Researchers Develop New Opioid Detection Breath Test

(CBS) – Breathalyzer tests have been around for years to help identify drunk drivers, but soon there could soon be a similar test for opioids. Engineers and physicians at the University of California, Davis have developed a test that can detect opioids in the exhaled breath of patients taking pain medications like morphine and oxycodone. They hope to eventually have a real time test which could help doctors and nurses determine whether patients with chronic pain are taking their medications properly, and also to check for illegal drug use. The team is also working on similar breath-based tests that could screen for other conditions, like influenza infection in patients with flu-like symptoms.
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News Syndicated Local Confronting The Crisis opioids Source Type: news

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In this study, the cerebral-protective effect of crocin was evaluated on a rat transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model. Our data showed that oral administration of crocin had better effectiveness in cerebral protection than an intravenous injection. Neither crocin nor its metabolite crocetin were determined in the brain of cerebral I/R rats, indicating a target site of periphery. Abundant crocetin was detected in plasma after oral administration instead of intravenous injection of crocin. Meanwhile, orally administered crocetin showed similar cerebral protection to that of crocin, but this exciting effect w...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, we sought to further characterize ILC2s in the kidney, their location within this organ and determine their functional role in IRI using a loss-of-function approach. Here, we found that kidney ILC2s constitutively express IL-5 and are primarily located in close proximity to the renal vasculature, within the adventitia. Additionally, we demonstrate that a reduction, deficiency or depletion of ILC2s had minimal impact on the severity of IRI. Whilst activation of ILC2s and the associated amplification of local type 2 immunity has been previously shown to reduce the deleterious consequences of AKI, our results r...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion This paper summarizes the current findings regarding the anti-colitis activity of plant-derived alkaloids and shows how these alkaloids exhibit significant and beneficial effects in alleviating colonic inflammation. These natural alkaloids are not only promising agents for IBD treatment but are also components for developing new wonder drugs. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms or toxicological evaluation of most plant-derived alkaloids still require much scientific research, and their actual efficacies for IBD patients have not been verified well in field research. Thus, further clinical trials to elu...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Adriano Queiroz1, Isabella Fernanda Dantas Pinto2, Maricélia Lima3, Marta Giovanetti1,4, Jaqueline Goes de Jesus1, Joilson Xavier1, Fernanda Khouri Barreto5, Gisele André Baptista Canuto6, Helineide Ramos do Amaral7, Ana Maria Bispo de Filippis4, Denise Lima Mascarenhas8, Melissa Barreto Falcão8, Normeide Pedreira Santos8, Vasco Ariston de Carvalho Azevedo9, Marcos Yukio Yoshinaga2*, Sayuri Miyamoto2 and Luiz Carlos Junior Alcantara1,4,10* 1Laboratório de Patologia Experimental, Instituto Gonçalo Moniz, Salvador, Brazil 2Departamento de Bioquímica, Instituto de Quími...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusion
Source: blog.bioethics.net - Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Tags: Health Care syndicated Source Type: blogs
Introduction: Patients with Multiple Myeloma (MM) are living longer due to therapeutic advancements. With improving MM outcomes, supportive care measures focused on optimizing quality of life and minimizing treatment-related toxicities have become more relevant. Patients with MM report high rates of bone pain, skeletal-related events and infections for which bisphosphonates, influenza vaccination, and antiviral prophylaxis have been recommended. The extent to which these supportive care measures are used during routine clinical practice and the factors predicting utilization remain unknown.Methods: We selected older adults...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 902. Health Services Research-Malignant Diseases: Quality Of Life Studies Source Type: research
This study examined influenza vaccination in patients with SCD as a potential marker of quality of care delivery. The study population included black individuals aged 1 to =1 diagnosis of stroke, TIA or epilepsy/recurrent seizures); cardio pulmonary complications (>=1 diagnosis of chronic pulmonary heart disease, pulmonary hypertension, malaise and fatigue, edema, chest pain or hypoxemia); kidney disease (>=1 diagnosis of chronic kidney disease/renal failure, proteinuria), avascular necrosis or ulcer of lower limbs (adapted from Afenyi-Annan, 2008, Candrilli. 2011, Elmariah. 2014). A total of 1544 patients with SCD w...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 903. Outcomes Research-Non-Malignant Hematology: Poster II Source Type: research
The 2017-2018 flu season was a bad one. The dominant viral strain, H3N2, was a particularly severe form of influenza, leading to widespread and serious illness across the country. The flu and its complications killed around 80,000 people last year, the CDC estimates, including 180 children. That’s the highest flu death toll in four decades. Experts say early indications suggest that this year’s flu season will be milder, but the memory of last winter should still serve as motivation to get the flu shot this fall. Here’s what you need to know about the 2018 flu shot. When should I get the flu shot? The CD...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthytime onetime public health Source Type: news
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 010 Peer Reviewer: Dr Jennifer Ho, ID physician QLD, Australia You are an ED doc working in Perth over schoolies week. An 18 yo man comes into ED complaining of fever, rash a “cracking headache” and body aches. He has just hopped off the plane from Bali where he spent the last 2 weeks partying, boozing and running amok. He got bitten by “loads” of mosquitoes because he forgot to take insect repellent. On e...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Cases Tropical Medicine arthralgia dengue fever rash Source Type: blogs
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 009 The diagnosis of HIV is no longer fatal and the term AIDS is becoming less frequent. In many countries, people with HIV are living longer than those with diabetes. This post will hopefully teach the basics of a complex disease and demystify some of the potential diseases you need to consider in those who are severely immunosuppressed. While trying to be comprehensive this post can not be exhaustive (as you can imagine any patient with ...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Cases Tropical Medicine AIDS art cryptococcoma cryptococcus HIV HIV1 HIV2 PEP PrEP TB toxoplasma tuberculoma Source Type: blogs
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