NIH-funded study suggests high lead levels during pregnancy linked to child obesity

Folic acid may lower risk of being obese or overweight.
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - Category: American Health Source Type: news

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This study aimed to evaluate the reproducibility of three BIA instruments in pregnancy and analyse the relationship between the body composition and the GDM risk. Methods: A prospective cohort (n = 117) of women with singleton pregnancies participating in the Microbiome Understanding in Maternity Study (MUMS) at St. George Hospital, Sydney, Australia. Anthropometric measurements and BIA body composition were measured at ≤13 weeks (T1), 20-24 weeks (T2), and 32-36 weeks (T3) of gestation. Body fat percentage (BFP), total body water (TBW), and impedance were estimated by three BIA instruments: Bodystat 1...
Source: Journal of Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research
Conclusion: PlGF is reduced in MC4R-def obese hypertensive pregnant rats, which is similar to findings in obese hypertensive pregnant women, while increasing its levels with exogenous rhPlGF reduces their blood pressure.
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Experimental studies Source Type: research
We report the perioperative management of a patient with a giant ovarian tumor that contained 23 L of fluid who underwent tumor resection. Given the infrequency of these giant ovarian tumors, a detailed anesthetic plan and postoperative respiratory support strategy were tailored to address the patient's hemodynamic and respiratory risks, as well as to minimize potential complications, including supine hypotensive syndrome, re-expansion pulmonary edema, and postoperative intestinal ileus. To prevent supine hypotensive syndrome, the patient used a mild left-sided position (10∼20°) after admission until the tumor wa...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Background and objective: The maternal glucose-insulin axis is central for metabolic adaptations required for a healthy pregnancy. Metabolic changes in obese mothers in early pregnancy have been scantly described. Here we characterized the glucose-insulin axis in the first trimester of human pregnancy and assessed the effect of maternal obesity and fat mass.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, maternal blood samples (N = 323) were collected during voluntary pregnancy termination (gestational age 4+0–11+6 weeks) after overnight fasting. Smokers (N = 198) were identified by self-report and serum cotinine levels (ELI...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 October 2020Source: Pregnancy HypertensionAuthor(s): Laura Sarno, Maddalena Morlando, Antonia Giudicepietro, Annunziata Carlea, Supreet Sidhu, Marta Campanile, Giuseppe Maria Maruotti, Pasquale Martinelli, Maurizio Guida
Source: Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Womens Cardiovascular Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Conditions:   Weight Loss;   Gestational Diabetes Interventions:   Other: PAIGE2 lifestyle intervention;   Other: Standard care Sponsors:   Belfast Health and Social Care Trust;   Northern Health and Social Care Trust;   South Eastern Health and Social Care Trust;   Interreg;   Our Lady of Lourdes Hospital, Drogheda;   Sligo General Hospital;   Letterkenny University Hospital Recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Positive pregnancy and birthing experiences go beyond merely having a healthy mother and baby — so, too, does maternal justice, a term that encompasses broad goals. Affordable, timely, high-quality, equitable, and dignified care during and after pregnancy is essential for all birthing people. Maternal justice is a model of culturally sensitive care that aims to dismantle inequities in maternity care and maximize maternal health and well-being. It rests on human rights and requires us to chip away at racism entrenched in health systems. How do race and ethnicity affect pregnancy and birth? Globally, Black, indigenous,...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Adolescent health Health care disparities Parenting Pregnancy Women's Health Source Type: blogs
This study investigates associations between maternal body mass index (BMI) early in pregnancy and obstetric interventions, maternal and neonatal outcomes.Material and methodsThis is a cohort study of nulliparous women originally included in a cluster randomized controlled trial carried out at 14 Norwegian obstetric units between 2014 and 2017. The sample included 7189 nulliparous women with a singleton fetus, cephalic presentation and spontaneous onset of labor at term, denoted as group 1 in the Ten ‐Group Classification System. The women were grouped according to the World Health Organization’s BMI classifications: underweight (BMI
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Authors: Pereira JN, Chactoura J, Nohra F, Diogenes MEL, Bezerra FF Abstract Normal pregnancy is characterized by many changes in vitamin D metabolism, challenging the assessment of vitamin D status based exclusively on serum total 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D). We hypothesized that measuring free and bioavailable fractions contributes to a better vitamin D status assessment in late pregnancy. Our aim was to evaluate a broad set of biomarkers of vitamin D status in Brazilian women in the third trimester of pregnancy. This cross-sectional study was conducted in women (n = 123, 18-44 y, 27-41&thi...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Men and women with CVD or those at increased risk of CVD perceived new research on conventional and sex- and gender-related risk factors as a priority. These findings may guide researchers and funders in further prioritising new CVD research. PMID: 33025404 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Netherlands Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Neth Heart J Source Type: research
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