Blastocystis spp. and Giardia intestinalis co-infection profile in children suffering from acute diarrhea

AbstractGiardia intestinalis andBlastocystis spp. are two common zoonotic intestinal parasites responsible for the majority of diarrheic cases, especially in children. The study was planned to determine the impact role of bothGiardia andBlastocystis co-infection in children up to 12  years old with acute diarrhea in Beni-Suef, Egypt. Also, to estimate the general prevalence rates and risk factors associated with intestinal parasitic infections. Stool samples collected from 125 children, within a period of 7 months, were examined using direct wet mount and trichrome stain in c omparison to in vitro culture on Jones medium (for detectingBlastocystis spp.) and Immunochromatography techniques (for detectingGiardia). At least one type of intestinal parasites was harbored in 72% of the studied children, single infection constituted 37.6% while, 34.4% were polyparasitized children. The predominant parasites involved wereBlastocystis spp.(53.6%), followed byGiardia intestinalis (27.2%). Co-infection between both parasites was recorded in 20% of cases. Two risk factors were significantly associated with higher risk ofGiardia-Blastocystis co-infection including age category (5 –7 years) and family size (≥ 6 members) by univariate analysis (P = 0.004, 0.009 respectively) and also by the multivariate model (OR = 0.526, 0.336). Abdominal pain was the only gastrointestinal manifestation associated with the co-infection using the un...
Source: Journal of Parasitic Diseases - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research

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