Insights From Atrial Fibrillation Genomics: From Bedside to Bench and Back Again

From the bedside of patients contributing samples to large genome-wide association studies for atrial fibrillation (AF), over 100 AF risk loci have been identified. The top locus is near a gene implicated in pulmonary vein formation; the ostia of the pulmonary veins harbor initiating triggers of AF, and isolation of these areas is the cornerstone of ablation therapies for AF. Transcriptomic studies suggest that AF is associated with impaired or overwhelmed responses to cell stress. A dual risk model proposes that in genetically-susceptible individuals, inadequate transcriptional responses to stress predispose to AF in later life. Drugs targeting metabolic, oxidative, or protein handling stress may be novel upstream agents to bring back to the bedside for study in the prevention of AF.
Source: Cardiology in Review - Category: Cardiology Tags: Symposium Source Type: research

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