Can Radiolucent Foreign Bodies Be Identified?

Discussion Foreign bodies are common problems for young children particularly ages 2-4 years who will mouth many objects and aspirate or swallow them. Children will also place foreign objects in other body orifices such as ears or noses. It is also not uncommon that young girls will inadvertently have toilet paper caught in the vaginal area during hygiene. Many of these foreign bodies may work their way out naturally not causing any problems, or may come to attention later because of chronic problems such as a foul-smell or discharge. Older children may tell adults that they have placed a foreign body in an orifice and thus have it come to attention. Because mouthing food and non-food objects is common in young children, it is not uncommon that the children will cough or choke. Usually this expels the objects and fixes the problem. Parents may not even notice the episode as coughing and choking in general occurs frequently in young children. Some children will have more significant problems if the objects lodges in the airway or at particular points in the gastrointestinal tract, and therefore have continued symptoms and come to medical attention. For example, in a 2013 retrospective review of patients who underwent bronchoscopy for suspected radiolucent foreign body aspiration, most were witnessed events (81%) in a ~2.6 year old (average age), who continued to have problems with wheezing (64%), coughing (43%), choking (39%), stridor (6%) or lethargy (0.7%). Bronchoscopy fou...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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Asthma is a chronic airway inflammatory disorder related to variable expiratory airflow limitation, leading to wheeze, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and cough. Its characteristic features include airway inflammation, airway remodeling and airway hyperresponsiveness. The pathogenesis of asthma remains extremely complicated and the detailed mechanisms are not clarified. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to play a prominent role in asthma and function as modulators of various aspects in pathological progress of asthma. Here, we summarize recent advances of lncRNAs in asthma pathogenesis to guide fu...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Exposome encompasses all human environmental exposures from conception onwards. The impact of environmental exposures is greatest in critical stages of life including fetal and early childhood. Birth cohorts provide a good study setting to assess exposome in the sensitive periods of life. Here, we review birth cohorts with an exposomic approach, their key outcomes and challenges. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE was searched for birth cohorts that have employed an exposomic approach. Study Selections Relevant studies in English language were selected and reviewed. RESULTS: The outcomes of birth ...
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol Source Type: research
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Source: Lung - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
A 12-year old girl presented to our paediatrics department with exacerbation of febrile asthma. Both parents reported flu-like symptoms for the previous ten days, including fever, cough, anosmia and ageusia and upper respiratory infections were reported in relatives. The patient reported appearance of a rhinorrhoea and a cough three days earlier with asthenia and feeling of oppression without dyspnoea. Symptoms worsened over the following two days with breathing difficulties and fever. The patient had a history of asthma but reported no recent salbutamol intake.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusion: Mine tailing contributed to ambient air pollution, which has significantly decreased lung functions in the local women residents and produced the restrictive type of lung abnormality.
Source: Indian Journal of Community Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
Loki zupa formula is kind of a traditional medicines which used to treat airway diseases, especially those caused by abnormal phlegm, such as cough, asthma and chronic bronchitis. The study aim was to explore ...
Source: Chinese Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
This article reviews the featured clinical manifestations and pathogenesis of the comorbidity according to the progress of related studies. Clinical studies have shown that the comorbidity rate of pediatric VVS and/or POTS with allergic diseases amounts to ~30–40%, referring to the whole population of children with VVS and/or POTS. Additionally, children with the comorbidity present some relatively special clinical characteristics. A series of mechanisms or regulatory factors relating to allergies, such as the imbalance of vasoactive elements, dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system (ANS), and autoimmunity may pl...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Five months after coronavirus took root in the U.S., face masks remain one of the most controversial and confusing parts of the pandemic. Changing public-health messaging hasn’t helped. In March, when personal protective equipment (PPE) was running short, top U.S. public-health officials told Americans that the general public did not need masks because they don’t fully block respiratory particles that spread COVID-19, such as those in a sick person’s cough or sneeze. Most masks are best at preventing particles from getting into the air where others might inhale them, so, at first, the U.S. Centers for Dis...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news
Doctors of the World UK (DOTW) is working to improve rough sleepers’ access to healthcare in the City of London. We have secured new funding from the City of London Corporation to run weekly outreach sessions until July 2021, in partnership with homeless charity St Mungo’s. The service is being led by our mobile clinic coordinator Dr Durga Sivasathiaseelan and follows a successful six-month pilot project. Durga shares her experience returning to the streets of London to support this vulnerable population. The city feels like it’s changed. Pubs, bars and restaurants are open again, and...
Source: Doctors of the World News - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Uncategorised Source Type: news
Authors: Kurokawa R, Kanemitsu Y, Fukumitsu K, Takeda N, Yap JM, Suzuki M, Mori Y, Fukuda S, Uemura T, Tajiri T, Ohkubo H, Maeno K, Ito Y, Oguri T, Takemura M, Niimi A Abstract BACKGROUND: The frequency scale for the symptoms of GERD (FSSG) questionnaire, which originally consists of acid-reflux and dysmotility symptom domains, is a succinct questionnaire to evaluate gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the utility of subjective questionnaire of GERD for the diagnosis of GERD-related cough by using FSSG questionnaire. METHODS: We recruited 256 patients with subacute/chron...
Source: Journal of Asthma - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research
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