'Nanny-in-chief' Dame Sally Davies says Prime Minister Boris Johnson is WRONG

Calls to ban eating on public transport have divided opinion across Britain today after the outgoing chief medical officer proposed the radical move to fight obesity.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 21 October 2019Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular and Cell Biology of LipidsAuthor(s): Sara Ghezzal, Barbara Graziela Postal, Elodie Quevrain, Loic Brot, Philippe Seksik, Armelle Leturque, Sophie Thenet, Véronique CarrièreAbstractThe mechanisms leading to the low-grade inflammation observed during obesity are not fully understood. Seeking the initiating events, we tested the hypothesis that the intestine could be damaged by repeated lipid supply and therefore participate in inflammation. In mice, 1–5 palm oil gavages increased intestinal permeabili...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids - Category: Lipidology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 October 2019Source: Innovative Food Science &Emerging TechnologiesAuthor(s): Laura Milner, Joseph P. Kerry, Maurice G. O'Sullivan, Eimear GallagherAbstractHigh levels of sucrose in foods present a great risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Therefore a low sucrose intake is strongly recommended. Sweet baked products incorporate high levels of sucrose. Sucrose in the original cake formulation was reduced and replaced with apple pomace, whey permeate, oligofructose, polydextrose. An acceptable sucrose reduction of between 21 and 27% was achieved. Cakes containing apple pomace had the ...
Source: Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Condition:   Morbid Obesity Interventions:   Procedure: sleeve gastrectomy;   Procedure: one anastomosis gastric bypass Sponsor:   Mansoura University Active, not recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionIn patients with response to ischemic changes of the prostate, HIF-1α expression could be confirmed, and the expression of the androgen receptor was significantly lower in these patients. Chronic ischemic damage in the prostate can progress to a condition that is refractory to pharmacologic therapy. Chronic ischemic damage, which can progress to refractory phase to pharmacologic therapy, is correlated with the hormonal status of prostate.
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese results suggest that European children with a healthy lifestyle, specifically regarding PA and SB over time, consumed more milk and yogurt. This study suggests that the protective effect of specific dairy products found in literature could be partially due to the association of their consumption with specific healthy lifestyles.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
In this study, we assessed effects of LPZ on adipocyte differentiation and function by using 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and HFD-induced obesity mice as an in vitro and in vivo model, respectively.Main methodsOil red O staining and intracellular triacylglycerol content were used to determine lipid accumulation. Glucose uptake was performed to measure mature adipocyte function. Expression of adipocyte genes was determined by qRT-PCR and immunoblotting.Key findingsLPZ has dual effects on differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells. At low concentrations, LPZ enhanced adipocyte differentiation via induction of PPARγ and C/EBPα, two ...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS The subgroups with increased risk of developing multiple unhealthy behaviors and the most prevalent behaviors were identified. These findings are expected to contribute to the better targeting of health promotion and preventive care. It is worth noting that, for the adoption of healthy lifestyle habits, macro-social and inter-sectoral policies are more effective.RESUMO OBJETIVO Estimar a coocorr ência dos principais fatores de risco para doenças crônicas não transmissíveis em adultos (18 a 59 anos) e idosos ( ≥ 60 anos) residentes nas capitais dos estados brasileiros e Distri...
Source: Revista de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
This study evaluated the effectiveness of an innovative strategy which combined low-frequency ultra sound (LOFU) with high-intensity interval training (HIIT) to improve physical fitness and promote body fat loss in overweight sedentary women. A placebo controlled, parallel group randomized experimental design was used to investigate the efficacy of a 2-week combined LOFU and HIIT program (3 sessions per week). Participants were allocated into either the Experimental HIIT group (HIITEXP, n = 10) or Placebo HIIT group (HIITPLA, n = 10). Baseline exercise testing (maximal oxygen uptake, lower limb strength and substrate oxida...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
International Journal of Obesity, Published online: 22 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41366-019-0477-yCreating a long-term future for big data in obesity research
Source: International Journal of Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Source Type: research
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