SC289 - Bladder and bowel dysfunction in patients affected by autism spectrum disorders

Publication date: October 2019Source: European Urology Supplements, Volume 18, Issue 9Author(s): M. Gubbiotti, C. Bedetti, M. Marchiafava, S. Elisei, A. Giannantoni
Source: European Urology Supplements - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

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We present a case of a preteen with autism spectrum disorder and severe self-injurious behavior who developed neuroleptic malignant syndrome on antipsychotics and required urgent electroconvulsive therapy and continued maintenance electroconvulsive therapy for ongoing clinical stability.
Source: The Journal of ECT - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
ABSTRACT: Increased visibility of adverse encounters between individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and law enforcement (LE) has stimulated a dialog among providers. There are a variety of contributing factors to the increase, including the recognized lack of training of LE professionals on the needs of individuals with ASD and the paucity of awareness of resources by the families of these individuals. The aim of this article is to provide insight into developmental-behavioral pediatric professionals, to enhance safety and reduce adverse outcomes for individuals with ASD in schools and the community.
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - Category: Child Development Tags: SPECIAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
ABSTRACT: Objective: To characterize bladder and bowel toileting skill acquisition in children with fragile X syndrome and to identify associated demographic, behavioral, and clinical factors. Methods: Using baseline data from the Fragile X Online Registry With Accessible Research Database (FORWARD), bivariate analyses and logistic regression models were used to identify differences between subjects who were and were not bowel and/or bladder trained by the age of 10 years. Cox proportional hazard models were used to assess the rate of completion of toilet training (TT) as a function of sex and autism spectrum disord...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - Category: Child Development Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 69Author(s):
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Westphal A, Allely C Abstract The relationship between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and violence is poorly understood. Several violence risk factors are either modified by or are unique to ASD; clinicians conducting violence risk assessment of people with ASD must consider these factors. An ASD-specific risk assessment tool is clearly needed. In the absence of this, clinicians often use risk assessment tools designed for other populations, highlighting the importance of establishing their predictive validity in people with ASD. Girardi and colleagues have taken a very important step in this process in th...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law - Category: Medical Law Tags: J Am Acad Psychiatry Law Source Type: research
Conclusions and ImplicationsThese findings suggest that the narrative coherence of autistic children’s witness accounts is equivalent to TD peers of comparable age and ability.
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
This study aimed to analyze the psychometric qualities of a new self-administered questionnaire (ACSo) assessing subjective complaints in different domains of social cognition from 89 patients with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorders, bipolar disorders or autism. The results revealed satisfactory internal validity and test-retest properties allowing the computation of a total score along with four sub scores (attributional biases, social perception and knowledge, emotional perception and theory of mind). Moreover, the ACSo total score was correlated with other subjective assessments traditionally used in cognitive rem...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
When I boarded an 8-hour international flight home from a language neurobiology conference a this past August, I anticipated getting some major work done. If I was lucky, I could also catch a nap. But my plans quickly changed when assigned seating fates intervened. Thanks to a technical snafu, I got the last remaining seat on the plane. As I walked down the aisle, a flight attendant stopped me. She warned that my seatmate—a young boy with nonverbal autism prone to disruptive behaviors—might make the flight difficult, but that there were no more available seats. When I sat down, the boy’s father preemptive...
Source: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) Press Releases - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: autism News Slider Speech-Language Pathology Augmentative Alternative Communication Autism Spectrum Disorder Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsExamination of plots of the significant interactions suggested higher levels of negative parenting may exacerbate later behavioral problems and lower levels of negative parenting may protect against later behavioral problems for children with less severe ASD symptoms but not for those with more severe ASD symptoms. Results have implications for interventions targeting parenting practices for children with ASD.
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Although substance use disorder (SUD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are highly comorbid with other mental disorders and commonly have onset during childhood,1 little attention has been paid to their overlap. Despite limited data suggesting that up to 4% of patients with ASD also have substance-related problems,2 there are no existing guidelines, protocols, or tailored resources focused on SUD in young people with co-occurring ASD. This is concerning given that the simultaneous presence of these disorders presents unique challenges that complicate clinical care. In particular, many of the symptoms of ASD can interfere ...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Clinical perspectives Source Type: research
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