Efficacy of zinc supplementation in the management of acute diarrhoea: a randomised controlled trial.

This study investigated the efficacy of zinc supplementation on the treatment outcomes of children admitted to hospital with acute diarrhoea. Methods: A double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in the Srinakharinwirot University Hospital's Paediatric Department, Thailand. Eligible children were randomly allocated to receive either zinc bisglycinate (15 mg elemental zinc) or a placebo. The study protocol was registered in the Thai Clinical Trials Registry (TCTR20190423004). Results: Of 86 patients, 50 (58.1%) were male and the mean age (range) was 2.5 years (6 months to 9.3 years). The median (IQR) number of hours to recovery from diarrhoea was significantly less in the zinc group than in the controls [44 (24-48) vs 52 (36-80) hours, respectively, p
Source: Paediatrics and international child health - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Paediatr Int Child Health Source Type: research

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Publication date: November 2019Source: Journal of Comparative Pathology, Volume 173Author(s): H. Aupperle-Lellbach, K. Törner, M. Staudacher, E. Müller, K. Steiger, R. KlopfleischSummaryPancreatic carcinomas are rare in dogs and clinical signs are mostly non-specific. The literature on clinically and pathologically characterized canine exocrine pancreatic tumours is limited to 76 cases reported since 1963. This retrospective study analysed formalin-fixed samples of pancreatic carcinomas from 22 dogs, obtained during elective exploratory surgery (n = 16) or if the dog was humanely destroyed (n =&nbs...
Source: Journal of Comparative Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02275780, and is closed to accrual.FindingsBetween Dec 1, 2014, and Oct 20, 2015, 1027 individuals were screened, of whom 769 participants were randomly assigned to doravirine (n=385) or ritonavir-boosted darunavir (n=384), and 383 in both groups were given at least one dose of their allocated treatment. Most participants were male (645 [84%] of 766) and white (560 [73%]), with a mean age of 35·2 years (SD 10·6). 292 participants in the doravirine group and 273 in the darunavir group completed 96 weeks of treatment. At week 96, a higher proportion of the do...
Source: The Lancet HIV - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Michel Attal, Paul G Richardson, S Vincent Rajkumar, Jesus San-Miguel, Meral Beksac, Ivan Spicka, Xavier Leleu, Fredrik Schjesvold, Philippe Moreau, Meletios A Dimopoulos, Jeffrey Shang-Yi Huang, Jiri Minarik, Michele Cavo, H Miles Prince, Sandrine Macé, Kathryn P Corzo, Frank Campana, Solenn Le-Guennec, Franck Dubin, Kenneth C AndersonSummaryBackgroundIsatuximab is a monoclonal antibody that binds a specific epitope on the human CD38 receptor and has antitumour activity via multiple mechanisms of action. In a previous phase 1b study, ar...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionThese results indicate that A. farnesiana pods contain nematocidal compounds and might be promising natural anthelmintic agents against H. contortus. This leguminous plant could be used as a nutraceutical food source for the control of gastrointestinal nematodes in small ruminants.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Karoun H Bagamian, John D Anderson, Farzana Muhib, Oliver Cumming, Lindsey A Laytner, Thomas F Wierzba, Richard RheingansSummaryBackgroundDiarrhoea, a global cause of child mortality and morbidity, is linked to adverse consequences including childhood stunting and death from other diseases. Few studies explore how diarrhoeal mortality varies subnationally, especially by cause, which is important for targeting investments. Even fewer examine indirect effects of diarrhoeal morbidity on child mortality. We estimated the subnational d...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Lancet Countdown tracks impacts of global heating covering disease, wildfires and malnutritionThe climate crisis will determine the lifelong health of today ’s children, doctors have warned, noting that global heating was already causing harm.Children are especially vulnerable and the global team of researchers say rising temperatures mean the bacteria causing deadly diarrhoea will thrive while poorer crop yields could lead to more malnutrition.Continue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Climate change Global health Infectious diseases Malnutrition Wildfires Natural disasters and extreme weather Children Global development Environment World news UK news Science Agriculture Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 11 November 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Stephen A Harrison, Mustafa R Bashir, Cynthia D Guy, Rong Zhou, Cynthia A Moylan, Juan P Frias, Naim Alkhouri, Meena B Bansal, Seth Baum, Brent A Neuschwander-Tetri, Rebecca Taub, Sam E MoussaSummaryBackgroundNon-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is characterised by hepatic steatosis, inflammation, hepatocellular injury, and progressive liver fibrosis. Resmetirom (MGL-3196) is a liver-directed, orally active, selective thyroid hormone receptor-β agonist designed to improve NASH by increasing hepatic fat metabolism and reducing lipotoxicity....
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 November 2019Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): V. Fruscalso, G. Olmos, M.J. HötzelAbstractOur retrospective, cross-sectional study aimed to identify the mortality rate of preweaned heifer calves and associated herd-management factors in family-run dairy holdings in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. A survey was made available through an online platform to all the municipalities (n = 494) with a state official extension office (Emater), allowing for any milk producer in RS raising the calves on-farm to take part in the study. A total of 1,451 fram...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
We examined 252 rectal swabs obtained from 134 roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), 97 red deer (Cervus elaphus) and 21 fallow deer (Dama dama) in north-eastern Poland. The samples were enriched in modified buffered peptone water. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays were conducted to determine the virulence profile of stx1, stx2 and eae or aggR genes, to identify the subtypes of stx1 and stx2 genes, and to perform O and H serotyping. E. coli O157:H7 isolates were detected in the rectal swabs collected from 1/134 roe deer (0.75%) and 4/97 red deer (4.1%), and they were not detected in fallow deer (Dama dama). The remaining E....
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
In this study a clinically meaningful prolongation of PFS by 2.2 months was observed. In addition, the time to intervention for brain metastases was prolonged in the neratinib group and the cumulative incidence of brain metastases was lower as well. On the downside a high rate of grade 2 and  3 diarrhoea was observed.
Source: Memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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