Blastocystis spp. and Giardia intestinalis co-infection profile in children suffering from acute diarrhea

AbstractGiardia intestinalis andBlastocystis spp. are two common zoonotic intestinal parasites responsible for the majority of diarrheic cases, especially in children. The study was planned to determine the impact role of bothGiardia andBlastocystis co-infection in children up to 12  years old with acute diarrhea in Beni-Suef, Egypt. Also, to estimate the general prevalence rates and risk factors associated with intestinal parasitic infections. Stool samples collected from 125 children, within a period of 7 months, were examined using direct wet mount and trichrome stain in c omparison to in vitro culture on Jones medium (for detectingBlastocystis spp.) and Immunochromatography techniques (for detectingGiardia). At least one type of intestinal parasites was harbored in 72% of the studied children, single infection constituted 37.6% while, 34.4% were polyparasitized children. The predominant parasites involved wereBlastocystis spp.(53.6%), followed byGiardia intestinalis (27.2%). Co-infection between both parasites was recorded in 20% of cases. Two risk factors were significantly associated with higher risk ofGiardia-Blastocystis co-infection including age category (5 –7 years) and family size (≥ 6 members) by univariate analysis (P = 0.004, 0.009 respectively) and also by the multivariate model (OR = 0.526, 0.336). Abdominal pain was the only gastrointestinal manifestation associated with the co-infection using the un...
Source: Journal of Parasitic Diseases - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: The etiology of chronic groin pain post hernia repair is related in part to nerve injury. This is supported by the high frequency of sensory symptoms and numbness in these patients. However other factors including the role of tissue injury and inflammatory postoperative changes need to be considered. KEY WORDS: Chronic postoperative pain, Inguinal hernia repair, Open surgery, Laparoscopic surgery. PMID: 31719216 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Molecular and Biochemical ParasitologyAuthor(s): Marla I Hertz, Philip M Glaessner, Amy Rush, Philip J BudgeAbstractGalectins are among the most abundant excretory/secretory (ES) products of filarial worms, but their role in filarial biology is poorly understood. Galectin-2 (Lec-2), a major component of Brugia malayi extracellular vesicles, is released by filarial worms, and was recently identified in the serum of persons with loiasis. We therefore sought to clone and characterize Lec-2, and to develop reagents to examine its potential as a biomarker and its role i...
Source: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Abstract The Editor-in-Chief has retracted this article [1] because an investigation by Keio University has concluded that there are inaccuracies in the data reported. PMID: 31730223 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Aging Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Artificial Intelligence in MedicineAuthor(s): Anam Mustaqeem, Syed Muhammad Anwar, Muhammad MajidAbstractIn the last few years, hospitals have been collecting a large amount of health related digital data for patients. This includes clinical test reports, treatment updates and disease diagnosis. The information extracted from this data is used for clinical decisions and treatment recommendations. Among health recommender systems, collaborative filtering technique has gained a significant success. However, traditional collaborative filtering algorithms are facing ch...
Source: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Fuß &SprunggelenkAuthor(s): Hubert Hörterer, Sebastian Felix Baumbach, Mareen Braunstein, Ulrike Szeimies, Wolfgang Böcker, Markus Walther, Hans PolzerZusammenfassungSchmerzen am Ansatz der Achillessehne stellen mit einer Lebenszeitinzidenz von 6% ein häufiges Krankheitsbild dar. Mittels klinischer Untersuchung, Röntgen und MRT können die Pathologien entsprechend ihrer Lokalisation in drei verschiedene Kompartimente (retro-, intra-, prä-achillär) eingeteilt werden. Führt die konservative Therapie nicht zu einer ausr...
Source: Fuss and Sprunggelenk - Category: Podiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Enzyme and Microbial TechnologyAuthor(s): Biao Zhang, Lili Ren, Dayong Xu, Haonan Wang, Zhuo Chen, Bingrong Zhang, Xin Zeng, Lianhong Sun, Feng LiAbstractQuorum sensing is a population density-dependent gene expression regulation mechanism in bacteria. The substrate specificity of RhlI, an enzyme in the RhlI–RhlR quorum sensing system of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, was explored by directed evolution to gain insight into the molecular mechanisms of quorum sensing. RhlI catalyzes S-adenosyl methionine and butanoyl or hexanoyl acyl carrier protein to form N-butanoyl...
Source: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2019Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, Volume 26, Issue 7Author(s): Mohamed A. Dkhil, Mona F. Khalil, Marwa S.M. Diab, Amira A. Bauomy, Simeon Santourlidis, Esam M. Al-Shaebi, Saleh Al-QuraishyAbstractNanomedicine is one of the most important methods used to treat human diseases including parasitic diseases. Schistosomiasis is a major parasitic disease that affects human health in tropical regions. Whilst Praziquantel is the main classic antischistosomal drug, new drugs are required due to the poor effect of the drug on the parasite juveniles and immature worms, and the emergence of dr...
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
In conclusion, promising nonchemical (plant extracts) are innocuous to adult bees. So, we strongly believed that this effort was made to evaluate the status of medicinal plants researches globally.
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Biological ControlAuthor(s): N-N Wang, K-Y Gao, N Han, R-Z Tian, J-L Zhang, X Yan, L-L HuangAbstractApple Valsa canker (AVC), caused by the fungus Valsa mali (Vm), is a serious and persistent disease affecting apple production in China that is difficult to control chemically and agriculturally. In order to develop biological control agents (BCAs) for this disease, an antifungal activity-deficient Bacillus amyloliquefaciens mutant, ED-2544, was characterized using PCR amplification, Southern blotting, and SiteFinding-PCR. The B. amyloliquefaciens ChbB(chitin-binding...
Source: Biological Control - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Carbohydrate PolymersAuthor(s): Hossein Rahmani, Seyed Heydar Mahmoudi Najafi, Alireza Ashori, Marzieh Arab Fashapoyeh, Farzaneh Aziz Mohseni, Sara TorkamanAbstractIn this research, biocomposite films containing chitosan (CS), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP), with different ratios, have been provided. The effects of adding hexamethylene 1, 6-di(aminocarboxysulfonate) (HMDACS) as cross linker and the formation of urea linkage on mechanical properties such as tensile strength and elongation and dynamic-mechanical properties such as storage mod...
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
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