Efficacy and safety of direct oral anticoagulants in patients with atrial fibrillation and chronic kidney disease

ConclusionsIn our study, DOACs appeared to be as efficacious and safe in CKD IV and V as in CKD III. In addition, DOACs appeared to be more effective than, and as safe as warfarin when compared with reference studies of patients with advanced CKD. Our findings support the use of DOACs for thromboembolism prevention in patients with advanced CKD and AF.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
Source: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY Source Type: research

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AbstractAtrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in clinical practice and its prevalence increases with age. Few data are available about the clinical performance of direct oral anticoagulant (DOACs) in patients aged  ≥ 80 years with AF. The aim of our propensity score matched cohort study was to compare the safety and efficacy of DOACs versus well-controlled VKA therapy among octogenarians with AF in real life setting. Data for this study were sourced from the multicenter prospectively maintained Atrial Fibrillation Research Database (NCT03760874), which includes all AF patients followe...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Conclusion: In early-stage CKD, NOACs had a benefit-risk profile superior to that of VKAs. For advanced CKD or ESKD, there was insufficient evidence to establish benefits or harms of VKAs or NOACs. Primary Funding Source: None. (PROSPERO: CRD42017079709). PMID: 31307056 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2019Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Januvi Jegatheswaran, Gregory L. Hundemer, David Massicotte-Azarniouch, Manish M. SoodAbstractChronic kidney disease affects over 3 million Canadians and is highly associated with cardiovascular diseases that require anticoagulation, such as atrial fibrillation and venous thromboembolism. Patients with chronic kidney disease are at a problematic crossroads; they are at high risk of both thrombotic conditions requiring anticoagulation and bleeding complications due to anticoagulation. The limited high-quality clinical evidence to...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In the largest real-world practice study among Asians with NVAF, four DOACs were associated with lower risks of thromboembolism and bleeding than warfarin. There was consistency even amongst high risk subgroups and whether standard dose or low dose regimes were compared. PMID: 31103697 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our findings describe the most reported risk factors for preventability of oral anticoagulant-induced bleedings. These factors may be useful for targeting interventions to improve pharmacovigilance activities in our regional territory and to reduce the burden of medication errors and inappropriate prescription. Introduction Oral anticoagulant therapy is widely used for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation, or for the prevention and treatment of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism (Raj et al., 1994; Monaco et al., 2017). Oral anticoagulants can be di...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Purpose of review The direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have emerged as an effective and safe alternative to vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) for stroke and venous thromboembolism (VTE) prevention. However, patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) experience an increase in the risk of both thromboembolism and bleeding, and the risk–benefit profile of DOACs, particularly in advanced CKD remains a source of ongoing debate. This review summarizes the recent evidence on the effects of DOACs in CKD across a range of clinical indications including newly emerging indications. Recent findings Data on early-to-moderate st...
Source: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PREVENTION: Edited by Navdeep Tangri Source Type: research
Abstract In patients diagnosed with chronic kidney disease (CKD), atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with an increased risk of thromboembolism and stroke. Moreover, patients with CKD - especially those in end-stage renal disease - also present an increased risk of bleeding. Oral anticoagulation is the most effective form of thromboprophylaxis in patients with AF and an increased risk of stroke. However, the underuse of these drugs was observed, mainly due to safety reasons and restricted evidence on efficacy. Much evidence suggests that non-vitamin K-dependent oral anticoagulant agents significantly reduce the...
Source: Cardiology Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiol J Source Type: research
ConclusionsIncidence rates of IS/TE, mortality and bleeding increased with worsening eGFR. Worsening eGFR was an independent predictor of IS/TE and bleeding, and a better predictor of IS/TE than renal impairment in AF. We were able to identify predictors of worsening renal function, which may help to tag patients needing regular FU for appropriate adaptation of antithrombotic therapy.
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: During long-term FU of more than 2.5 years, this very old population of NOAC recipients demonstrated low rates of cardiovascular or major bleeding complications during active NOAC therapy. Approximately one quarter of the study population died during follow-up, with cardiovascular events being the leading cause of death. Only 11 fatal bleeding events were observed; however, most of the 58 fatal thromboembolic events occurred after anticoagulation was discontinued. This indicates that continued anticoagulation with NOACs may result in a beneficial risk-benefit ratio also in very old patients.DisclosuresBeyer-We...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 332. Antithrombotic Therapy: Management of Challenging Patients and Scenarios Source Type: research
Authors: Sabbag A, Yao X, Siontis KC, Noseworthy PA Abstract The burden of atrial fibrillation (AF) is projected to increase substantially over the next decade in parallel with the aging of the population. The increasing age, level of comorbidity, and polypharmacy will complicate the treatment of older adults with AF. For instance, advanced age and chronic kidney disease have been shown to increase the risk of both thromboembolism and bleeding in patients with AF. Frailty, recurrent falls and polypharmacy, while very common among elderly patients with AF, are often overlooked in the clinical decision making despite...
Source: Korean Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Korean Circ J Source Type: research
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