Methods for Evaluation of a Snake Venom-Derived Disintegrin in Animal Models of Human Cancer.

Methods for Evaluation of a Snake Venom-Derived Disintegrin in Animal Models of Human Cancer. Methods Mol Biol. 2020;2068:185-204 Authors: Swenson SD, Silva-Hirschberg C, Markland FS Abstract Integrin targeting has been shown to be an effective approach for anticancer therapy. We engineered a recombinant disintegrin, vicrostatin (VCN), that binds with high affinity and specificity to the Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) class of integrins, including αvβ3, αvβ5, and α5β1, involved in tumor invasion and metastasis. We used three different delivery modalities to examine anticancer activity of VCN in mouse models of human ovarian cancer, glioma, and prostate cancer. A female mouse model was used to examine the treatment of established ovarian cancer (OC) using VCN delivered intraperitoneally (IP) weekly either in saline or impregnated in a viscoelastic gel. SKOV3luc cells (a human OC cell line) were directly injected IP into immunodeficient mice. We also examined the antitumor activity of radioiodinated VCN delivered intravenously in a human glioma model in nude mice. We evaluated the effectiveness of 131I-VCN in combination with the DNA alkylating agent temozolomide in limiting glioma growth. Finally, treatment of a bone metastatic model of human prostate cancer (PC) in immunodeficient mice was examined using a liposomal formulation of VCN (LVCN) delivered intravenously. Human PC cells were suspended in a solution of Matrigel and injected ...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Methods Mol Biol Source Type: research

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Yool Aquaporin (AQP) channels enable regulated transport of water and solutes essential for fluid homeostasis, but they are gaining attention as targets for anticancer therapies. Patterns of AQP expression and survival rates for patients were evaluated by systematic review (PubMed and Embase) and transcriptomic analyses of RNAseq data (Human Protein Atlas database). Meta-analyses confirmed predominantly negative associations between AQP protein and RNA expression levels and patient survival times, most notably for AQP1 in lung, breast and prostate cancers; AQP3 in esophageal, liver and breast cancers; and AQP9 in live...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Abstract In various cancers, high-grade tumor and poor survival rate in patients with upregulated lncRNAs UCA1 have been confirmed. Urothelial carcinoma associated 1 (UCA1) is an oncogenic non-coding RNA with a length of more than 200 nucleotides. The UCA1 regulate critical biological processes that are involved in cancer progression, including cancer cell growth, invasion, migration, metastasis, and angiogenesis. So It should not surprise that UCA1 overexpresses in variety of cancers type, including pancreatic cancer, ovarian cancer, gastric cancer, colorectal cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, endometrial c...
Source: Current Molecular Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Curr Mol Med Source Type: research
Circular RNAs (circRNAs), which act as initiators and promoters of various diseases, were thought to be mostly noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) in eukaryotes, until recent studies confirmed that some circRNAs have the function of encoding proteins. Accumulating research findings have proved that dysregulation of circRNAs is associated with the developmental process of multiple cancers. circHIPK3, an example of circRNA, is frequently expressed in many diseases, such as diabetes, age-related cataract, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, preeclampsia, osteoblasts, and retinal vascular dysfunction, leading to disease development and progres...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Contributors : Radoslaw Januchowski ; Dominika Kazmierczak ; Marcin RucinskiSeries Type : Non-coding RNA profiling by arrayOrganism : Homo sapiens ; synthetic constructAlthough many genes associated with the development of resistance to chemotherapy are known, the mechanisms of their regulation are still poorly understood. One of the ways to regulate gene expression is regulation at mRNA level by small noncoding RNA particles – designated as a micro RNA (miRNA). Changes in miRNA expression were also observed in cell line studyes. Downregulation of miR-31 expression correlated with taxane resistance in ovarian cancer ...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Non-coding RNA profiling by array Homo sapiens synthetic construct Source Type: research
Al-Dayel F, Al-Kuraya KS Abstract Sanger Sequencing and immunohistochemistry was employed to investigate the TERT promoter mutations and TERT protein expression with their association to clinicopathological characteristics in over 2200 samples of Middle Eastern origin from 13 different types of cancers. The TERT promoter mutations were most frequently present in bladder cancer (68.6%), followed by central nervous system tumors (28.7%), thyroid cancer (15.4%), prostate cancer (9.3%), endometrial carcinoma (3.7%), rhabdomyosarcoma (1.4%), colorectal cancer (1%), epithelial ovarian carcinoma (0.7%) and breast cancer ...
Source: Genomics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Genomics Source Type: research
Studies have identified that the polymorphism rs10069690 of telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) is associated with cancer risk, but the results remain inconclusive. We performed a meta ‐analysis of 45 published studies including 329,035 cases and 730,940 controls. This meta‐analysis suggested that the TERT rs10069690 polymorphism may be a risk factor for cancer, especially breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and lung cancer. Further functional studies are warranted to reveal the ro le of the polymorphism in carcinogenesis. AbstractBackgroundStudies have identified that the telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) gene po...
Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
This study aimed to explore novel biomarkers for GBM prognosis prediction. The gene expression profiles from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) datasets of GBM were downloaded. A total of 2241 overlapping differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified from TCGA and GSE7696 datasets. By univariate COX regression survival analysis, 292 survival-related genes were found among these DEGs (p
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusions Several model systems are now available to characterize the MSC-tumour interplay in the TME. These offer early promise in establishing robust preclinical platforms for the identification of crucial molecular pathways and for the assessment of clinical efficacy of novel drugs to inhibit cancer development and progression. However, selection of the right model for a given study should be shaped on the purpose, and should also consider fixed biological, biochemical, and biophysical parameters according to the specific tumour type. Finally, in order to get reliable and useful results to be translated to the clinic...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our WGCNA analysis identified candidate prognostic biomarkers for further basic and clinical researches. Introduction Breast cancer is a frequently diagnosed malignancy and the leading cause of cancer death among females around the world, accounting for 24% of cancer diagnoses and 15% of cancer deaths in females. According to Global Cancer Statistics 2018, there will be nearly 2.1 million new cases diagnosed globally, with ~62 thousand deaths. The incident rates of breast cancer increased in most developing countries during last decades, resulting from a combination of social and economic factors, incl...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Reena Goswami1, Gayatri Subramanian2, Liliya Silayeva1, Isabelle Newkirk1, Deborah Doctor1, Karan Chawla2, Saurabh Chattopadhyay2, Dhyan Chandra3, Nageswararao Chilukuri1 and Venkaiah Betapudi1,4* 1Neuroscience Branch, Research Division, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, Aberdeen, MD, United States 2Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Toledo College of Medicine and Life Sciences, Toledo, OH, United States 3Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY, United States 4Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University, Clev...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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