Interventions for drug-using offenders with co-occurring mental health problems.

Interventions for drug-using offenders with co-occurring mental health problems. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019 Oct 07;10:CD010901 Authors: Perry AE, Martyn-St James M, Burns L, Hewitt C, Glanville JM, Aboaja A, Thakkar P, Santosh Kumar KM, Pearson C, Wright K, Swami S Abstract BACKGROUND: This review represents one from a family of three reviews focusing on interventions for drug-using offenders. Many people under the care of the criminal justice system have co-occurring mental health problems and drug misuse problems; it is important to identify the most effective treatments for this vulnerable population. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of interventions for drug-using offenders with co-occurring mental health problems in reducing criminal activity or drug use, or both.This review addresses the following questions.• Does any treatment for drug-using offenders with co-occurring mental health problems reduce drug use?• Does any treatment for drug-using offenders with co-occurring mental health problems reduce criminal activity?• Does the treatment setting (court, community, prison/secure establishment) affect intervention outcome(s)?• Does the type of treatment affect treatment outcome(s)? SEARCH METHODS: We searched 12 databases up to February 2019 and checked the reference lists of included studies. We contacted experts in the field for further information. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controll...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

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It’s a Wednesday evening in Brooklyn, NY, and bars are dead. Tea-candle-dotted tables sit empty, waiting for a happy hour rush that isn’t. But tucked away on a side street, hours before its midnight closing time, a bar called Getaway hums with activity. Metal straws clink against ice and cocktail shakers rattle as patrons belly up to the marble bar. A woman fresh out of work reads and nurses a drink at a corner table. An early-thirties couple chats over a pre-dinner beverage, holding hands in the flattering dim lighting. This is New York City’s first permanent booze-free bar, and no one is drinking alcoho...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized public health Source Type: news
Discussion Human trafficking is estimated to be the second largest criminal activity in the world after illegal arms trafficking. It affects all nations with an estimated 27 million people of all ages worldwide but only a small number are identified. It is defined by the United Nations as “the recruitment, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercions, abduction, fraud, deception, the abuse of power, or a position of vulnerability to achieve the consent of a person, having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.” It includes comme...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
“Drugs are a waste of time. They destroy your memory and your self-respect and everything that goes along with your self-esteem.” – Kurt Cobain I grew up in a close-knit, fairly religious family where children were seen and not heard, where mealtime meant everyone sat down together and exchanged pleasantries while enjoying the prepared-at-home repasts, complete with dessert. There was no distraction, either from television or radio, and the telephone ringing was a rare occurrence, quickly dispatched once the caller learned we were eating. In fact, nothing was so urgent back then. It was, indeed, a peacefu...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Addictions Substance Abuse Alcoholism Drug Abuse Opioid Addiction Source Type: news
Las Vegas startled me, Florida startled me and an incident in a city that I called home for close to a decade that caught the attention of national news startled me. I am not easily startled. As a mental health practitioner, we are subjected to second hand trauma as our clients share their journeys filled with neglect, abuse, abandonment and internal struggles. Though I am continuously trained and educated on how to not only work with these clients but also take care of myself, it is no easy feat. It is my job and I treat it as such. Being in this field, however, does not pardon me from having my own life’s interrupt...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Children and Teens Criminal Justice History of Psychology Minding the Media Personal Policy and Advocacy Stigma Stress Students Trauma Violence and Aggression Asylum Health Insurance Involuntary commitment mass shooting mass Source Type: blogs
See something of interest? Please share our postings with colleagues in your institutions! Spotlight All NNLM MAR funding opportunities are currently closed. In February, we will announce opportunities to apply for projects starting May 15, 2018. Now is the perfect time to start meeting with potential partners and consulting with NNLM MAR staff on health information outreach ideas. Contact us to set up a consultation. National Drug and Alcohol Facts Week® begins on Monday! If your organization is getting involved with busting myths about drug use or addiction, tell us about it! NNLM MAR is always interested in learning...
Source: NN/LM Middle Atlantic Region Blog - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: Weekly Postings Source Type: news
This study also found that “Internet gaming disorder, …, affects a small subset of the population exposed to online games, and does not appear to have increased in prevalence to the extent the [I]nternet usage has increased.” Data shows “[s]ignificant overlap in the neurobiology underlying both [gaming and Internet] addictions and substance use disorders have been found in animal models and human brain imaging studies.” People with IGD can have similar symptoms to people with substance abuse disorders including building tolerance for the activity (i.e. needing more) and having withdrawal sym...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
K.J., a single mom, had been in a relationship with Ben for three years before deciding that enough was enough: He didn’t seem to want to move in together, let alone get married. “With a broken heart, I went to break it off with him, and in a panic, he asked me to marry him,” she told HuffPost. “Our engagement was more stressful than ecstatic.”  In the end, the engagement didn’t pan out. But she’s not alone; many women and men call off relationships with people they they seriously considered marrying.  A common reason is fear of commitment, according to Elisabeth LaM...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
A team of researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) recently discovered why the drug ketamine may act as a rapid antidepressant. Ketamine is best known as an illicit, psychedelic club drug. Often referred to as “Special K” or a “horse tranquilizer” by the media, it has been around since the 1960s and is a staple anesthetic in emergency rooms and burn centers. In the last 10 years, studies have shown that it can reverse — sometimes within hours or even minutes — the kind of severe, suicidal depression that traditional antidepressants can’...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Depression Medications Research addictive Bipolar Disorder dissociative anesthetic Drug Abuse Ketamine Major Depressive Disorder Mood Disorder Mood Stabilizer Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Substance Abuse Source Type: blogs
FORT LAUDERDALE, Fla. -- The premier organization representing drug treatment providers met in South Florida recently for its annual convention. The theme of this year's gathering -- “The Addiction Industry at a Crossroads” -- only hinted at the internal tensions and external pressures reshaping a troubled industry. The opioid epidemic, which just added Prince to its list of victims, has shoved the addiction industry into the spotlight, and many here at the National Association of Addiction Treatment Providers conference worried aloud how the industry’s lax ethical standards would look in the ne...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Jim Morrison is best known as the lead singer of The Doors. He is also infamous as one of many young celebrities who died young as a result of substance abuse. His history of substance abuse seems well established, as it is widely reported that Morrison suffered from alcoholism and substance abuse and died at the age of 27, of heart failure, likely from an accidental heroin overdose. Researchers in a 2014 study looked through Jim Morrison's self-assessments, in his works and letters, as well as the descriptions by others. Their analysis of this data, under the perspective of creativity, can help us to uncover the impact o...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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