Molecular characterization of Fasciola and Dicrocoelium species isolated from ruminant livestock in Qazvin, Iran.

CONCLUSION: Both species of Fasciola were present in Qazvin. D. dendriticum was the sole infecting species of the Dicrocoelium in the livestock of the city of Qazvin, further researches are needed to pinpoint the intermediate host of the parasites in the region. PMID: 31595853 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Infect Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research

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Conclusion: The serological methods used in the study were found to be important in the early diagnosis of alveolar echinococcosis in the endemic areas, since it could be used in sero-epidemiological studies. PMID: 31591872 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Turkiye Parazitol Derg Source Type: research
AbstractFascioliasis is a parasitic infection typically caused by two common parasites of class Trematodo, genusFasciola, namelyFasciola hepatica andFasciola gigantica. The widespread of these species in water and food makes fascioliasis become a global zoonotic disease that affects 2.4 million people in more than 75 countries worldwide. Typically,F. hepatica andF. gigantica can be recognized by parasitological techniques to detectFasciola spp. eggs, immunological techniques to detect worm-specific antibodies, or by molecular techniques such as PCR to detect parasitic genomic DNA. Recently, miRNAs have been raised as a key...
Source: Journal of Parasitic Diseases - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Abstract Fasciola hepatica is a globally distributed zoonotic trematode that causes fasciolosis in livestock, wildlife, ruminants and humans. Fasciolosis causes a significant economic impact on the agricultural sector and affects human health. Due to the increasing prevalence of triclabendazole resistance in F. hepatica, alternative treatment methods are required. Many protein antigens have been trialled as vaccine candidates with low success, however, the tegument of F. hepatica is highly glycosylated and the parasite-derived glycoconjugate molecules have been identified as an important mediator in host-parasite ...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Int J Parasitol Source Type: research
Abstract In 2005, the network decided to increase its number of target diseases to include other helminthic zoonoses such as fascioliasis, clonorchiasis, opisthorchiasis, paragonimiasis and cysticercosis and in the process expanding membership to include South Korea, Vietnam, Thailand and Japan. NTDs were eventually included as awareness is heightened on these diseases affecting poor and developing countries. Researches on clonorchiasis and opisthorchiasis unravel the mechanism by which these diseases eventually predispose to cholangiocarcinoma. The liver cancer associated with these liver fluke infections necessi...
Source: Advances in Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Adv Parasitol Source Type: research
The parasitic helminth Fasciola hepatica (liver fluke) causes economic loss to the livestock industry globally and also causes zoonotic disease. New control strategies such as vaccines are urgently needed, due to the rise of drug resistance in parasite populations. Vaccine development requires a comprehensive understanding of the immunological events during infection. Previous in vivo studies by our group have investigated global differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in ovine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in response to both acute and chronic F. hepatica infection. This work demonstrated that pathways involved ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Authors: Mas-Coma S, Valero MA, Bargues MD Abstract Fascioliasis is a major parasitic disease caused by the digenetic trematodes Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica. The disease is a well-known veterinary problem of worldwide distribution. Fascioliasis is the vector-borne parasitic disease presenting the widest latitudinal, longitudinal, and altitudinal distribution known at present. In the last two decades, many surveys have shown it to be an important public health problem as well, including estimations of 2.4 million, up to 17 million people, or even higher depending on the hitherto unknown situat...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This review describes the development and evaluation of rapid diagnostic tests, while highlighting the need for in depth validations of the tools to determine how well they can perform in endemic areas. PMID: 30946810 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
Authors: Yadegarinia D, Tehrani S, Doosti Z Abstract Fascioliasis is a zoonotic disease caused by liver flukes of the genus Fasciola, as F. hepatica, and F. gigantica, mainly affecting the liver and biliary system during the chronic phase. These trematodes migrate through biliary ducts results in mild inflammation, when it is difficult to distinguish from obstructive lesions. Here we describe a 53-yr-old man from Golpayegan, a city in Isfahan Province, Iran, in year 2015, with occasional fever and chills, and also frequent colicky abdominal pain mainly on the right upper quadrant, with tenderness at that part. Ther...
Source: Iranian Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Iran J Parasitol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Wild boars might be involved in transmitting zoonotic parasites to humans. The abundance of these animals near human habitation creates favorable conditions for infection. So the risk of parasitic helminth diseases increases in other animals and humans. PMID: 30483333 [PubMed]
Source: Iranian Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Iran J Parasitol Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2018Source: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, Volume 222Author(s): Joshua Duncan, David Cutress, Russell M. Morphew, Peter M. BrophyAbstractFascioliasis is a parasitic disease of grazing livestock and a threat to global food security by significantly reducing the production value of sheep, goats and cattle. Moreover, the zoonotic parasite is also a re-emerging food borne threat to human populations. Driven by climate change, the prevalence of fascioliasis is set to increase. Efforts to control the main causative agent, Fasciola hepatica, are hampered by short lived chemotherapy approaches that ...
Source: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
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