A systematic review and evaluation of Zika virus forecasting and prediction research during a public health emergency of international concern

ConclusionsMany ZIKV predictions were published during the 2016 –2017 pandemic. The accessibility, reproducibility, timeliness, and incorporation of uncertainty in these published predictions varied and indicates there is substantial room for improvement. To enhance the utility of analytical tools for outbreak response it is essential to improve the sharing of model data, code, and preprints for future outbreaks, epidemics, and pandemics.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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ConclusionsDental-related pain is often managed by nondental health care professionals in an ED or urgent care setting. An EHR alert may help quickly identify high-risk patients; however, the impact of alerts on prescribing patterns needs further evaluation. The decision regarding the type and quantity of medication to prescribe is complicated by lack of patient access to definitive dental treatment and lack of dental-specific training of prescribers. The limitations of this study include selective inclusion of encounters with specific ICD-9/ICD-10 codes, data limited to objectively searchable criteria, data collection for...
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Chikungunya (CHIK) fever is a tropical arbovirosis characterized by sudden fever, headache, rash, and severe arthralgia. The disease has been suggested to act as a trigger for several autoimmune disorders, especially rheumatoid arthritis. This abstract reports 2 cases of Sj ögren syndrome (SS) following CHIK infection. Both patients were female and presented with fever, arthralgia, rash, and arthritis during CHIK outbreak in Recife, Brazil. After several months, they developed severe sicca symptoms and 1 of them presented with parotid enlargement.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
To describe oral alterations in children with Zika congenital syndrome (ZCS).
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
GIDEON what’s new summary: December 13 to December 15, 2019 Infectious Diseases – Outbreaks (45 updates) 45 DiseasesMap Infectious Diseases – Diseases (237 updates) 12 Clinical notes73 Diseases152 Country notesMap Infectious Diseases – Vaccines (1 updates) 1 Vaccine Microbiology – Bacteria (1 updates) 1 Bacteria The post Update: December 15, 2019 appeared first on GIDEON - Global Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Online Network.
Source: GIDEON blog - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: What's New Source Type: blogs
Abstract In recent years, there have been numerous calls by researchers to adopt multi-disciplinary and international perspectives to address the HIV pandemic. Meaningful and prudent public health policy should be based on sound empirical data and research. Henceforth, our study aims to contribute to the current literature by conducting a comprehensive global mapping and determine the landscapes of HIV/AIDS research covering the years between 1983 and 2017. Bibliometric and content analysis was used to describe trends in research productivity, usages, research collaborations, and clusters of research topics. Explo...
Source: AIDS Reviews - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: AIDS Rev Source Type: research
Conclusions Apart West Nile virus (78), thousands of congenital microcephaly cases, fetal brain tissue damage and neurological syndromes have been associated with ZIKV infection. Unfortunately, the epidemics of this mosquito born, and a relative stable virus is on a rise. Although congenital microcephaly is a rare disorder however, due to lack of standardized diagnostic test facilities, the incidence in the geographically widespread ZIKV epidemic regions is higher. Animals studies showed that ZIKV is a neurotropic virus. It directly targets the developing embryonic brain cells by inducing apoptosis, cell-cycle arrest, and...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
INTRODUCTION Given the ongoing and unpredictable threat to human health posed by recent emerging infectious diseases (EID), the appearance and exportation of future novel pathogens is expected to continue and, with it, our dependence on reliable risk communication to assist in disease containment. Rapid pathogenic genetic changes and travel-associated infections have contributed to the difficulty containing the spread of diseases.1 Apart from the ongoing Zika virus epidemic, the most salient example of EID in our closely interconnected world is the unprecedented 2014 Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic in West Africa. Alth...
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
Follow me at @JohnRossMD Back in January, Dr. Anne Schuchat, Deputy Director of the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), didn’t seem all that worried about Zika. She expected it to cause only “very limited outbreaks” in the United States. Now, she’s not so sure. Last week, Dr. Schuchat admitted that Zika virus “seems to be a bit scarier than we initially thought.” Her unusual comments may be aimed partly at Congress, which has been reluctant to fund Zika control measures. But there are several reasons that public health officials are more nervous about Zika now than they were a few months ...
Source: New Harvard Health Information - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Family Planning and Pregnancy Health Infectious diseases Prevention Travel health zika zika virus Source Type: news
This study has numerous limitations related to the model simulations. We do not account for vector control practices in the simulations and thus abundance may be overestimated (as suggested during the off-peak months in Miami and Phoenix in the validation). There is incomplete understanding of how temperature may limit population dynamics at the geographic margins of Ae. aegypti survival68, where sensitivity to poorly-constrained meteorological thresholds may hamper model performance. For example, because knowledge of egg survival during winter in marginal areas is limited68, we artificially introduce eggs into the simulat...
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
I convened an Emergency Committee, under the International Health Regulations, to gather advice on the severity of the health threat associated with the continuing spread of Zika virus disease in Latin America and the Caribbean. The Committee met today by teleconference. In assessing the level of threat, the 18 experts and advisers looked in particular at the strong association, in time and place, between infection with the Zika virus and a rise in detected cases of congenital malformations and neurological complications.
Source: WHO news - Category: Global & Universal Tags: communicable disease [subject], infectious diseases, disease outbreaks [subject], outbreak, outbreaks, epidemics, pandemic, disease control, emergencies [subject], emergency preparedness, crises, emergency preparedness, emergencies [subject], emergency pr Source Type: news
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