How often suspected pulmonary embolism is diagnosed and its main diagnostic characteristics, in an emergency nuclear medicine service? Four years experience.

We present our 4 years experience on this subject. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied 2178 lung perfusion scintigraphies (LPS). Of them 1846 were performed to patients suspected for APE admitted to the emergency departments of the University Polyclinic of Bari and examined immediately by our Nuclear Medicine Department. Contingency tables and odds ratio (OR) were used to estimate the relation between symptoms, risk factors, D-dimers dosage, other imaging diagnostic tools and LPS results. RESULTS: Lung perfusion scintigraphy was positive for APE in 309/1846 (16.7%) patients which then were treated successfully. In 89.5% of these, 309 patients D-dimer dosage was previously examined and was increased in 97.7% of them, but was not predictive of APE (OR=1.04, P=1). Among all symptoms, a low diagnostic capacity was found for cough (OR=1.25, P=0.066) and for chest pain (OR=0.95, P=649). On the contrary, dyspnea was a significant symptom correlated with positive LPS (OR=1.78, P
Source: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Hell J Nucl Med Source Type: research

Related Links:

RARITAN, NJ, March 28, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson today announced the VOYAGER PAD study met its primary efficacy and principal safety endpoints, demonstrating the XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) vascular dose (2.5 mg twice daily) plus aspirin (100 mg once daily) was superior to aspirin alone in reducing the risk of major adverse limb and cardiovascular (CV) events by 15 percent in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) after lower-extremity revascularization, with similar rates of TIMI[1] major bleeding. VOYAGER PAD is the only study to show a significant benefit...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
RARITAN, N.J., March 20, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today that it will unveil late-breaking data from its leading cardiovascular and metabolism portfolio during the virtual American College of Cardiology’s 69th Annual Scientific Session together with the World Congress of Cardiology (ACC.20/WCC) on March 28-30, 2020. Notably, four late-breaking abstracts for XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) will be presented, including data from the Phase 3 VOYAGER PAD study in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) after lower-extremity revascularization.Click to ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
The limitations of clinical decision rules1 are exemplified by the performance of the Wells criteria in primary care.2 The latter study enrolled 598 patients in whom the general practitioner considered that pulmonary embolism might be present. Suspicion of pulmonary embolism was based on the presence of 1 or more of the following symptoms: unexplained (sudden) dyspnea, deterioration in existing dyspnea, pleuritic pain, and unexplained cough. After recording the Wells score, the primary care doctor was required to refer the patient to secondary care for further evaluation.
Source: The American Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Letter Source Type: research
Authors: Underner M, Peiffer G, Perriot J, Jaafari N Abstract Cocaine can be responsible for many psychiatric and/or somatic disorders. The aim of this systematic literature review of data was to expose relations between cocaine use and pulmonary complications. Cocaine can be responsible for acute respiratory symptoms (cough, black sputum, hemoptysis, dyspnea, wheezing, chest pain) and for various pulmonary disorders including barotrauma (pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, subcutaneous emphysema, pneumopericardium), airway damage, asthma, bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia, acute pulmonary edema, alve...
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
Pulmonary thromboembolism (PE) causes high morbidity and mortality. Due to limited information about the disease in our country, information from others must often be used. That is why we conducted a prospective observational study on the epidemiology of PE treated in a high complexity hospital from Colombia.A search of the scientific literature was carried out finding several initiatives and only two previous local ones. A review of the risk factors, clinical presentation, diagnostic process, treatment, complications and prognosis of the disease was used to construct the tool for data collection in the RedCap program. Bet...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Pulmonary embolism Source Type: research
Authors: James J, Thulaseedharan NK, Jayachandran NV, Geetha P Abstract Lemierres syndrome (LS) refers to suppurative thrombophlebitis of internal jugular vein (IJV) secondary to oropharyngeal infection. It is caused by the anaerobic bacteria Fusobacterium necrophorum. Here we report a case of LS secondary to retropharyngeal abscess in a pregnant lady with possible underlying connective tissue disorder. A 19-year old primigravida at 6-weeks of gestation, presented with fever, cough, dyspnea, right sided neck pain and swelling. Imaging showed right lower lobe pneumonia with bilateral pulmonary infiltrates and pleura...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Discussion Pulmonary embolism (PE) is potentially life-threatening but fortunately rare event especially in the pediatric population. It was first described in children in 1861. PE is likely underreported because of minimal or non-specific clinical symptoms. The incidence is estimated at 0.05-4.2% with the 4.2% based on autopsy reports. It is probably also increasing as more central venous catheters (CVC) are used, and more children are surviving previously poor prognostic diseases. There is a bimodal distribution with cases
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
A 40-something male with no PMH of any kind presented  to urgent care on a weekend (cath team is at home) with cough starting 2 weeks prior and SOB one week prior.He underwent a chest x-ray:As this was consistent with " pulmonary edema vs. viral infection, " and he was transferred to the EDThe faculty physician did an immediate cardiac and lung ultrasound:Many B lines (probable pulmonary edema)Parasternal short axis cardiac ultrasound:The anterior wall is closest to the transducer and shows an obvious wall motion abnormalityFurther history:The patient denied chest pain but stated that he had had ab...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Authors: Mian A, Singal AK, Bakhshi S, Sood R, Vikram NK, Ray A Abstract A 21-year old female, recently diagnosed with osteosarcoma of right humerus, presented to the emergency with history of fever, productive cough, chest pain and progressive respiratory distress for six days. Initial investigations suggested pneumonia but she did not respond to parenteral antibiotics. CT pulmonary angiogram revealed bilateral pulmonary artery embolism. Thrombolysis was performed using alteplase, which failed to improve the clinical condition. In view of underlying malignancy, a possibility of tumour-embolism was considered and s...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 April 2019Source: Revista Clínica Española (English Edition)Author(s): L.C. García Gómez, L. Castilla Guerra, M. Gandullo Moro, R. Cano Alba, M. Paniagua García, M.Á. Colmenero CamachoAbstractBackgroundDiagnosing pulmonary embolisms can be challenging, given that its presentation shares clinical manifestations with other conditions. For patients 80 years of age or older, the healthcare challenge increases due to associated comorbidity when compared with younger patients (
Source: Revista Clinica Espanola - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
More News: Angiography | Cough | CT Scan | Emergency Medicine | Intensive Care | Nuclear Medicine | Pain | Pain Management | Perfusion | Pulmonary Thromboembolism