Goal-Directed Planning and Self-reported Compulsivity and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Diagnosis

This cross-sectional study assesses whether deficits in goal-directed planning are better identified by self-reported compulsivity or a diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Related Links:

ConclusionsThe Y-BOCS-BE is a valuable tool for assessing BED symptoms. Maximization of Y-BOCS-BE reliability and validity at later study time points may be related to both treatment effects and improved insight into BED by participants during the study.
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Conclusions: These results provide evidence that impaired response inhibition in SCH and OCD arises from common underlying neural processing abnormalities. However, the lower P3 amplitude and weaker theta-band activity in SCH patients in unsuccessful Stop trials suggest distinct neural activity patterns related to error processing. These differences in ERPs and ERO may provide clues to unique neurological abnormalities in SCH and provide objective measures for differential diagnosis.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
(Aarhus University) Teenagers with the contamination and washing variant of OCD are not generally more ill than children and adolescents with other forms of disabling obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviour. However, if they have poor insight into their condition, they find it more difficult to recover and become healthy again as a result of the 14-week cognitive behavioural therapy, which is the standard form of treatment in Denmark for OCD, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Authors: Guzick AG, Hunt PJ, Bijanki KR, Schneider SC, Sheth SA, Goodman WK, Storch EA Abstract Introduction: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has emerged as an effective treatment for patients with severe treatment-refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Over the past two decades, several clinical trials with multiple years of follow-up have shown that DBS offers long-term symptom relief for individuals with severe OCD, though a portion of patients do not achieve an adequate response.Areas covered: This review sought to summarize the literature on the efficacy and long-term effectiveness of DBS for OCD, and to id...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - Category: Neurology Tags: Expert Rev Neurother Source Type: research
Abstract Tic-related OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder) was introduced as an OCD subtype in the DSM-5 based mainly on family and clinical data that showed differences between OCD in dependence of accompanying tics. Little is known, however, regarding neurocognitive differences between subtypes. We used the stop-signal task to examine whether differences exist in response inhibition between OCD patients without tics (n = 21), patients with tic-related OCD (n = 12), and 21 healthy controls. The groups were carefully matched for gender, age and level of education. The stop-signal reaction...
Source: Experimental Brain Research - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Exp Brain Res Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Randy O. Frost
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a heterogeneous psychiatric disorder affecting 1%–3% of the population worldwide. About half of OCD afflicted individuals do not respond to currently available pharmacotherapy, which is mainly based on serotonin reuptake inhibition. Therefore, there is a critical need to search novel and improved therapeutic targets to treat this devastating disorder. In recent years, accumulating evidence has supported the glutamatergic hypothesis of OCD, and particularly pointing a potential role for the neuronal glutamate transporter EAAT3. This mini-review summarizes recent findings regardin...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Juliana Negreiros, John R. Best, Diana Franco Yamin, Laura Belschner, Sarah Lin, S. Evelyn Stewart
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 November 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Christiana Bratiotis, Sheila R. Woody
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Moritz S, Bernardini J, Lion D Abstract Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and major depression disorder (MDD) are underdiagnosed and undertreated mental disorders. Prior studies have verified the efficacy of the self-help manual My Metacognitive Training (myMCT) for patients with primary OCD. As depression and OCD share a number of (meta)cognitive biases and dysfunctional coping strategies, we examined the efficacy of myMCT in a mixed patient sample with OCD and/or depression. A total of 80 Italian-speaking individuals with symptoms of OCD and/or depression were randomized to either myMCT or to a waitlis...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
More News: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder | Psychiatry | Study