Can your CPAP make you sick?

I keep hearing radio ads about high-tech cleaners for continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machines, which are used to treat sleep apnea. Bacteria and mold can accumulate in different parts of the device. Just the touch of a button, say the ads, and all undesirable organisms lurking in the CPAP pump, tube, and mask will be zapped into oblivion. Your CPAP system will be sanitized and ready for use while you sleep. But can a CPAP system really lead to illness? And if so, do we need space-age technology to clean a CPAP machine? Wait: What is a CPAP system and why is one needed? A CPAP machine is one of the best treatments for people with obstructive sleep apnea, a condition that causes you to stop breathing periodically during sleep. The pauses in sleep occur when muscles in the throat relax so much that they block the airway. CPAP keeps your airway open. The CPAP system consists of a small bedside pump that pushes a forceful stream of air through a tube and into a mask you wear while you sleep. “People who use it feel much more alert, awake, and productive because they no longer have their sleep disrupted 30 to 100 times per hour,” says Dr. Lawrence Epstein, a sleep expert at Harvard-affiliated Brigham and Women’s Hospital. CPAP is linked to many other benefits. It helps reverse the risks of sleep apnea, such as high blood pressure, an increased risk for heart disease and strokes, and weight gain. And a study published online June 13, 2019, by The Lancet...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Fatigue Health Infectious diseases Sleep Source Type: blogs

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Publication date: Available online 13 October 2019Source: Sensors and Actuators A: PhysicalAuthor(s): Sohail Iqbal, Afzaal MalikAbstractThis paper provides a comprehensive review on the design and development of micro displacement amplification mechanisms. Micro displacement amplification mechanisms are gaining importance in MEMS applications where motion precision, reliability, accuracy, and compactness are needed. These displacement amplification mechanisms improve the sensitivity of micro-sensors and voltage stroke ratio of micro actuators. There advantages have opened doors for new and improved micro devices with unpre...
Source: Sensors and Actuators A: Physical - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 October 2019Source: Journal of Molecular LiquidsAuthor(s): N. Rivera, A. García, A. Fernández-González, D. Blanco, R. González, A. Hernández BattezAbstractTribological behavior of three Fatty Acid anion-based Ionic Liquids (FAILs) with the same ammonium cation ([N8881]) and different anions ([C16:0], [C12:0] and [C8:0]) were studied. Four different tribopairs (steel-steel, aluminum-steel, bronze-steel and tungsten carbide-steel) were tested for each FAIL using a ball-on-disc reciprocating test for 30 min (room temperature, 50 N-load, 4 mm of str...
Source: Journal of Molecular Liquids - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the circadian profile of the vasorelaxing substances calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) and the vasconstrictive agent endothelin-1 (ET1) and the daily rhythms of cardiac hemodynamic indices (CHI) and baroreflex (BRS) in Wistar rats with 1 kidney-1 clip model of arterial hypertension (1K-1C AH). The animals were divided into 3 groups: I- sham-operated (SO), II- 4-week and III- 8-week 1K-1C AH rats. Plasma concentration of ET1, CGRP and EET ’s were investigated every 4 h. In conscious freely moving 1K-1C AH rats ...
Source: Journal of Circadian Rhythms - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Ramos AR, Tarraf W, Wu B, Redline S, Cai J, Daviglus ML, Gallo L, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Perreira KM, Zee P, Zeng D, Gonzalez HM Abstract INTRODUCTION: To determine if sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), daytime sleepiness, insomnia, and sleep duration predict seven-year neurocognitive decline in US Hispanics/Latinos (N = 5247). METHODS: The exposures were baseline SDB, daytime sleepiness, insomnia, and sleep duration. The outcomes were change in episodic learning and memory (B-SEVLT-Sum and SEVLT-Recall), language (word fluency [WF]), processing speed (Digit Symbol Substitution), and a cognitive ...
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research
This study intended to compare the benefits of 2 mind-body interventions-yoga and mindfulness-in a hospital setting. Design: The research team performed a retrospective analysis of outcome data obtained from a hospital's programs. Setting: The study took place at a mind-body center at a hospital in Athens, GA (USA). Participants: Participants were 46 individuals enrolled either in a yoga (n = 24) or a mindfulness (n = 22) intervention program at the hospital. Intervention: Participants self-selected a mind-body-intervention program offered at the hospital: yoga or mindfulness. They received guided training ...
Source: Advances in Mind Body Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Adv Mind Body Med Source Type: research
In many ways, the stresses of being a medical student are the same as those of a doctor. But there is one major difference: money. I agree wholeheartedly with the … Language: en...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
This study included SSc patients who underwent right heart catheterization (RHC) in our hospital during 2010–2018. Following variables were assessed for performance to predict mPAP ≥ 25 mmHg or >  20 mmHg; anti-centromere or U1-RNP antibody, plasma BNP level, serum urate level, right axis deviation, forced vital capacity (FVC)/diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) ratio, and tricuspid regurgitation velocity. Of 58 patients enrolled in this study, 24 had mPAP of ≥ 25 mmHg an d 9 had mPAP of 21–24 mmHg. Among variables tested, only FVC...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
This study aims to validate this observation. Blood levels of seven cytokines were measured in 120 patients with pSS from the United Kingdom Primary Sjögren’s Syndrome Registry and 30 age-matched healthy non-fatigued controls. Patient-reported scores for fatigue were classified acco rding to severity and compared to cytokine levels using analysis of variance. The differences between cytokines in cases and controls were evaluated using Wilcoxon test. A logistic regression model was used to determine the most important identifiers of fatigue. Five cytokines, interferon-γ-induced protein-10 (IP-10), tumour ne...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 October 2019Source: The Arts in PsychotherapyAuthor(s): Sonja Aalbers, Annemieke Vink, Ruth E. Freeman, Kim Pattiselanno, Marinus Spreen, Susan van HoorenAbstractDepression is a highly prevalent and seriously impairing disorder. Evidence suggests that music therapy can decrease depression, though the music therapy that is offered is often not clearly described in studies. The purpose of this study was to develop an improvisational music therapy intervention based on insights from theory, evidence and clinical practice for young adults with depressive symptoms. The Intervention Mapping ...
Source: Arts in Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
The brain's pleasure centre begs for more food when you repeat this habit. → Support PsyBlog for just $4 per month. Enables access to articles marked (M) and removes ads. → Explore PsyBlog's ebooks, all written by Dr Jeremy Dean: Accept Yourself: How to feel a profound sense of warmth and self-compassion The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do
Source: PsyBlog | Psychology Blog - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Sleep Weight Loss Source Type: blogs
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