Borderline personality disorder and depressive disorder.

CONCLUSIONS: Depressive symptoms are present in the majority of people with BPD. To address the difficulty differentiating clinically distinct MDD from depressive symptoms that are integral to BPD psychopathology, it is suggested that depressive symptoms arising from a primary diagnosis of BPD (i) may exhibit transience and be stress reactive, (ii) lack a robust clinical response to antidepressant medication and/or electroconvulsive treatment and (iii) are responsive to BPD-appropriate psychotherapy. PMID: 31573324 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Australasian Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Australas Psychiatry Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: There is a growing variety of psychotherapeutic interventions for adolescents with BPD symptomatology that appears feasible and effective in the short term, but efficacy is not retained in follow-up-particularly for frequency of suicide attempts. PMID: 31558033 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Wongpakaran N, Wongpakaran T, Kuntawong P Abstract The study aimed to development a short screening scale for borderline personality disorder (Short-Bord), and to validate its psychometric properties using Rasch analysis. Ninety-eight outpatients undergoing psychotherapy were evaluated using a semistructured diagnostic interview for DSM-IV Personality disorders. Correlational analysis and Rasch analysis were used to identify the best-fitted items for the shorter scale. Rasch analysis identified three underfitted items. The best five items were selected for the Short-Bord using two analyses, resulting in tw...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur results do not support models postulating BPD-specific affective hyperreactivity. HAP and LAP have different trajectories, depending on the degree of psychopathology. The resilience-enhancing potential of a PA-focus in psychotherapy needs further research.
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion It is clear that clinically, there is still much to be learnt about alexithymia and its relationship with a range of related phenomena. Firstly, is alexithymia a continuous and stable trait independent of psychological or somatic symptomology that is developed during childhood? Or is it instead a reactive state induced by trauma and distress at any age, which serves to defend against intense and upsetting emotions? This impacts on treatment options. For example, should we be focussing on early childhood interventions which target the child's emotional environment and parenting to encourage emotional exp...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study, therefore, compares reappraisal of negative, positive, neutral, and alcohol-related images at a behavioral and neural level between ADPs and healthy controls (HCs).Thirty-nine ADPs and 39 age-, gender-, and education-matched HCs performed an emotion reappraisal task during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and craving was measured before and after the reappraisal task. During the emotion reappraisal task, participants were instructed to either attend or reappraise positive, negative, neutral, or alcohol-related images, and to indicate their experienced emotion on a visual analogue scale (VAS).Both A...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study will be conducted in the city of Porto Alegre in the state of Rio Grande do Sul in far-southern Brazil. This region has Portuguese, Italian, German, and African influence. It has a population of 1.4 million, and it is the 10th most populous city in Brazil. Its ethnic distribution is as follows: White (79.2%), Black (10.2%), and Pardo (multiracial) people (10.6%). Its religious distribution is as follows: Catholic (83%), Protestant (9%), and others and atheists (8%). Brazil is a country with a high level of religiosity, and it is common for people to associate improvements in their health as being due to their fa...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
DiscussionThe expected results will be a major step forward in establishing empirically supported psychological treatments for survivors of CA suffering from Complex PTSD.Trial registrationGerman Clinical Trials Register: registration numberDRKS00005578, date of registration 19 December 2013.
Source: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study aims to increase knowledge of how such cr...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news
Prolonged exposure therapy (PE) is a highly efficacious and effective treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In addition to reducing PTSD symptoms, PE ameliorates a wide-variety of related symptoms, including anxiety, depression, functional impairment, mild suicidal ideation, and anger. Furthermore, PE is effective in patients with comorbid conditions, including dissociation, substance use, borderline personality disorder and psychosis. How does PE achieve these outcomes? Emotional processing theory (EPT) is the conceptual model from which PE was derived. Three key concepts were originally proposed as indicato...
Source: Journal of Psychotherapy Integration - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
The authors present the results from a 3-year follow-up among 170 patients who had participated in the original randomized study, which consisted of three treatment conditions: (a) 3-month abandonment psychotherapy (AP) delivered by certified psychotherapi...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news
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