Nobel prize in physics awarded for work on cosmology – as it happened

James Peebles, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz honoured for ‘improving our understanding of evolution of universe and Earth’s place in the cosmos’Full report: Nobel prize in physics goes to cosmology and exoplanet researchers12.35pmBSTAnd there we leave the physics prize for another year. Huge congratulations go to James Peebles, who set the foundations for modern cosmology with his work on the big bang, dark matter and dark energy, and to Didier Queloz and Michel Mayor who spotted the first world beyond the solar system.Here is my colleague Hannah Devlin ’s news story on the prize:Related:Nobel prize in physics awarded to cosmology and exoplanet researchers12.21pmBSTThere are two methods that astronomers use to spot planets around other stars. One is the so-called transit method where scientists watch for planets as they wander across the face of their parent star. Even though the star is but a pinprick in the heavens, sensitive telescopes can often detect the minuscule dimming of the starlight as the planet goes by and casts its shadow on the detector. It ’s been extremely successful - Nasa’s Kepler’s mission is one space telescope that has exploited transits to find hoards of new planets.Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz used a different technique. They looked at how stars are pulled around by planets that swing around them. This radial velocity method exploits the Doppler effect. In this case, as a planet ’s gravity pulls its st...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Nobel prizes Physics Sweden Europe People in science Science prizes World news Source Type: news

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This study aims to examine the effectiveness of the postural treatment of the Mézières method on elite rhythmic gymnastics athletes with low back pain. DESIGN: Double-blind, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: The sports hall of "Puente Tocinos," Murcia, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety gymnastics athletes were randomized into 2 parallel groups (intervention: n = 39; control: n = 51), of whom 98.9% were women (women = 89; man = 1). INTERVENTION: The Mézières method postural therapy was implemented. It lasted about 60 minutes in repeated sessions of 2 to 3 meetings per wee...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Delayed activation of the VM registered in females determines an increase in anterior shear force, which is an important risk factor for incurring an ACL injury. This testing protocol becomes adequate for the screening of high-risk athletes and for targeting interventions to specific imbalances that may increase injury risk. PMID: 31711040 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research
Authors: Fyock M, Cortes N, Hulse A, Martin J Abstract Clinical Scenario: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a common knee injury in recreational adult runners, possibly caused by faulty mechanics. One possible approach to reduce this pain is to retrain the runner's gait. Current research suggests that no definitive gold standard treatment for PFP exists. Gait retraining utilizing visual feedback may reduce PFP in both the short and long term. Clinical Question: In adult runners diagnosed with PFP, does gait retraining with real-time visual feedback lead to a decrease in pain? Summary of Key Findings: A literature search...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 November 2019Source: Materials Today CommunicationsAuthor(s): Dian Putri Hastuti, Wardah Amalia, Zakiah Priska, Pekik Nurwantoro, SholihunAbstractStabilities and atomic geometries in germanene multivacancies has been studied. We carry out eight configurations, mono-, di-, tri-, tetra-, penta-, hexa-, hepta-, and octavacancies by using the density-functional-theory calculations (DFT). We calculate formation and dissociation energies to analyze the stability by finding the magic numbers. Magic numbers are the number of vacancy belonging to stable configurations. We find that di-, tetra-,...
Source: Materials Today Communications - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 November 2019Source: Materials Today CommunicationsAuthor(s): Manorama Tripathi, Surekha Parthasarathy, Prasun Kumar RoyAbstractThis paper deals with the fabrication of non-woven polyurea nanofibers through an electrospinning process and evaluation of their mechanical properties under dynamic conditions. Polyurea is finding increasing applications for protection against dynamic loads like blast and ballistics. Processing polyurea into nanofibers can further improve their properties, especially with respect to mechanical properties and high surface areas, expanding their field of applic...
Source: Materials Today Communications - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Conclusion: HTX-019 administered by 2-minute injection has a tolerable safety profile in patients with cancer, representing a viable method of HTX-019 administration for CINV prevention. PMID: 31709853 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Drug Saf Source Type: research
Authors: Gabella G Abstract All the cells of rat detrusor muscle fall into one of five ultrastructural types: muscle cells, fibroblasts, axons and glia, and vascular cells (endothelial cells and pericytes). The tissue is ~79% cellular and 21% non-cellular. Muscle cells occupy 72%, nerves ~4% (1/3 axons, 2/3 glia), and fibroblast>3% of space. Muscle cells (up to 6 µm across and ~600 µm long, packed to almost 100,000 per mm2) have surface-to-volume ratio of 2.4 µm2/µm3 ~93% of cell volume is contractile apparatus, 3.1% mitochondria and 2.5% nucleus. Cell profiles are irregular but section...
Source: Journal of Smooth Muscle Research - Category: Research Tags: J Smooth Muscle Res Source Type: research
Source: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Journal Name: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM) Issue: Ahead of print
Source: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
Journal Name: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM) Issue: Ahead of print
Source: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
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