Preclinical Evaluation of Antitumoral and Cytotoxic Properties of Viscum album Fraxini Extract on Pediatric Tumor Cells
Planta Med DOI: 10.1055/a-1013-0382In Europe, especially in German-speaking countries, administration of mistletoe extracts is the most common and popular complementary and alternative therapy approach reported in oncology. Mistletoe therapy is applied to children with cancer for curative and palliative therapeutic regimes with increasing frequency, but at the same time, there are only a few studies on the effectiveness of this therapy. Therefore, we have investigated the response of various pediatric cell lines (acute myeloid leukemia, Ewingʼs sarcoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, medulloblastoma, neuroblastoma, and osteosarcoma) to mistletoe extract, abnobaVISCUM Fraxini. Effects on cell proliferation, cell cycle distribution as well as on mitochondrial integrity and caspase-mediated apoptosis were investigated in neuroblastoma cell lines, SH-SY5Y and Kelly. Additionally, in vitro tumor cell migration and invasion were studied. In vivo effects of the mistletoe extract were investigated in a syngeneic neuroblastoma mouse model. We could show that tumor cell lines were from 5- to 640-fold more sensitive to abnobaVISCUM Fraxini treatment than non-tumorigenic fibroblasts, whereby neuroblastoma cell lines were the most sensitive. For two neuroblastoma cell lines, SH-SY5Y and Kelly, induction of caspase-9-mediated apoptosis, a decrease of mitochondrial integrity as well as attenuation of migration and invasion were observed. In vivo experiments revealed a reduction of tumor growth ...
Publication date: Available online 17 November 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Zhengzheng Xu, Guangzhe Ge, Bao Guan, Zhentao Lei, Xueyu Hao, Yuanyuan Zhou, Yue Shi, Huan Lu, Jilu Wang, Ding Peng, XiKang Wu, Huiying He, Bao Zhang, Xuesong Li, Liqun Zhou, Weimin Ci
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Pirus Ghadjar, Thomas Wiegel
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Elise De Bleser, Piet Ost
ConclusionsTattooing of axillary LNs is safe and easily performed. Tattooing was helpful in identifying the marked LN in the majority of cases. This technique helps to ensure that metastatic LNs are identified and removed at surgery after NAT.
Individuals who have multiple close relatives with pancreatic cancer should undergo surveillance for pancreatic cancer, according to updated recommendations from the International Cancer of the Pancreas Screening (CAPS) Consortium.Reuters Health Information
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Gynecologic Oncology ReportsAuthor(s): Hermineh Aramin, Pratistha Koirala, Abhishek Shah, Kendall Adams, Natalia Buza, Sapna Desai, Melissa Fairbairn, David Goldenberg, Wenli Gao, Linus Chuang, Ramapriya Vidhun, Vaagn Andikyan
Publication date: Available online 17 November 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Ali Dehshahri, Milad Ashrafizadeh, Elham Ghasemipour Afshar, Abbas Pardakhty, Ali Mandegary, Reza Mohammadinejad, Gautam SethiAbstractTopoisomerase enzymes have shown unique roles in replication and transcription. These enzymes which were initially found in Escherichia coli have attracted considerable attention as target molecules for cancer therapy. Nowadays, there are several topoisomerase inhibitors in the market to treat or at least control the progression of cancer. However, significant toxicity, low solubility and poor pharm...
Publication date: Available online 17 November 2019Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical AnalysisAuthor(s): Pelin Şenel, Soykan Agar, V. Oyku Sayin, Filiz Altay, Mine Yurtsever, Ayşegül GölcüAbstractFludarabine is a purine derivative, anti-neoplastic drug and is still being used in the treatments of chronic lymphocytic leukemia, small lymphocytic lymphoma, acute myeloid leukemia, Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. It achieves its function by interacting with DNA. Therefore, the binding interactions of such drugs with deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is an important subject for pharmaceutical and biochemic...
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Journal of Evidence Based Dental PracticeAuthor(s): Walter J. Psoter, Erin T. Shope
ConclusionsOral HPV infection is significantly prevalent and widespread worldwide, particularly among men and among populations at risk. Prevalence has increased during the last two decades.
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