Ebola while continuing to allow travel from West Africa. This case study describes a new initiative, the Check and Report Ebola (CARE+) program that engaged travelers a...
The United States is currently facing the largest measles outbreak in three decades, with more than 1,200 cases reported to the Centers for Disease Control. The spread of that disease is a mere symptom of one of the most dangerous pandemics of our time: misinformation. Social media transformed the information age, kicking it into overdrive. […]Find jobs at Careers by KevinMD.com. Search thousands of physician, PA, NP, and CRNA jobs now. Learn more.
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Bilal Ahmed Khan, Longsheng Cheng, Aves Ahmed Khan, Haris Ahmed