Vaping-induced severe respiratory disease outbreak: what went wrong?

This viewpoint highlights that although vaping products are likely to be substantially less harmful than combustible products, respiratory hazards result from the physical properties of inhaled aerosols and the chemical effects created when specific chemicals affect the lung.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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ConclusionAn ST2 LZD- and methicillin-resistant clone was established in the whole hospital, not only in the ICU but also in wards where LZD consumption is low. This highlights the need to implement and maintain infection control measures as well as antimicrobial stewardship programs in all hospital units, to preserve the efficacy of LZD.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionThe overall prevalence of CPOs at Barts Health Trust was 3.1%, comprising NDM and OXA-48-type carbapenemases, which is in line with other London-based studies. Renal patients and the elderly had the highest burden of CPOs, whereas previous hospitalization and foreign travel were associated with an increased risk of CPO carriage.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
U.S. health officials on Thursday reported another 180 cases of vaping-related lung illnesses and announced plans to start testing aerosols produced by e-cigarettes and vaping products as they search for the source of the nationwide outbreak that has so far killed at least 33 people in 24 states.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Medscape Today News Source Type: news
This study demonstrated a maximum 2.91 log reduction of Salmonella cocktail in wheat flour treated with 395 nm pulsed LED for 60 min in a semi-closed system. Oxidation occurred in wheat flour after 30 and 60 min exposure to the 395 nm LED, which subsequently led to bleaching, and polymerization of gluten components through disulphide linkage. The water holding capacity of gluten was reduced by oxidation, and the contents of secondary structures were altered significantly after pulsed LED treatment, but the rheological properties were not deteriorated. The disulfide bond formation naturally happens during dough formation an...
Source: Food Research International - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
GIDEON what’s new summary: October 18 to October 19, 2019 Infectious Diseases – Outbreaks (32 updates) 32 DiseasesMap Infectious Diseases – Diseases (76 updates) 4 Clinical notes30 Diseases42 Country notesMap Infectious Diseases – Drugs (1 updates) 1 Drug The post Update: October 19, 2019 appeared first on GIDEON - Global Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Online Network.
Source: GIDEON blog - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: What's New Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: Norovirus is a major pathogen causing diarrhea in Shanghainese children. GII.Pe/GII.4-Sydney/2012 strains remained the predominant genotype. The emergence of GII.P17/GII.17 and GII.P16/GII.2 strains in sporadic diarrhea was consistent with norovirus-associated outbreaks attributable to these 2 novel variants in China. Continuous monitoring norovirus genotypes circulating in pediatric population is needed for current vaccine development.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
Background: Influenza virus is one of the most common respiratory pathogens for all age groups and may cause seasonal outbreaks. Our aim was to identify risk groups and factors associated with severe clinical course including mortality in children with influenza-related lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI). Methods: We conducted a retrospective study in children hospitalized with influenza virus LRTI from 2008 to 2018. Data on demographic features, influenza type, viral coinfection, primary and secondary bacterial infections (SBIs), time of onset of antiviral treatment, comorbidities, hospitalization length, pedia...
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
Bacillus cereus isolates causing an outbreak in the neonatal intensive care unit were investigated using whole-genome sequencing. The outbreak coincided with construction work performed adjacent to the neonatal intensive care unit and ceased after strict sealing of the construction area. We found the outbreak to be polyclonal, however, the clonality did not correlate with the virulence in vivo. Genotypically similar isolates were associated with both lethal/severe infection and colonization/environmental contamination. Environmental bacterial load may be a major determinant of infection, especially in high-risk patients. C...
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Maternal-Neonatal Reports Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study showed that EV-positivity rate for our SARI series was 9%. The molecular detection and characterization of EVs allowed for the rapid detection of an EV-D68 outbreak and revealed the presence of emerging EV types that may pose a public health threat. The lack of routine screening and EV characterization in respiratory tract infections hampers the assessment of their epidemiologic and molecular features.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Translational Medicine Reports Source Type: research
The infectious risk of ERCP has historically been ascribed to biliary stasis and obstructive physiology from stones, strictures, or stents. Recent outbreaks, many of them from multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs), have been attributed to the infectious carriage of the duodenoscope itself: so-called exogenous infection. This has drawn considerable attention and research efforts intended to better characterize the contributory risk of each of the following factors: instrument design, reprocessing measures (eg, manual and automated cleaning), surveillance strategies for detecting instrument contamination, and other quality metrics.
Source: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research
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