IHS Awards $2.4 Million to Tribal Epidemiology Centers for Diagnosis, Treatment and Response to HIV, Hepatitis C and STIs

The Indian Health Service (IHS) has awarded $2.4 million to nine Tribal Epidemiology Centers to support the reduction of HIV, hepatitis C, and sexually transmitted infections in American Indian and Alaska Native communities. The Tribal Epidemiology Centers plan to implement a national strategy to diagnose, treat, prevent, and respond to HIV, with the goal of ending the epidemic by 2030.
Source: News stories via the Rural Assistance Center - Category: Rural Health Source Type: news

Related Links:

Authors: Vuylsteke B, Reyniers T, De Baetselier I, Nöstlinger C, Crucitti T, Buyze J, Kenyon C, Wouters K, Laga M Abstract INTRODUCTION: Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) is highly effective in reducing the risk for HIV infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) and may have an important impact in slowing down the HIV epidemic. Concerns remain however about low adherence, increased risk behaviour and reduced condom use when using PrEP. The aim of this study was to assess these factors prospectively among MSM using daily and event-driven PrEP in Belgium. METHODS: An open-label prospective cohort study wa...
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
Authors: Tang Q, Zhang X, Lu H Abstract Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), gonorrhea and syphilis are the major sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the world, which are the focus of epidemic prevention and control in China. The epidemiological trend analysis of STDs in Shanghai could reflect the epidemic situation of these diseases in high-income areas of China, providing a reference for how to control their epidemic. Although the overall incidence rate of infectious diseases levelled off after 2009, Shanghai still faces many new obstacles in the fight ...
Source: BioScience Trends - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Biosci Trends Source Type: research
In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that in the presence of an HIV-1 infection, the cellular distribution of FcγRIIIa is altered and that the functional consequence of FcγRIIIa variant is affected. Importantly, it underscores the need to characterize FcγR expression, cellular distribution and functional consequences of FcγR genetic variants within a specific environment or disease state. Introduction Receptors for the Fc domain of immunoglobulin G (IgG), so called Fc gamma receptors (FcγRs), link the specificity of IgG with potent effector functions of the innate immune system. Fc&ga...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the immunological changes in the levels of monocytes and Tregs and the associations between these cell types in HIV-1-infected MSM with syphilis. Methods Study Participants We enrolled 81 participants in this study. These individuals were assigned to four groups on the basis of serologic testing and HIV-1 results, namely, the rapid plasma reagin (RPR+) group, the CHI group, the CHI&RPR+ group, and the healthy control group. HIV-1 infection status was determined with the HIV-1/2 antigen/antibody combo enzyme immunoassay (Beijing Wantai Biological Medical Company, Beijing, China). Positive ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Purpose of review The scale-up of direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy and introduction of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has changed the epidemiology of sexually acquired hepatitis C virus (HCV) amongst HIV-positive and HIV-negative MSM. Recent findings Sexually acquired HCV continues to occur predominantly amongst HIV-positive MSM. Despite an increased uptake of DAA therapy the incidence of acute HCV has not declined consistently amongst HIV-positive MSM, likely a result of high infection and reinfection rates. Increasing cases of sexually acquired HCV have been reported amongst HIV-negative MSM accessing PrEP. Des...
Source: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: STD I: Edited by Thomas F. Patterson and Robert C. Read Source Type: research
Abstract Patients who are HIV-positive and co-infected with other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are at risk of increased morbidity and mortality. This is of clinical significance. There has been a dramatic increase in the incidence of STIs, particularly syphilis, gonorrhoea, Mycoplasma genitalium and hepatitis C virus (HCV) in HIV-positive patients. The reasons for this are multifactorial, but contributing factors may include effective treatment for HIV, increased STI testing, use of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis and use of social media to meet sexual partners. The rate of syphilis-HIV co-infection is incr...
Source: AIDS Research and Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: AIDS Res Ther Source Type: research
Conclusions Qatar remains a low prevalence country for HIV infection. The disease affects mainly young male adults with many of them presenting late in the disease. The epidemiology of HIV infection in Qatar has changed over time with infection being mostly sexually transmitted in later years. More non-Qataris are being diagnosed compared with earlier years, and this reflects the change in population that occurred in Qatar in recent years. More efforts are needed to educate the public especially the young in prevention measures and to improve early diagnosis.
Source: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
ObjectivesThe incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV infection remains high in gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) in the UK, and sexualized drug use (“chemsex”) and injecting drug use (“slamsex”) may play a part in this. We aimed to characterize HIV‐positive MSM engaging in chemsex/slamsex and to assess the associations with self‐reported STI diagnoses and sexual behaviours. MethodsData from a 2014 survey of people attending HIV clinics in England and Wales were linked to clinical data from national HIV surveillance records and weighted to be nationally...
Source: HIV Medicine - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
The National Institute on Drug Abuse has awarded $5 million to researchers at UCLA to develop a resource and data center for millions of pieces of research, lab samples, statistics and other data aimed at boosting research into the effects of substance abuse on HIV/AIDS.The five-year grant, called Collaborating Consortium of Cohorts Producing NIDA Opportunities, will connect groups of investigators with National Institute on Drug Abuse-funded research and data ranging from state-of-the-art bioinformatics to laboratory specimens, said Pamina Gorbach, professor of epidemiology at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health and...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
Conclusion: HCV prevalence among HIV-negative MSM who started PrEP was higher than previously reported. All HIV-negative HCV-positive MSM were infected with HCV strains already circulating among HIV-positive MSM. The increasing overlap between sexual networks of HIV-positive and HIV-negative MSM might result in an expanding HCV-epidemic irrespective of HIV-status. Hence, routine HCV testing should be offered to MSM at high risk for HIV, especially for those enrolling in PrEP programs.
Source: AIDS - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Epidemiology and Social Source Type: research
More News: Epidemics | Epidemiology | Hepatitis | Hepatitis C | India Health | Rural Health | STDs