Perfusion Computed Tomography in Acute Ischemic Stroke.

This article reviews PCT for the evaluation of AIS patients. PMID: 31582038 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

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Temporary middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in sheep allows modeling of acute large vessel occlusion stroke and subsequent vessel recanalization. However, rapid and precise imaging-based assessment of vessel occlusion and the resulting perfusion deficit during MCAO still represents an experimental challenge. Here, we tested feasibility and suitability of a strategy for MCAO verification and perfusion deficit assessment. We also compared the extent of the initial perfusion deficit and subsequent lesion size for different MCAO durations. The rete mirabile prevents reliable vascular imaging investigation of middle cereb...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: This case exemplifies the potential of tenecteplase in achieving swift reperfusion in patients with large vessel occlusion associated with a substantial mismatch penumbral pattern.
Source: The Neurologist - Category: Neurology Tags: Case Report/Case Series Source Type: research
Imaging protocols for acute ischemic stroke varies significantly from center to center leading to challenges in research translation. We aimed to assess the inter-rater reliability of collateral grading systems derived from dynamic computed tomography angiography (CTA) and an optimized multiphase CTA and, to analyze the association of the two CTA modalities with CT perfusion (CTP) compartments by comparing the accuracy of dynamic CTA (dCTA) and optimized multiphase CTA (omCTA) in identifying CT perfusion (CTP) target mismatch patients. Acute ischemic stroke patients with a proximal large vessel occlusion who underwent whol...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Epilepsy &BehaviorAuthor(s): Giada Pauletto, Francesco Bax, Gian Luigi Gigli, Simone Lorenzut, Lorenzo Verriello, Elisa Corazza, Mariarosaria ValenteAbstractAim of the studyThe aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients with previous stroke (either ischemic or hemorrhagic), who developed status epilepticus (SE) mimicking a stroke relapse.Materials and methodsWe performed a retrospective cohort study of patients brought to hospital by the emergency service between December 2016 and January 2018 with a stroke code as possible candida...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients with previous stroke (either ischemic or hemorrhagic), who developed status epilepticus (SE) mimicking a stroke relapse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients brought to hospital by the emergency service between December 2016 and January 2018 with a stroke code as possible candidates for intravenous thrombolysis and who had already have a previous stroke. Among them, patients admitted for negative symptoms and finally discharged with a diagnosis of SE mimicking stroke...
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
Background and Purpose: Automated imaging software is integral to decision-making in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) during extended time windows. RAPID software is the most widely used and has been validated in landmark endovascular trials. Olea software is another commercially available and FDA-approved software, but has not been studied in AIS trials. We aimed to compare the diagnostic utility and accuracy of RAPID and Olea in everyday clinical practice outside of a clinical trial. Methods: We analyzed prospectively-collected data from a consecutive cohort of 141 patients with suspected AIS who underwent computed tomography...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Objectives: Endovascular therapy (EVT) improves outcomes for appropriately selected acute ischemic stroke patients. Guidelines suggest rapid acquisition of noninvasive vascular imaging to screen suspected ischemic stroke patients for large vessel occlusion (LVO) and candidacy for EVT. We sought to quantify the yield of an LVO stroke screening process in an undifferentiated emergency department (ED) suspected stroke population as well as identify predictors of successful EVT. Methods: We identified a cohort of consecutive ED patients who received CT angiography and brain perfusion (CTA/P) imaging to determine candidacy for EVT during 2016.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: This case report suggests that further randomized studies may evaluate whether repeated IVtPA may be safe and effective in ERS occurring shortly after a previous stroke when patients experience a period of complete neurological regression, minor disability, and a small infarct volume. Should the hypothesis be confirmed, small volume core and wide volume penumbra at perfusion CT may support the decision of adopting IVtPA repetition.
Source: The Neurologist - Category: Neurology Tags: Case Report/Case Series Source Type: research
AbstractThe RAPID © software is the most commonly used computed tomography perfusion (CTP) software in stroke centers. It is estimated that about 1300 hospitals in the world are using this software for decision-making in ischemic stroke. The software provides the estimated volume of infarction and ischemic penumbra, so it is the backbone of treatment planning in these patients. In this manuscript, we present two cases of subacute infarction with misleading CTP using RAPID© software. We believe that given the popularity of this software and increasing application of CTP in subacute infarction, this pitfall is like...
Source: Emergency Radiology - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract Important milestones of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) treatment were achieved in recent years. The results of two randomized controlled trials revealed that intravenous thrombolysis is efficacious for treatment of AIS patients with a symptom onset
Source: Der Nervenarzt - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Nervenarzt Source Type: research
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