Distinct trajectories of fruits and vegetables, dietary fat, and alcohol intake following a breast cancer diagnosis: the Pathways Study

AbstractPurposeTo identify distinct diet trajectories after breast cancer (BC) diagnosis, and to examine the characteristics associated with diet trajectories.MethodsWe analyzed 2865 Pathways Study participants who completed ≥ 2 food frequency questionnaires at the time of BC diagnosis (baseline), and at 6 and 24 months after baseline. Trajectory groups of fruit and vegetable (F/V) intake, % calories from dietary fat, and alcohol intake over 24 months were identified using group-based trajectory modeling. Associat ions between diet trajectories and sociodemographic, psychosocial, and clinical factors were analyzed using multinomial logistic regression.ResultsAnalyses identified 3 F/V trajectory groups, 4 dietary fat groups, and 3 alcohol groups. All 3 F/V trajectory groups reported slightly increased F/V intake post-diagnosis (mean increase  = 0.2–0.5 serving/day), while 2 groups (48% of participants) persistently consumed  40% of calories from fat). While most survivors consumed
Source: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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This study aimed to determine the trend in the attendance for mammography screening during 2006–2014 and to identify the factors that are predictive for participation in it. The study sample consisted of 1941 women aged 50–64 years, who participated in five cross-sectional biennial postal surveys of Lithuanian Health Behavior Monitoring, carried out in independent national random samples. The attendance for screening was identified if women reported having had a mammogram within the last two years. The proportion of women attending the screening was continuously increasing from 20.0% in 2006 up to 65.8%...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: As a result, healthy eating guidelines, such as the Mediterranean Diet, based on lower consumption of red meat, alcoholic drinks and salt, might contribute to reducing the incidence of colon cancer, liver cancer and gastric cancer. PMID: 31718202 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nutricion Hospitalaria - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Nutr Hosp Source Type: research
Abstract The breast is the leading cancer site in women throughout the world. That said, breast cancer incidence varies widely, ranging from 27/100,0002 (Central-East Asia and Africa) to 85-94/100,0002 (Australia, North America and Western Europe). Its frequency in France is among the highest in Europe. While in most countries, its incidence has been increasing for more than 40 years, in a few other countries (USA, Canada, Australia, France…), it has been decreasing since 2000-2005. Possibly due to a substantial reduction of hormone-based treatments at menopause, the decrease may be transient. It is al...
Source: Presse Medicale - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research
This study created newly modified structures of HPMC and chitosan, altering their physicochemical properties that could then retard drug release. The nanoparticles were cytotoxic towards MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells when docetaxel was loaded in the nanoparticles, particularly the nanoparticles produced in the second approach, demonstrating their ability to kill cancerous cells and their potential for further applications in cancer therapy. Additionally, when Caco-2 cells were used as an absorption model in a transport study, the nanoparticles in the second approach showed their capacity to increase drug permeability ac...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
This study examined associations between weekly alcohol use and physical activity in 197 post-treatment breast cancer survivors (Mage = 55.04,SDage = 10.92). Participants wore an accelerometer and provided self-reported alcohol intake for five 7-day waves every 3 months. Survivors who engaged in more light intensity physical activity had increased odds of consuming alcohol (odds ratio = 1.14,p = .02) but did not differ in the amount of alcohol consumed. When promoting physical activity among this population, it is important to consider the increased likelihood of...
Source: Journal of Behavioral Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Smoking and alcohol, both separately and combined, increased risks of overall, smoking-related, alcohol-related and breast cancer; combined use resulted in incremental risk increases. Co-use of smoking and alcohol represent an extensive threat to public health; thus, prevention could benefit from combined targeting. PMID: 31644965 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Oncology Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Eur J Oncol Nurs Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study revealed differences in cancer risk among diverse occupations in Japan. Specifically, those occupations associated with high levels of physical activity may be associated with a decreased risk of cancer.
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
by Drew Rosielle (@drosielle)A Series of Observations on Opioids By a Palliative Doc Who Prescribes A Lot of Opioids But Also Has Questions.This is the 5th post in a series about opioids, with a focus on how my thinking about opioids has changed over the years. See also:Part 1 – Introduction, General Disclaimers, Hand-Wringing, and a Hand-Crafted Graph.Part 2 – We Were Wrong 20 years Ago, Our Current Response to the Opioid Crisis is Wrong, But We Should Still Be Helping Most of our Long-Term Patients Reduce Their Opioid DosesPart 3 – Opioids Have Ceiling Effects, High-Doses are Rarely Therapeutic, and Ano...
Source: Pallimed: A Hospice and Palliative Medicine Blog - Category: Palliative Care Tags: cancer opioids pain rosielle The profession Source Type: blogs
Women at increased breast cancer (BC) risk are eligible for chemoprevention. Healthy lifestyles are potentially important for these women to improve efficacy and minimise side effects of chemoprevention and reduce the risk of BC and other lifestyle-related conditions. We investigated whether women taking chemoprevention adhere to healthy lifestyle recommendations, how their lifestyle risk factors and health measures compare to women in the general population, and whether these change whilst taking chemoprevention. Lifestyle risk factors and health measures in 136 premenopausal women taking tamoxifen for prevention of BC (T...
Source: European Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Research Papers: Breast Cancer Source Type: research
In this study we aimed to examine the independent effect of baseline QoL and persistent CRT among pts with early BC.MethodsWe included data stage I-III BC pts treated with chemotherapy who were included in the CANTO prospective cohort study (NCT-01993498) from 03/2012 to 12/2014. The primary outcome was CRT defined as the presence at 3-6 months after the end of treatment, of any of the following toxicities (NCI-CTC-AE): infection, venous or arterial thrombosis, neurological G2-4, digestive G3-4 or pulmonary toxicities G3-4). Treatment deliver including chemotherapy dose reductions were also examined. The independent variab...
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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