CBS News investigates THC vaping industry's booming black market
As health officials investigate an outbreak of illnesses, "Eye on America" went undercover to find out how dangerous THC vaping products end up on the streets
ConclusionAn ST2 LZD- and methicillin-resistant clone was established in the whole hospital, not only in the ICU but also in wards where LZD consumption is low. This highlights the need to implement and maintain infection control measures as well as antimicrobial stewardship programs in all hospital units, to preserve the efficacy of LZD.
ConclusionThe overall prevalence of CPOs at Barts Health Trust was 3.1%, comprising NDM and OXA-48-type carbapenemases, which is in line with other London-based studies. Renal patients and the elderly had the highest burden of CPOs, whereas previous hospitalization and foreign travel were associated with an increased risk of CPO carriage.
U.S. health officials on Thursday reported another 180 cases of vaping-related lung illnesses and announced plans to start testing aerosols produced by e-cigarettes and vaping products as they search for the source of the nationwide outbreak that has so far killed at least 33 people in 24 states.Reuters Health Information
This study demonstrated a maximum 2.91 log reduction of Salmonella cocktail in wheat flour treated with 395 nm pulsed LED for 60 min in a semi-closed system. Oxidation occurred in wheat flour after 30 and 60 min exposure to the 395 nm LED, which subsequently led to bleaching, and polymerization of gluten components through disulphide linkage. The water holding capacity of gluten was reduced by oxidation, and the contents of secondary structures were altered significantly after pulsed LED treatment, but the rheological properties were not deteriorated. The disulfide bond formation naturally happens during dough formation an...
GIDEON what’s new summary: October 18 to October 19, 2019 Infectious Diseases – Outbreaks (32 updates) 32 DiseasesMap Infectious Diseases – Diseases (76 updates) 4 Clinical notes30 Diseases42 Country notesMap Infectious Diseases – Drugs (1 updates) 1 Drug The post Update: October 19, 2019 appeared first on GIDEON - Global Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Online Network.
Conclusions: Norovirus is a major pathogen causing diarrhea in Shanghainese children. GII.Pe/GII.4-Sydney/2012 strains remained the predominant genotype. The emergence of GII.P17/GII.17 and GII.P16/GII.2 strains in sporadic diarrhea was consistent with norovirus-associated outbreaks attributable to these 2 novel variants in China. Continuous monitoring norovirus genotypes circulating in pediatric population is needed for current vaccine development.
Background: Influenza virus is one of the most common respiratory pathogens for all age groups and may cause seasonal outbreaks. Our aim was to identify risk groups and factors associated with severe clinical course including mortality in children with influenza-related lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI). Methods: We conducted a retrospective study in children hospitalized with influenza virus LRTI from 2008 to 2018. Data on demographic features, influenza type, viral coinfection, primary and secondary bacterial infections (SBIs), time of onset of antiviral treatment, comorbidities, hospitalization length, pedia...
Bacillus cereus isolates causing an outbreak in the neonatal intensive care unit were investigated using whole-genome sequencing. The outbreak coincided with construction work performed adjacent to the neonatal intensive care unit and ceased after strict sealing of the construction area. We found the outbreak to be polyclonal, however, the clonality did not correlate with the virulence in vivo. Genotypically similar isolates were associated with both lethal/severe infection and colonization/environmental contamination. Environmental bacterial load may be a major determinant of infection, especially in high-risk patients. C...
Conclusions: This study showed that EV-positivity rate for our SARI series was 9%. The molecular detection and characterization of EVs allowed for the rapid detection of an EV-D68 outbreak and revealed the presence of emerging EV types that may pose a public health threat. The lack of routine screening and EV characterization in respiratory tract infections hampers the assessment of their epidemiologic and molecular features.
The infectious risk of ERCP has historically been ascribed to biliary stasis and obstructive physiology from stones, strictures, or stents. Recent outbreaks, many of them from multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs), have been attributed to the infectious carriage of the duodenoscope itself: so-called exogenous infection. This has drawn considerable attention and research efforts intended to better characterize the contributory risk of each of the following factors: instrument design, reprocessing measures (eg, manual and automated cleaning), surveillance strategies for detecting instrument contamination, and other quality metrics.