Black-blood CT sheds light on intraluminal heart anatomy

An advanced imaging technique called black-blood CT can leverage cinematic...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Cinematic rendering offers clinical utility in MSK CT 3 ways cinematic rendering can bolster colon evaluation 3 ways cinematic rendering helps visualize the spleen Follow 3 essential steps for effective cardiothoracic imaging 3D MRI uncovers risk of stroke in asymptomatic diabetics
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: Recurrent stroke and intracranial hemorrhage were determined to be more prevalent at 5 years after TIA or minor stroke in Japanese patients than in non-Japanese patients. Strategies to mitigate the long-term risks of stroke, aside from adherence to current guidelines, should take Japanese-patient-specific residual risks into account. PMID: 32938836 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
Obesity is responsible for multiple chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease, stroke, and several types of cancer [1]. The body mass index (BMI) —as an easy-to obtain, acceptable proxy for thinness and fatness—has been found to be associated with health risk and death in many populations. According to the World Health Organization definition, the normal range of BMI is defined as 18.5 to
Source: Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
This study showed an association between reduced REM and increased mortality, but it did not demonstrate the cause of the association. REM deprivation could independently contribute to the development of numerous other diseases. The results apply more clearly to older adults, given that the age groups studied averaged in the 50s and 70s. Short REM may also be a marker of a sick or aging brain; less REM sleep has already been tied to a greater risk of dementia. Overall, ensuring adequate REM sleep is important to protecting your long-term health. Getting better sleep in middle age and beyond Maintaining good sleep should re...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Brain and cognitive health Fatigue Memory Sleep Source Type: blogs
SARS-CoV-2 is transmitted by droplets and likely aerosols. The median incubation period is about 5-6 days (range 1-14 days)1 and the median age at confirmed infection in Germany is 49 years. Typical symptoms include fever, cough, anosmia, ageusia, and pneumonia. The mortality rate of COVID-19 is higher among elderly and among ethnicities other than Caucasians. Furthermore, a markedly higher mortality rate has been observed for several comorbidities including obesity class II (BMI 35 •0-39•9 kg/m2) and III (BMI 40•0+ kg/m2), uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, malignancies in the previous year, severely reduced g...
Source: Journal of Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: There are notable deficits in MFTD training for specialists in Ireland and the UK. Common conditions which can significantly impair MFTD such as stroke, diabetes and alcohol use disorders are severely underrepresented and curricula should be revisited to include relevant training and guidance on MFTD for trainees. PMID: 32936112 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh - Category: General Medicine Tags: J R Coll Physicians Edinb Source Type: research
ydın D Abstract Diabetes contributes to neurological dysfunction including peripheral nerve diseases, stroke and dementia. We investigated the effects of diabetes on apoptosis and mitosis in the hippocampal CA1 region. Rats were given diabetes by injection of streptozotocin (STZ). The mass and blood glucose levels of the rats were measured until day 7 of the experiment. The loss of mass index was approximately 10%, and the diabetogenic index was approximately 330% between nondiabetic and diabetic groups. We investigated caspase-3, caspase-7 and Ki 67 levels immunohistochemically for mitotic activity, the TUNEL me...
Source: Biotechnic and Histochemistry - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biotech Histochem Source Type: research
Conclusion: COVID-19-related ischemic events can present as small vessel occlusions, branch emboli or large vessel occlusions. The most common etiology is cryptogenic. Patients with LVO syndromes tend to be younger, male and may have elevated acute inflammatory markers.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Á, Zalba G Abstract Oxidative stress is one of the main mechanisms involved in the pathophysiology of vascular diseases. Among others, oxidative stress promotes endothelial dysfunction, and accelerated ageing and remodelling of vasculature. Lately, NADPH oxidases have been demonstrated to be involved in cardiovascular diseases. NADPH oxidase 5 has emerged as a new player in oxidative stress-mediated endothelial alterations, involved in the pathophysiology of hypertension, diabetes, atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction and stroke. This oxidase seems to mediate its detrimental effects by promoting inflammat...
Source: The International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Int J Biochem Cell Biol Source Type: research
ConclusionOptimizing blood glucose level during the perioperative period with correct medication and dose have a significant role in reducing morbidities. Measures should be taken to provide a safe blood glucose level for optimum outcomes.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research
Conclusion: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus have an increased LA volume with impaired compliance and contractility, while patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus have only impaired contractility compared to nondiabetic subjects. PMID: 32922998 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research
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