Can Radiolucent Foreign Bodies Be Identified?

Discussion Foreign bodies are common problems for young children particularly ages 2-4 years who will mouth many objects and aspirate or swallow them. Children will also place foreign objects in other body orifices such as ears or noses. It is also not uncommon that young girls will inadvertently have toilet paper caught in the vaginal area during hygiene. Many of these foreign bodies may work their way out naturally not causing any problems, or may come to attention later because of chronic problems such as a foul-smell or discharge. Older children may tell adults that they have placed a foreign body in an orifice and thus have it come to attention. Because mouthing food and non-food objects is common in young children, it is not uncommon that the children will cough or choke. Usually this expels the objects and fixes the problem. Parents may not even notice the episode as coughing and choking in general occurs frequently in young children. Some children will have more significant problems if the objects lodges in the airway or at particular points in the gastrointestinal tract, and therefore have continued symptoms and come to medical attention. For example, in a 2013 retrospective review of patients who underwent bronchoscopy for suspected radiolucent foreign body aspiration, most were witnessed events (81%) in a ~2.6 year old (average age), who continued to have problems with wheezing (64%), coughing (43%), choking (39%), stridor (6%) or lethargy (0.7%). Bronchoscopy fou...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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We present a 48 year-old active duty physician who initially presented in 2007 with dyspnea and cough. Despite the absence of variable obstruction on spirometry, a clinical diagnosis of asthma was made. The patient's symptoms were temporized with inhaled corticosteroids and bronchodilators, titrated to his symptoms, until eventual therapeutic failure resulted in re-referral to pulmonary. Chest computed tomography (CT) showed ground-glass nodules and patchy airspace opacities with evidence of thoracic lymphadenopathy. A positron emission tomography CT (PET CT) showed diffuse adenopathy throughout his thorax and abdomen with...
Source: Respiratory Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Respir Med Case Rep Source Type: research
I picked up particular respirator masks so that I can go outdoors again. I ’ve apparently developed asthma due to the pollution in Salt Lake Valley and the California forest fires. It’s why I’ve been so horribly sick since September. I’ve been a near complete shut-in. Alas, I overdid things yesterday. I looked like a dork in my mask, but I happily ran errands all over town. I also worked out on my treadmill, exercise bike, and did twenty minutes of aerobic activity. Unfortunately, I forgot to use both my inhaler&nebulizer. My lungs are burning again, and the cough has returned. 🙄 I feel ...
Source: The Splintered Mind by Douglas Cootey - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ADHD Depression Journaling Writing Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsCompared with Montelukast, CHMs were more effective and had less adverse effects in the treatment of CVA.
Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Chen LC, Zeng GS, Wu LL, Zi M, Fang ZK, Fan HZ, Yu HP Abstract Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic value of fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) and maximum mid-expiratory flow (MMEF) for differentiating cough variant asthma (CVA) from chronic cough in patients with or without allergic rhinitis.Methods: In total, 328 patients with chronic cough who underwent spirometry and FeNO testing were consecutively included in the retrospective analysis. Patients were divided into the CVA (n = 125) or NCVA (n = 203) groups according to the diagnostic criteria of CVA. Receiver operating...
Source: Journal of Asthma - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionWhether non ‐asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis (NAEB) shows response to bronchodilator (RB) remains unclear.ObjectivesTo investigate the RB and its relationship with clinical and pathophysiological features in NAEB.MethodsFifty ‐one patients with NAEB were assigned in a 2:1 ratio to receive oral bambuterol hydrochloride (n=34, 10mg, once daily, for 3 days) or matched placebo (n=17) randomly, of whom 48 patients (32 with bronchodilator and 16 with placebo) completed the study. Sputum induction, spirometry and cough reflex sensitivity were measured. RB was considered when cough VAS score decreased 30%...
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Discussion The respiratory system is a complex system. The upper airways must remain patient. The lower airways must interface with the vascular system. The musculoskeletal system must provide mechanical function and the central nervous system must provide overall control. Respiratory failure occurs when the overall system cannot support the body’s necessarily ventilation, oxygenation or both. Children are at higher risk of respiratory failure. They have few intrinsic lung parenchyma problems, but have very small airways that increase the airflow resistance by themselves but then have to contend with problems such as...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: HBoV can be detected alone and in co-infection respiratory samples of children with an acute respiratory tract infection. A cause-effect relationship between HBoV and respiratory infection is not clear, so further studies are needed to clarify this point. PMID: 31776891 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: World Journal of Pediatrics : WJP - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: World J Pediatr Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated whether D. sophia water extract (DSWE) can alleviate airway inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in the lungs of a murine asthma model. Female BALB/c mice were divided into five groups: normal controls, ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized asthmatic mice, and OVA-sensitized mice treated with DSWE (2, 4, 8 g/day) by intraperitoneal injection. After sacrificing the mice, serum was collected to detect OVA-specific antibodies by ELISA, as well as bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) to detect cytokine levels. We also detected gene expression and histopathologically evaluated the lungs of asthmatic...
Source: The American Journal of Chinese Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Chin Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: Dyspnoea, limited activity and cough were problems of most importance to patients with severe asthma. Few interventions have been tested in severe asthma that specifically target these symptoms, suggesting a need to develop new targeted approaches.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Nurses Source Type: research
Conclusions: Respiratory symptoms are associated with subsequent respiratory hospitalisations and death in individuals with preserved pulmonary function without known airway disease.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research
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